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104. Guide to Chemicals

 


 

 

Table of Contents

General Profile


Acids, Inorganic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Alcohols

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Alkaline Materials

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Amines, Aliphatic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Azides

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Carbon Monoxide


Epoxy Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Esters, Acrylates

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Ethers

Ethers Tables:

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties

Halogen and Ethers Tables:

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Fluorocarbons

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Glycerols and Glycols

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Heterocyclic Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Hydrocarbons, Aliphatic and Halogenated

Halogenated Saturated Hydrocarbons Tables:

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties

Halogenated Unsaturated Hydrocarbons Tables:

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Hydrocarbons, Aliphatic Unsaturated

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Hydrocarbons, Halogenated Aromatic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Isocyanates

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Nitrocompounds, Aliphatic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Peroxides, Organic and Inorganic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Phosphates, Inorganic and Organic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties

 


 


Acids and Anhydrides, Organic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Aldehydes and Ketals

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Amides

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Aromatic Amino Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Boranes

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Cyano Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Esters, Acetates

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Esters, Alkanoates (except Acetates)

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Glycol Ethers

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Halogens and Their Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Hydrocarbons, Saturated and Alicyclic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


 

Hydrocarbons, Aromatic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Hydrocarbons, Polyaromatic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Ketones

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Nitrocompounds, Aromatic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Phenols and Phenolic Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Phthalates

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Silicon and Organosilicon Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Sulphur Compounds, Inorganic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Sulphur Compounds, Organic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


 


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Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Physical

Chemical

UN Class or Division /  Subsidiary Risks

N-AMINOETHYLPIPERAZINE
140-31-8

8

2-AMINOPYRIDINE
504-29-0

Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air

The substance decomposes on burning producing toxic gases and vapours including nitrous oxides • Reacts with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard • The substance is a strong base that is soluble in water

6.1

BENZOGUANAMINE
91-76-9

6.1

3,6-DICHLOROPICOLINIC ACID
1702-17-6

The substance decomposes on burning producing toxic and corrosive gases • Reacts with bases forming salts • Solutions of them are corrosive to aluminum, iron, and tin

2-MERCAPTOBENZOTHIAZOLE
149-30-4

On combustion, forms toxic gases (carbon monoxide and sulphur compounds) • The substance decomposes on heating and on burning producing toxic and irritating fumes (sulphur and nitrogen oxides) • Reacts with acids with the formation of highly toxic fumes of sulphur compounds • Reacts with acids or acid fumes producing toxic fumes (sulphur compounds)

2-MERCAPTOBENZOTHIAZOLE DISULPHIDE
120-78-5

On combustion, forms toxic gases: carbon, sulphur and nitrogen oxides • Reacts with strong oxidants and acids

2-METHYLPYRIDINE
109-06-8

The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic fumes (nitrogen oxides) • Reacts with oxidants and strong acids • Attacks copper and its alloys

3

3-METHYLPYRIDINE
108-99-6

The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic fumes (nitrogen oxides) • Reacts with oxidants and strong acids

3

4-METHYLPYRIDINE
108-89-4

The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic fumes (nitrogen oxides) • Reacts with oxidants and strong acids

3

1-METHYL-2-PYRROLIDONE
872-50-4

The substance decomposes on heating above 315 °C producing toxic fumes • Reacts with strong acids • Attacks aluminium

MORPHOLINE
110-91-8

The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic fumes (nitrogen oxides) • The substance is a weak base • Reacts with strong oxidants causing fire hazard • Attacks copper and its compounds

3

NICOTINE
54-11-5

The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic fumes • Reacts violently with strong oxidants • Attacks rubber and some plastics

NICOTINE TARTRATE
65-31-6

Shock-sensitive compounds are formed with this substance • The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic fumes • The substance is a strong reducing agent and reacts with oxidants

6.1

PHENOTHIAZINE
92-84-2

The substance decomposes on heating and on burning producing toxic and irritating fumes including nitrogen oxides and sulphur oxides

