" DISCLAIMER: The ILO does not take responsibility for content presented on this web portal that is presented in any language other than English, which is the language used for the initial production and peer-review of original content. Certain statistics have not been updated since the production of the 4th edition of the Encyclopaedia (1998)."

Banner 18

 

104. Guide to Chemicals

 


 

 

Table of Contents

General Profile


Acids, Inorganic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Alcohols

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Alkaline Materials

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Amines, Aliphatic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Azides

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Carbon Monoxide


Epoxy Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Esters, Acrylates

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Ethers

Ethers Tables:

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties

Halogen and Ethers Tables:

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Fluorocarbons

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Glycerols and Glycols

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Heterocyclic Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Hydrocarbons, Aliphatic and Halogenated

Halogenated Saturated Hydrocarbons Tables:

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties

Halogenated Unsaturated Hydrocarbons Tables:

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Hydrocarbons, Aliphatic Unsaturated

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Hydrocarbons, Halogenated Aromatic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Isocyanates

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Nitrocompounds, Aliphatic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Peroxides, Organic and Inorganic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Phosphates, Inorganic and Organic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties

 


 


Acids and Anhydrides, Organic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Aldehydes and Ketals

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Amides

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Aromatic Amino Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Boranes

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Cyano Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Esters, Acetates

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Esters, Alkanoates (except Acetates)

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Glycol Ethers

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Halogens and Their Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Hydrocarbons, Saturated and Alicyclic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


 

Hydrocarbons, Aromatic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Hydrocarbons, Polyaromatic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Ketones

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Nitrocompounds, Aromatic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Phenols and Phenolic Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Phthalates

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Silicon and Organosilicon Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Sulphur Compounds, Inorganic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Sulphur Compounds, Organic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


 


Click to return to top of page

Sunday, 07 August 2011 05:54

Glycol Ethers: Chemical Identification

Written by

Chemical Formula

Chemical

Synonyms
UN Code

CAS-Number

2425798

1,4-BUTANEDIOL DIGLYCIDYL ETHER

1,4-Bis(2,3-epoxypropoxy)butane;
1,4-Bis(glycidyloxy)butane;
1,4-Butane diglycidyl ether;
Butanediol diglycidyl ether;
Butane-1:4-diol diglycidyl ether;
2,2'-(1,4-Butanediylbis(oxymethylene))bisoxirane;
1,4-Diglycidloxybutane

2425-79-8

112367

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL DIETHYL ETHER

Bis(2-ethoxyethyl) ether;
Diethyl carbitol;
3,6,9-Trioxaundecane

112-36-7

4206615

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL DIGLYCIDYL ETHER

Ether, bis(2-(2,3-epoxypropoxy)ethyl);
Oxirane, 2,2'-(oxybis(2,1-ethanediyloxymethylene))bis-;
2,2'-(Oxybis(2,1-ethanediyloxymethylene))bisoxirane

4206-61-5

112345

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER

Butoxydiethylene glycol;
Butoxydiglycol;
2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethanol;
Butyl carbitol;
Glycol-n-butyl ether;
Diglycol monobutyl ether

112-34-5

124174

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER ACETATE

Acetic acid 2-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethyl ester;
2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethyl acetate;
Butyl carbitol acetate;
Diethylene glycol butyl ether acetate

124-17-4

111900

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOETHYL ETHER

Carbitol cellosolve;
Ethyl diethylene glycol;
Ethanol, 2-(2-ethoxyethoxy)

111-90-0

111773

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER

Diethylene glycol monomethyl ether;
Dowanol DM;
Ethylene diglycol monomethyl ether;
Methoxydiglycol

111-77-3

110714

1,2-DIMETHOXYETHANE

Dimethoxyethane;
Dimethylcellosolve;
2,5-Dioxahexane;
Ethylene dimethyl ether;
Ethylene glycol dimethyl ether
UN2252

110-71-4

34590948

DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL METHYL ETHER

Arcosolv;
Dipropylene Dowanol DPM;
Dowanol-50B;
1-(2-Methoxyisopropoxy)-2-propanol

34590-94-8

1002671

2-ETHOXYETHYL 2-METHOXYETHYL ETHER

Diethylene glycol ethyl methyl ether

1002-67-1

110805

ETHYLENE GLYCOL ETHYL ETHER ACETATE

Cellosolve;
Dowanol EE;
2-Ethoxyethanol;
Ethyl cellosolve;
Glycol monoethyl ether;
Hydroxy ether
UN1171

110-80-5

629141

ETHYLENE GLYCOL DIETHYL ETHER

1,2-Diethoxyethane;
Diethyl cellosolve;
Ethylene glycol diethyl ether
UN1153

629-14-1

109864

ETHYLENE GLYCOL METHYL ETHER

Glycol monomethyl ether;
2-Methoxyethanol;
Methoxyhydroxyethane;
Methyl cellosolve
UN1188

109-86-4

111762

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER

Butoxyethanol;
Butyl cellosolve;
2-Butoxyethanol;
Glycol butyl ether;
Glycol monobutyl ether;
Monobutyl glycol ether
UN2369

111-76-2

112072

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHYL ETHER ACETATE

112-07-2

111159

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOETHYL ETHER ACETATE

Cellosolve acetate;
Ethoxy acetate;
Ethoxyethyl acetate
UN1172

111-15-9

110496

ETHYLENE GLYCOL, MONOMETHYL ETHER ACETATE

Acetic acid 2-methoxyethyl ester;
Ethylene glycol methyl ether acetate;
Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate;
Glycol ether EM acetate;
Glycol monomethyl ether acetate;
Mecsac;
2-Methoxyethanol, acetate;
2-Methoxyethyl acetate;
Methyl cellosolve acetate;
Methyl glycol acetate;
Methyl glycol monoacetate
UN1189

110-49-6

2807309

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOPROPYL ETHER

Ektasolve EP;
2-Propoxyethanol;
Propyl cellosolve

2807-30-9

122996

ETHYLENE GLYCOL PHENYL ETHER

Arosol;
Dowanol EP;
Dowanol EPH;
2-Phenoxyethanol;
Glycol monophenyl ether;
Phenyl cellosolve

122-99-6

107982

PROPYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER

Glycol ether PM;
Methoxy ether of propylene glycol;
1-Methoxy-2-propanol;
Propasol solvent M;
Propylene glycol methyl ether;
Propylene glycol monomethyl ether
UN3092

107-98-2

 

Back

Sunday, 07 August 2011 05:57

Glycol Ethers: Health Hazards

Written by

Chemical Name

CAS-Number

ICSC Short-Term Exposure

ICSC Long-Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

1,4-BUTANEDIOL DIGLYCIDYL ETHER     2425-79-8

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL DIETHYL ETHER 112-36-7

eyes; skin; resp tract

Inhalation: cough

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: diarrhoea, headache, nausea, vomiting

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL DIGLYCIDYL ETHER     4206-61-5

lungs

skin; CNS; blood; kidneys

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER     112-34-5

eyes; skin; CNS

skin

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: headache, unconsciousness, vomiting

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOETHYL ETHER     111-90-0

lungs

skin

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER     111-77-3

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin; lungs; may impair male fertility

Skin: redness, roughness

Eyes: redness

DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL METHYL ETHER  34590-94-8

Skin: dry skin

Resp sys; eyes; CNS Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; weak, li-head, head

2-ETHOXYETHANOL     110-80-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS; liver; kidneys

skin; male fertility; birth defects

Inhalation: cough, drowsiness, headache, shortness of breath, sore throat, weakness

Skin: may be absorbed

Eyes: Blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting

Resp sys; eyes; blood; kidneys; liver; repro sys; hemato sys Inh; abs; ing; con

In animals: irrit eyes, resp sys; blood changes; liver, kidney, lung damage; repro, terato effects

ETHYLENE GLYCOL ETHYL ETHER ACETATE     111-15-9

CNS; blood

liver; kidneys

Inhalation: cough, drowsiness, headache, nausea, shortness of breath, sore throat, vomiting

Skin: may be absorbed, dizziness, headache, nausea and vomiting

Eyes: blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal pain, drowsiness, headache, nausea, vomiting

Resp sys; eyes; GI tract; repro sys; hemato sys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose; vomit; kidney damage; para; in animals: repro, terato effects