PHENYLENEPYRENE
193-39-5

Upon heating, toxic fumes are formed

PIPERAZINE
110-85-0

8

PIPERIDINE
110-89-4

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

The substance decomposes on heating and on burning producing toxic gases such as nitrogen oxides • The substance is a medium strong base • Reacts violently with oxidants

3/ 8

PROPYLENE IMINE
75-55-8

3

PYRIDINE
110-86-1

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

On combustion, forms toxic fumes (amines) • The substance decomposes on heating or on burning producing toxic fumes (nitrogen oxides and hydrogen cyanide) • Reacts violently with strong oxidants and strong acids

3

PYRROLIDINE
123-75-1

3/ 8

2-PYRROLIDINONE
616-45-5

The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic fumes • Reacts with strong acids cf • methylpyrrolidone • Attacks aluminium

QUINOLINE
91-22-5

The substance decomposes on heating and on burning producing toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides • Reacts with strong oxidants and maleine anhydride

6.1

TETRAHYDROTHIOPHENE
110-01-0

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

On combustion, forms toxic fumes • Reacts violently with strong oxidants and nitric acid • Attacks rubber

3

THIOPHENE
110-02-1

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible • As a result of flow, agitation, etc, electrostatic charges can be generated

The substance decomposes on heating and on burning producing toxic and irritating fumes (sulphur oxides) • Reacts violently with oxidizing materials, including fuming nitric acid

3

2-VINYLPYRIDINE
100-69-6

6.1/ 3

For UN Class: 1.5 = very insensitive substances which have a mass explosion hazard; 2.1 = flammable gas; 2.3 = toxic gas; 3 = flammable liquid; 4.1 = flammable solid; 4.2 = substance liable to spontaneous combustion; 4.3 = substance which in contact with water emits flammable gases; 5.1 = oxidizing substance; 6.1 = toxic; 7 = radioactive; 8 = corrosive substance

 

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Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Colour/Form

Boiling Point ( °C)

Melting Point ( °C)

Molecular Weight

Solubility in Water

Relative Density (water=1)

Relative Vapour Density (air=1)

Vapour Pressure/ (Kpa)

Inflam.
Limits

Flash Point (°C)

Auto Ignition Point ( °C)

ACRIDINE
260-94-6

rhombohedral needles or prisms from alcohol; monoclinic, orthorhombic; small colourless needles; orthorhombic plates, needles from diluted alcohol; small, colourless or faintly yellow crystals

346

111

179.21

sl sol

1.005

@ 129 °C

N-AMINOETHYL­PIPERAZINE
140-31-8

liquid

220

-17.6

129.2

sol

0.9837

4.4

93 oc

2-AMINOPYRIDINE
504-29-0

white leaflets or large colourless crystals; white powder or crystals

211

58

94.11

misc

3.25

0.13

68 cc

BENZOGUANAMINE
91-76-9

crystals

227

187.20

0.6%

@ 25 °C/4 °C

1,2,3-BENZOTRIAZOLE
95-14-7

needles from benzene; white to light tan, crystalline powder

@ 15 mm Hg

98.5

119.12

sl sol

COUMARIN
91-64-5

rhomboid, pyramidal crystals from ether; orthorhombic, rectangular plates; white, crystalline solid

301.72

71

146.14

1 g/ 400 ml (cold)

0.935 at 20/4 °C

1 mm Hg at 106.0 °C

3,4,5,6-DIBENZO­CARBAZOLE
194-59-2

needles from ethanol

158

267.34

3,6-DICHLORO­PICOLINIC ACID
1702-17-6

white crystalline solid; colourless crystals

151-152

192.0

@ 25 °C

0.8

0.003 Pa

N-ETHYLMORPHOLINE
100-74-3

colourless liquid

138.5

-62.78

115.2

misc

0.8996

4.0

@ 20 °C

2-MERCAPTO­BENZOTHIAZOLE
149-30-4

pale, yellow monoclinic needles or leaflets; yellowish powder; needles from alc or dilute methanol; yellowish to tan crystalline powder