ETHYLENE GLYCOL METHYL ETHER  109-86-4

eyes; resp tract; CNS; liver; kidneys

Inhalation: confusion, dizziness, headache, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting, weakness

Skin: may be absorbed

Eyes: blurred vision

Eyes; resp sys; CNS; blood; kidneys; repro sys; hemato sys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; head, drow, weak; ataxia, tremor, som; anemic pallor, in animals: repro, terato effects

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER     111-76-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS; liver; kidneys

skin

Inhalation: cough, drowsiness, headache, nausea

Skin: may be absorbed, dry skin

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal pain, diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting

Liver; kidneys; lymphoid sys; skin; blood; eyes; resp sys; hemato sys; CNS Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; hemolysis, hemog; CNS depres, head, vomit

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER ACETATE           112-07-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; kidneys; blood

skin; liver; bone marrow

Inhalation: cough, headache, nausea

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS; hemato sys; blood; kidneys; liver; lymphoid sys imh

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; hemolysis, hemog; CNS depres, head, vomit

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER ACETATE           110-49-6

CNS

skin; liver; kidneys;blood

Inhalation: Confusion, dizziness, headache, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting, weakness.

Skin: Dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting

Eyes: Blurred vision.

Ingestion: Abdominal pain, burning sensation, confusion, dizziness, headache, nausea, unconsciousness.

Eyes; resp sys; kidneys; brain; CNS; PNS; repro sys; hemato sys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; kidney, brain damage; in animals: narco; repro, terato effects

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOPROPYL ETHER     2807-30-9

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

blood; spleen; kidneys

Inhalation: confusion, cough, headache, nausea, sore throat, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: redness, burning sensation

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: confusion, diarrhoea, headache, nausea, vomiting

ETHYLENE GLYCOL PHENYL ETHER  122-99-6

eyes; skin

Inhalation: sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, sore throat

PROPYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER     107-98-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; nose; throat; CNS

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, headache, nausea

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: lacrimation, redness

Ingestion: diarrhoea, drowsiness, headache, nausea, vomiting, incoordination or possible unconsciousness

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; head, nau, li-head, drow, inco; vomit, diarr

 

Back

Chemical Name

CAS-Number

Physical

Chemical

UN Class or Division / Subsidiary Risks

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL DIETHYL ETHER
112-36-7

The substance can form explosive peroxides. •On heating or on burning producing acrid smoke and irritating fumes. •Reacts with strong oxidants

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER
112-34-5

Reacts with strong oxidants, causing fire and explosion hazard

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL METHYL ETHER
111-77-3

The substance can presumably form explosive peroxides. •Reacts with strong oxidants

DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL METHYL ETHER
34590-94-8

The substance can presumably form explosive peroxides in contact with air. •Reacts violently with strong oxidants

2-ETHOXYETHANOL
110-80-5

The substance can form explosive peroxides. •The substance decomposes on burning producing toxic gas. •Reacts with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard. •Attacks many plastics and rubber

3

ETHYLENE GLYCOL DIETHYL ETHER
629-14-1

3

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER
111-76-2

The substance can form explosive peroxides. •The substance decomposes, producing toxic fumes. •Reacts with strong oxidants, causing fire and explosion hazard

6.1

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER ACETATE
112-07-2

The vapour mixes well with air

Reacts with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard

ETHYLENE GLYCOL, ETHYL ETHER ACETATE
111-15-9

The vapour is heavier than air

Reacts with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard

3

ETHYLENE GLYCOL, MONOMETHYL ETHER ACETATE
110-49-6

3

ETHYLENE GLYCOL METHYL ETHER
109-86-4

The substance can form explosive peroxides. •The substance decomposes on burning and on contact with strong caustics, producing toxic gas. •Reacts with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard

3

ETHYLENE GLYCOL PHENYL ETHER
122-99-6

The vapour is heavier than air

Reacts with oxidants

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOPROPYL ETHER
2807-30-9

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

PROPYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER
107-98-2

The substance can presumably form explosive peroxides. •Reacts with strong oxidants

For UN Class: 1.5 = very insensitive substances which have a mass explosion hazard; 2.1 = flammable gas; 2.3 = toxic gas; 3 = flammable liquid; 4.1 = flammable solid; 4.2 = substance liable to spontaneous combustion; 4.3 = substance which in contact with water emits flammable gases; 5.1 = oxidizing substance; 6.1 = toxic; 7 = radioactive; 8 = corrosive substance

 

Back

Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Colour/Form

Boiling Point (°C)

Melting Point (°C)

Molecular Weight

Solubility in Water

Relative Density (water=1)

Relative Vapour Density (air=1)

Vapour Pressure/ (Kpa)

Inflam.
Limits

Flash Point (°C)

Auto Ignition Point (°C)

1,4-BUTANEDIOL DIGLYCIDYL ETHER
2425-79-8

266

-202.28

@ 25 °C

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL DIETHYL ETHER
112-36-7

colourless liquid

189

-44.3

162.22

v sol

0.907

5.6

79 Pa

71 cc

174

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER
112-34-5

colourless liquid

230.4

-68.1

162.2

misc

0.9553

5.58

2.99 Pa

78

225

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER ACETATE
124-17-4

clear liquid

245

-32

204.30

sol

0.985

< 0.01 mm Hg

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOETHYL ETHER
111-90-0

colourless liquid

196

134.17

misc

0.9881

4.62

@ 25 °C

@ 135 °C ll

96 oc

204

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER
111-77-3

colourless liquid

193

< -84

120.1

misc

1.0270

4.14

30 Pa

1.6 ll
18.1 ul

93 oc

215

DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL METHYL ETHER
34590-94-8

colourless liquid

190

-80

148.2

misc

@ 25 °C

5.11

@ 26 °C

1.3 ll
10.4 ul

85 cc

270

2-ETHOXYETHANOL
110-80-5

colourless liquid

135

-70

90.12

v sol

0.9297

3.1

0.5

@ 93 °C ll

44 cc

235

ETHYLENE GLYCOL DIETHYL ETHER
629-14-1

colourless liquid

123.5

-74

118.2

2 %

0.8484

4.07

9.4 mm Hg

ETHYLENE GLYCOL ETHYL ETHER ACETATE
111-15-9

colourless liquid

156

-61.7

132.2

v sol

0.9740

4.72

0.16

1.7 ll
13.0 ul

52 cc

379

ETHYLENE GLYCOL METHYL ETHER
109-86-4

colourless liquid

125

-85.1

76.09

misc

0.9647

2.62

0.83

2.3 ll
24.5 ul

42 cc

285

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER
111-76-2

colourless liquid

171-172

-75

118.2

misc

0.9015

4.1

0.10

@ 93 °C ll

61 cc

238

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER ACETATE
112-07-2

colourless liquid

192.3

-64.5

160.24

1.1 g/100 g

0.9422

5.5

30-40 Pa

@ 93 °C ll

71 cc

340

ETHYLENE GLYCOL, MONOMETHYL ETHER ACETATE
110-49-6

colourless liquid

143

-65.1

118.13

v sol

@ 19 °C/19 °C

4.1

0.44

1.7 ll
8.2 ul

45 cc

394

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOPROPYL ETHER
2807-30-9

volatile liquid

149.8

<-70

104.1

sol

0.9112

3.6

200 Pa

5.5 ll
23 ul

49

230

ETHYLENE GLYCOL PHENYL ETHER
122-99-6

oily liquid; colourless liquid

245

14

138.16

insol

1.1094

4.8

5.2

1.4 ll
9.0 ul

121

PROPYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER
107-98-2

colourless liquid

@ 740 mm Hg

-96.7

90.1

v sol

0.9620

3.11

1.6

1.6 ll
13.8 ul

38 oc

 

Back

Chemical Formula

Chemical

Synonyms
UN Code

CAS-Number

584032

1,2-BUTANEDIOL

1,2-Butylene glycol

584-03-2

107880

1,3-BUTANEDIOL

Butane-1,3-diol;
b-Butylene glycol;
1,3-Butylene glycol;
1,3-Dihydroxybutane;
Methyltrimethylene glycol