181

167.2

insol

1.42

2-MERCAPTO­BENZOTHIAZOLE ­DISULPHIDE
120-78-5

pale yellow needles from benzene; free-flowing powder

180

332.46

insol

1.50

1-METHYL-2-­PYRROLIDONE
872-50-4

colourless liquid

202

24

99.13

v sol

@ 25 °C/ 25 °C

3.4

@ 25 °C

0.99 ll
3.9 ul

91

270

N-METHYLMORPHOLINE
109-02-4

115-116

101.14

sol

0.9051

2-METHYLPYRIDINE
109-06-8

colourless liquid

129

-70

93.12

v sol

0.9443

3.2

1.2

1.4 ll
8.6 ul

39

535

3-METHYLPYRIDINE
108-99-6

colourless liquid

143-144

-18.3

93.12

misc

@ 15 °C/4 °C

3.2

@ 25 °C

1.3 ll
8.7 ul

38 cc

4-METHYLPYRIDINE
108-89-4

colourless liquid

145

3.6

93.12

misc

0.9548

3.2

@ 25 °C

1.3 ll
8.7 ul

57 oc

MORPHOLINE
110-91-8

colourless liquid; mobile liquid

128.9

-4.9

87.12

misc

1.0007

3

1.06

2.0 ll
11.2 ul

38 oc

310

NICOTINE
54-11-5

colourless to pale yellow, oily liquid; thick, water-white, oil turning brown

@ 745 mm Hg

-79

162.23

misc

1.0097

5.61

@ 62 °C

0.7 ll
4.0 ul

95

244

NICOTINE TARTRATE
65-31-6

white plates

90

462.46

sol

N-NITROSONOR­NICOTINE
16543-55-8

yellow oil

@ 0.2 mm Hg

47

177.23

@ 154 °C

PHENAZOPYRIDINE
94-78-0

brownish-yellow crystals

139

213.25

@ 25 °C (est)

@ 25 °C

PHENOTHIAZINE
92-84-2

yellow, rhombic leaflets or diamond-shaped plates from toluene or butanol; yellow prisms from alcohol; grayish-­green to greenish yellow powder, granules or flakes

371

185.1

186.26

insol

PHENYLENEPYRENE
193-39-5

yellow plates or needles from light petroleum

530

162.5-164

insol

1.0x10- 10 torr

PIPERAZINE
110-85-0

plates or leaflets from ethanol; white to slightly off-white lumps or flakes; colourless, transparent, needle-like crystals

146

106

86.14

v sol

1.1

3.0

81 oc

PIPERAZINE DIHYDROCHLORIDE
142-64-3

cream coloured crystalline powder; white needles

159.07

41%

PIPERIDINE
110-89-4

clear, colourless liquid

@ 760 mm Hg

-7

85.15

v sol

0.8622

3.0

@ 29.2 °C

16 cc

1,3-PROPANE SULTONE
1120-71-4

colourless liquid or white crystals

@ 0.039 atm.