107-88-0

110634

1,4-BUTANEDIOL

Butanediol;
Butane-1,4-diol;
1,4-Butylene glycol;
1,4-Dihydroxybutane;
Tetramethylene 1,4-diol;
1,4-Tetramethylene glycol

110-63-4

96242

3-CHLORO-1,2-PROPANEDIOL

Chlorhydrin;
Chlorodeoxyglycerol;
1-Chloro-2,3-dihydroxypropane;
3-Chloro-1,2-dihydroxypropane
UN2689

96-24-2

111466

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL

Bis(2-hydroxyethyl) ether;
Dihydroxydiethyl ether;
2,2'-Dihydroxyethyl ether;
Ethylene diglycol;
Glycol ether;
Glycol ethyl ether;
3-Oxapentane-1,5-diol;
3-Oxa-1,5-pentanediol;
2,2'-Oxybisethanol;
2,2'-Oxydiethanol

111-46-6

513859

DIMETHYLENE GLYCOL

2,3-Butanediol;
2,3-Butylene glycol;
2,3-Dihydroxybutane;

513-85-9

110985

DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL

2,2'-Dihydroxydipropyl ether;
2,2'-Dihydroxyisopropyl ether;
1,1'-Oxydi-2-propanol;
2-Propanol, 1,1'-Oxydi

110-98-5

94962

2-ETHYL-1,3-HEXANEDIOL

Ethyl hexanediol;
2-Ethylhexane-1,3-diol;
2-Ethylhexanediol-1,3;
Ethyl hexylene glycol;
2-Ethyl-3-propyl-1,3-propanediol;
3-Hydroxymethyl-n-heptane-4-ol;
Octylene glycol

94-96-2

107211

ETHYLENE GLYCOL

1,2-Dihydroxyethane;
1,2-Ethandiol;
1,2-Ethanediol;
Ethane-1,2-diol;
Ethylene alcohol;
Ethylene dihydrate;
Glycol;
Glycol alcohol;
Monoethylene glycol

107-21-1

56815

GLYCEROL

Glycerin;
Glycerine;
Glycyl alcohol;
1,2,3-Propanetriol;
Star;
Superol;
Synthetic glycerin;
Trihydroxypropane;
1,2,3-Trihydroxypropane

56-81-5

629118

1,6-HEXANEDIOL

Hexamethylene glycol

629-11-8

2935446

2,5-HEXANEDIOL

2935-44-6

107415

HEXYLENE GLYCOL

2,4-Dihydroxy-2-methylpentane;
2-Methyl pentane-2,4-diol;
2-Methyl-2,4-pentanediol

107-41-5

126307

NEOPENTYL GLYCOL

Dimethylolpropane;
2,2-Dimethyl-1,3-propanediol;
Dimethyltrimethylene glycol

126-30-7

115775

PENTAERYTHRITOL

2,2-Bis(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-propanediol;
Methane tetramethylol;
Pentaerythrite;
1,3-Propanediol, 2,2-Bis(hydroxymethyl)-;
Tetrahydroxymethylmetane;
Tetramethylolmethane

115-77-5

57556

PROPYLENE GLYCOL

1,2-Dihydroxypropane;
Methylethylene glycol;
Methyl glycol;
Monopropylene glycol;
1,2-Propanediol

57-55-6

 

Back

Sunday, 07 August 2011 06:14

Glycerols & Glycols: Health Hazards

Written by

Chemical Name

CAS-Number

ICSC Short-Term Exposure

ICSC Long-Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

1,3-BUTANEDIOL     107-88-0

eyes; skin; resp tract

Inhalation: cough

Skin: redness

Eyes: stinging sensation

1,4-BUTANEDIOL     110-63-4

eyes; resp tract; CNS; kidneys

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, headache, unconsciousness

Eyes: redness, irritant

Ingestion: unconsciousness

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL     111-46-6

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS; liver; kidneys

liver; kidneys

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: confusion, diarrhoea, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting

DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL     110-98-5

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: cough

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

ETHYLENE GLYCOL     107-21-1

eyes; skin; resp tract; kidneys; CNS

CNS; eyes

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, headache

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: abdominal pain, dullness, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; nau, vomit, abdom pain; weak; dizz, stupor, convuls, CNS depres; skin sens

1,6-HEXANEDIOL     629-11-8

eyes; resp tract

Inhalation: cough

Eyes: Irritation, redness

2,5-HEXANEDIOL     2935-44-6

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin; CNS

HEXYLENE GLYCOL     107-41-5

eyes; skin

skin; kidneys

Inhalation: cough

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting

Eyes; skin; resp sys Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; head, dizz, nau, inco, CNS depres; derm, skin sens

NEOPENTYL GLYCOL     126-30-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

lungs; kidneys

PROPYLENE GLYCOL     57-55-6

eyes

Eyes: pain

 

Back

Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Physical

Chemical

UN Class or Division /  Subsidiary Risks

1,4-BUTANEDIOL
110-63-4

On combustion, forms toxic fumes (CO) • Reacts with strong oxidants

1,6-HEXANEDIOL
629-11-8

Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air

On combustion, forms toxic gases

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL
111-46-6

Reacts violently with strong oxidants • Attacks many plastics

ETHYLENE GLYCOL
107-21-1

On combustion, forms toxic gases • Reacts with strong oxidants and strong bases

HEXYLENE GLYCOL
107-41-5

The substance polymerizes • Reacts with strong oxidants

PROPYLENE GLYCOL
57-55-6

The vapour is heavier than air

Reacts with strong oxidants, eg, potassium perchlorate, causing fire and explosion hazard

For UN Class: 1.5 = very insensitive substances which have a mass explosion hazard; 2.1 = flammable gas; 2.3 = toxic gas; 3 = flammable liquid; 4.1 = flammable solid; 4.2 = substance liable to spontaneous combustion; 4.3 = substance which in contact with water emits flammable gases; 5.1 = oxidizing substance; 6.1 = toxic; 7 = radioactive; 8 = corrosive substance

 

Back

Chemical Name

CAS-Number

Colour/Form

Boiling Point (°C)

Melting Point (°C)

Molecular Weight

Solubility in Water

Relative Density (water=1)

Relative Vapour Density (air=1)

Vapour Pressure/ (Kpa)

Inflam.
Limits

Flash Point (°C)

Auto Ignition Point (°C)

1,3-BUTANEDIOL
107-88-0

viscous liquid; pure compound is colourless

207.5

<50

90.12

sol

1.002

3.2

8 Pa

121

394

1,4-BUTANEDIOL
110-63-4

colourless, viscid liquid

230

20.1

90.12

misc

1.0171

3.1

@ 37.7 °C

121 oc

350

DIMETHYLENE GLYCOL
513-85-9

nearly colourless liquid or solid

90.12

3.1

402

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL
111-46-6

colourless liquid; syrupy liquid

245.8

-10.4

106.1

sol

1.18

3.66

5 Pa

1.6 ll
10.8 ul

143

400

DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL
110-98-5

colourless, slightly viscous liquid

233

134.17

misc

1.0252

4.63

@ 25 °C

137

2-ETHYL-1,3-HEXANE­DIOL
94-96-2

slightly oily liquid; colourless liquid

244.

-40

146.22

sl sol

@ 22 °C/4 °C

5.03

< 0.01 mm Hg

110 oc

335

ETHYLENE GLYCOL
107-21-1

slightly viscous liquid; clear, colourless syrupy liquid

197.6

-13

62.07

misc

1.1135

2.14

7 Pa

3.2 ll
15.3 ul

111 cc

398

GLYCEROL
56-81-5

clear colourless syrupy liquid

290

18

92.09

sol

1.2613

320

392

1,6-HEXANEDIOL
629-11-8

crystals

208

42.8

118.17

sol

@ 0 °C/4 °C

4.07

@ 25 °C (est)

101

320

2,5-HEXANEDIOL
2935-44-6

216-218

43

118.17

sol

0.9610

HEXYLENE GLYCOL
107-41-5

colourless liquid

198

-50

118.2

sol

@ 17 °C

4.1

6.7 Pa

1.3 ll
7.4 ul

93

260

NEOPENTYL GLYCOL
126-30-7

208

130

104.14

sol

PENTAERYTHRITOL
115-77-5

ditetragonal crystals from diluted hydrochloric acid; white, crystalline powder

sublimes

260

136.1

sol

@ 25 °C/4 °C

PROPYLENE GLYCOL
57-55-6

colourless viscous liquid

187.6

-59

76.1

misc

1.0361

2.6

106.6 Pa

2.6 ll
12.5 ul

99 cc

371

 