31

122.1

100 g/l

@ 40 °C/4 °C

PROPYLENE IMINE
75-55-8

colourless, oily liquid

66

-65

57.1

sol

@ 16 °C/4 °C

2.0

14.9

-39 cc

PYRIDINE
110-86-1

colourless liquid; slightly yellow

115.2

-42

79.10

misc

0.9819

2.73

2.0

1.8 ll
12.4 ul

17 cc

482

PYRIMIDINE
289-95-2

123.8

22

80.09

misc

PYRROLIDINE
123-75-1

colourless to pale yellow liquid

88.5-89

-57.8

71.12

misc

@ 22.5 °C/4 °C

2.45

@ 39 °C

@ -2°C

2-PYRROLIDINONE
616-45-5

liquid

@742 mm Hg

25

85.1

v sol

1.120

2.93

110 cc

QUINOLINE
91-22-5

colourless to brown liquid

237.7

-15

129.16

insol

1.0929

4.45

0.1

1.2 ll
7 ul

99

480

SULPHOLANE
126-33-0

white or creamy white, crystalline powder

285

27.4-27.8

120.16

misc

@ 30 °C/4 °C

@ 27.6 °C

177 oc

TETRAHYDRO­THIOPHENE
110-01-0

water-white liquid

121.0

-96.1

88.2

insol

0.9987

3.05

@ 25 °C

1.1 ll
12.1 ul

12

200

THIOPHENE
110-02-1

colourless liquid

84.16

-38.25

84.14

insol

1.06494

2.9

@ 12.5 °C

-1

2-VINYLPYRIDINE
100-69-6

colourless liquid

159-160

159-160

105.1

sl sol

0.9983

@ 44.5 °C

 

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Chemical Formula

Chemical

Synonyms
UN Code

CAS-Number

106978

BUTANE

n-Butane;
Diethyl;
Methylethylmethane
UN1011

106-97-8

110827

CYCLOHEXANE

Hexahydrobenzene;
Hexamethylene;
Hexanaphthene
UN1145

110-82-7

287923

CYCLOPENTANE

Pentamethylene
UN1146

287-92-3

75194

CYCLOPROPANE

Trimethylene
UN1027

75-19-4

124185

DECANE

UN2247

124-18-5

75832

2,2-DIMETHYLBUTANE

75-83-2

79298

2,3-DIMETHYLBUTANE

2,3-Dimethylbutane
UN2457

79-29-8

463821

2,2-DIMETHYLPROPANE

Neopentane
UN2044

463-82-1

74840

ETHANE

Bimethyl;
Dimethyl;
Ethyl hydride;
Methylmethane
UN1035
UN1961

74-84-0

142825

HEPTANE

Dipropyl methane;
n-Heptane;
Heptyl hydride
UN1206

142-82-5

110543

HEXANE

n-Hexane;
Hexyl hydride
UN1208

110-54-3

75285

ISOBUTANE

Propane, 2-methyl-
UN1969

75-28-5

107835

ISOHEXANE

107-83-5

78784

2-METHYLBUTANE

Ethyldimethylmethane;
Isoamylhydride;
Isopentane;
Isopentane
UN1265

78-78-4

108872

METHYLCYCLOHEXANE

Cyclohexylmethane;
Hexahydrotoluene;
Toluene hexahydride
UN2296

108-87-2

592278

2-METHYLHEPTANE

592-27-8

96140

3-METHYLPENTANE

96-14-0

111842

NONANE

n-Nonane

111-84-2

111659

OCTANE

n-Octane
UN1262

111-65-9

109660

PENTANE

UN1265

109-66-0

74986

PROPANE

Dimethylmethane;
Propyl hydride
UN1978

74-98-6

540841

2,2,4-TRIMETHYLPENTANE

Isobutyltrimethylmethane;
Isooctane

540-84-1

 

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Chemical Name    

CAS-Number

ICSC Short-Term Exposure

ICSC Long-Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

BUTANE            106-97-8

Inhalation: drowsiness

Skin: on contact with liquid: frostbite

Eyes: on contact with liquid: frostbite

CNS inh; con (liq)

Drow, narco, asphy; liq: frostbite

CYCLOHEXANE  110-82-7

eyes; skin; upper resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: dizziness, headache, nausea

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Eyes; resp sys; skin; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; drow; derm; narco, coma

CYCLOPENTANE     287-92-3

eyes; skin; upper resp tract; lungs; CNS

skin

Inhalation: dizziness, headache, nausea, unconsciousness, weakness

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: abdominal pain, diarrhoea, dizziness, nausea, sore throat

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eys, skin, nose, throat; li-head, dizz, euph, inco, nau, vomit, stupor; dry, cracking skin

DECANE            124-18-5

lungs

skin; kidneys; blood

Inhalation: confusion, drowsiness

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

ETHANE            74-84-0

skin

Inhalation: simple axphyxiant.