Back

Chemical Formula

Chemical

Synonyms
UN Code

CAS-Number

7726956

BROMINE

Bromine
UN1744

7726-95-6

7789302

BROMINE PENTAFLUORIDE

Bromine pentafluoride
UN1745

7789-30-2

7789755

CALCIUM FLUORIDE

7789-75-5

353504

CARBONYL FLUORIDE

Carbon difluoride oxide;
Carbon fluoride oxide;
Carbon oxyfluoride;
Carbonyl difluoride;
Difluoroformaldehyde;
Fluophosgene;
Fluoroformyl fluoride;
Fluorophosgene
UN2417

353-50-4

7782505

CHLORINE

Molecular chlorine
UN1017

7782-50-5

10049044

CHLORINE OXIDE

Chlorine dioxide;
Chlorine(IV) oxide;
Chlorine peroxide;
Chloroperoxyl

10049-04-4

7790912

CHLORINE TRIFLUORIDE

Chlorine fluoride;
Chlorotrifluoride
UN1749

7790-91-2

7782414

FLUORINE

Fluorine
UN1045

7782-41-4

10035106

HYDROGEN BROMIDE

Anhydrous hydrobromic acid;
Hydrobromic acid solution
UN1788

10035-10-6

7664393

HYDROGEN FLUORIDE

Hydrofluoric acid;
Hydrofluoride
UN1052
UN1790

7664-39-3

7553562

IODINE

7553-56-2

10025851

NITROGEN CHLORIDE

Chlorine nitride;
Nitrogen trichloride;
Trichloramine;
Trichlorine nitride

10025-85-1

7783542

NITROGEN TRIFLUORIDE

Nitrogen fluoride
UN2451

7783-54-2

7783417

OXYGEN DIFLUORIDE

Fluorine monoxide;
Fluorine oxide;
Oxygen fluoride
UN2190

7783-41-7

7616946

PERCHLORYL FLUORIDE

Chlorine fluoride oxide;
Chlorine oxyfluoride
UN3083

7616-94-6

75445

PHOSGENE

Carbonyl chloride;
Carbonyl dichloride;
Chloroformyl chloride
UN1076

75-44-5

7789697

PHOSPHOROUS PENTABROMIDE

7789-69-7

7789608

PHOSPHOROUS TRIBROMIDE

Phosphorous bromide;
Tribromophosphine
UN1808

7789-60-8

16893859

SODIUM HEXAFLUOROSILICATE

16893-85-9

10025679

SULPHUR CHLORIDE

Disulphurdichloride;
Sulphurmonochloride;
Sulphurisubchloride;
Thiosulphurous dichloride

10025-67-9

10545990

SULPHUR DICHLORIDE

10545-99-0

2551624

SULPHUR HEXAFLUORIDE

Sulphurfluoride
UN1080

2551-62-4

5714227

SULPHUR PENTAFLUORIDE

Disulphurdecafluoride;
Sulphurdecafluoride

5714-22-7

2699798

SULPHURYL FLUORIDE

Sulphuric oxyfluoride
UN2191

2699-79-8

 

Back

Chemical Name

CAS-Number

ICSC Short-Term Exposure

ICSC Long-Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

BROMINE          7726-95-6

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin; lungs

Inhalation: corrosive, burning sensation, cough, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, sore throat

Skin: corrosive, redness, skin burns, pain

Eyes: corrosive, redness, pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: corrosive, abdominal cramps, burning sensation, sore throat, collapse

Resp sys; eyes; CNS; skin Inh; ing; con

Dizz, head; lac, epis; cough, feeling of oppression, pulm edema, pneu; abdom pain, diarr; measle-like eruptions; eye, skin burns

BROMINE PENTAFLUORIDE     7789-30-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

liver; kidneys; resp tract

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, shortness of breath, sore throat

Skin: skin burns, pain, blisters

Eyes: pain, blurred vision, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal pain, burning sensation

Eyes; skin; resp sys; liver; kidneys Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; corn nec; skin burns; cough; dysp, pulm edema; liver, kidney inj

CARBONYL FLUORIDE     353-50-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; skin

blood

Inhalation: cough, laboured breathing, sore throat, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: redness, on contact with liquid: frostbite

Eyes: redness

Eyes; skin; resp sys; bone Inh; con

Irrit eyes, skin, muc memb, resp sys; eye, skin burns; lac; cough; pulm edema, dysp; chronic exposure: GI pain, musc fib, skeletal fluorosis; liq: frostbite

CHLORINE         7782-50-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; skin

lungs

Inhalation: corrosive, burning sensation, cough, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, shortness of breath, sore throat, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: corrosive, skin burns, pain

Eyes: corrosive, pain, blurred vision, severe deep burns

Resp sys, eyes, skin Inh; con

Burning of eyes, nose, mouth; lac, rhin; cough, choking, subs pain; nau, vomit; head, dizz; syncope; pulm edema; pneu; hypox; derm; liq: frostbite

CHLORINE OXIDE     10049-04-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; skin

lungs

Inhalation: corrosive, cough, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, shortness of breath, sore throat, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: corrosive, redness, serious skin burns, pain

Resp sys; eyes Inh; ing (liq); con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; cough, wheez, bron, pulm edema; chronic bron

CHLORINE TRIFLUORIDE     7790-91-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: cough, laboured breathing, sore throat

Skin: corrosive, redness, serious skin burns, pain

Eyes: permanent loss of vision, severe deep burns, blindness

Skin; eyes; resp sys Inh; ing (liq); con

Eye, skin burns (liq or high vap conc); resp irrit; in animals: lac; corn ulcer; pulm edema

FLUORINE         7782-41-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: corrosive, cough, shortness of breath, sore throat, choking

Skin: corrosive, redness, serious skin burns, on contact with liquid: frostbite

Eyes: redness, severe deep burns

Resp sys; eyes; liver; kidneys Inh; con

Irrit eyes, nose, resp sys; lar spasm, bron spasm; pulm edema; eye, skin burns; in animals: liver, kidney damage

HYDROGEN FLUORIDE     7664-39-3

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: cough, laboured breathing, sore throat, symptoms may have delayed effects

Skin: may be adsorbed, serious skin burns

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal pain, diarrhoea, sore throat, vomiting, symptoms may have delayed effects

Eyes; resp sys; skin; bone Inh; abs (liq); ing (soln); con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; pulm edema; eye, skin burns; rhinitis; bron; bone changes

OXYGEN DIFLUORIDE     7783-41-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: cough, laboured breathing, sore throat

Skin: on contact with liquid: frostbite

Resp sys; eyes; skin Inh; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; head; pulm edema; eye, skin burns (from contact with the gas under pressure)

PERCHLORYL FLUORIDE     7616-94-6

resp tract; skin

blood

Inhalation: headache

Skin: on contact with liquid: frostbite

Eyes: severe deep burns

Resp sys; skin; blood Inh; con (liq)

Irrit resp sys; liq: frostbite; in animals: methemo; cyan; weak; dizz, head; pulm edema; pneuitis; anoxia

PHOSGENE       75-44-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

lungs

Inhalation: corrosive, burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, shortness of breath, sore throat

Resp sys; skin; eyes Inh; con (liq)

Irrit eyes; dry, burning throat; vomit; cough, foamy sputum, dysp, chest pain, cyan; liq: frostbite

SULPHUR CHLORIDE     10025-67-9

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; corrosive on ingestion

skin

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, vomiting

Skin: redness, skin burns, burning sensation, pain, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, severe deep burns

Resp sys; skin; eyes Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, muc memb; lac; cough; eye, skin burns; pulm edema

SULPHUR HEXAFLUORIDE     2551-62-4

skin

Skin: on contact with liquid: frostbite

Eyes: corneal damage

Resp sys Inh

Asphy: incr breath rate, pulse rate; slight musc inco, emotional upset; ftg, nau, vomit, convuls

SULPHUR PENTAFLUORIDE     5714-22-7

Resp sys; CNS; eyes; skin Inh; ing; con

Irrit eys, skin, resp sys; in animals: pulm edema, hemorr

 

Back