Skin: on contact with liquid: frostbite

Eyes: on contact with liquid: frosbite

HEPTANE          142-82-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS

skin

Inhalation: dullness, headache

Skin: dry skin, burning sensation

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting

Skin; resp sys; CNS Inh; ing; con

Li-head, gidd, stupor, verti, inco; loss of appetite, nau; derm; chemical pneu (aspir liq); uncon

HEXANE            110-54-3

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS; liver

skin; PNS; genes

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, dullness, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, unconsciousness, weakness

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Skin; eyes; resp sys; CNS; PNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose; li-head; nau, head; peri neur: numb extremities, musc weak; derm; gidd; chemical pneu (aspir liq)

2-METHYLBUTANE          78-78-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; heart

skin

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, shortness of breath, sore throat, irregular heartbeat

Skin: dry skin, defats the skin redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting

METHYLCYCLOHEXANE     108-87-2

lungs; CNS

skin

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: nausea

Resp sys; skin; eyes; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; li-head, drow; in animals: narco

2-METHYLHEPTANE     592-27-8

skin

Skin: redness

OCTANE            111-65-9

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: confusion, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, unconsciousness

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness, painIngestion: vomiting

Skin; eyes; resp sys; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose; drow; derm; chemical pneu (aspir liq); in animals: narco

PENTANE          109-66-0

lungs; CNS

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, headache, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting

Skin: dry skin

Skin; eyes; resp sys; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose; derm; chemical pneu (aspir liq); drow; in animals: narco

PROPANE          74-98-6

skin

Inhalation: simple axphyxiant.

Skin: on contact with liquid: frostbite

Eyes: on contact with liquid: frosbite

CNS Inh; con (liq)

Dizz, conf, excitation, asphy; liq: frostbite

2,2,4-TRIMETHYLPENTANE     540-84-1

eyes; skin; resp tract; kidneys; liver

skin; kidneys; liver

Inhalation: confusion, dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting

Skin: redness, pain

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: vomiting

 

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Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Physical

Chemical

UN Class or Division /  Subsidiary Risks

BUTANE
106-97-8

The gas is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible, and may accumulate in low ceiling spaces causing deficiency of oxygen

On combustion, forms toxic gases; COx

2.1

CYCLOHEXANE
110-82-7

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible • As a result of flow, agitation, etc, electrostatic charges can be generated

3

CYCLOPENTANE
287-92-3

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible • As a result of flow, agitation, etc, electrostatic charges can be generated

3

CYCLOPROPANE
75-19-4

2.1

DECANE
124-18-5

Can react with oxidizing materials

3

2,3-DIMETHYLBUTANE
79-29-8

3

ETHANE
74-84-0

The gas mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed

On combustion, forms toxic gases

2.1

HEPTANE
142-82-5

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible • If dry, it can be charged electrostatically by swirling, pneumatic transport, pouring, etc

Reacts violently with strong oxidants • Attacks many plastics

3

HEXANE
110-54-3

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

Reacts with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard

3

ISOBUTANE
75-28-5

2.1

2-METHYLBUTANE
78-78-4

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible • As a result of flow, agitation, etc, electrostatic charges can be generated

May explode on heating • On combustion, forms acrid smoke and irritating fumes • Reacts violently with oxidants

3

METHYLCYCLOHEXANE
108-87-2

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible • As a result of flow, agitation, etc, electrostatic charges can be generated

Reacts violently with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard

3

2-METHYLHEPTANE
592-27-8

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

Upon heating, toxic fumes are formed • Reacts with oxidants

3-METHYLPENTANE
96-14-0

3

NONANE
111-84-2

3

OCTANE
111-65-9

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible • As a result of flow, agitation, etc, electrostatic charges can be generated

Reacts with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard • Attacks some forms of plastics, rubber and coatings

3

PENTANE
109-66-0

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

On combustion, forms toxic gases of carbon oxides • Reacts with strong oxidants (eg, peroxides, nitrates and perchlorates), causing fire and explosion hazard • Attacks some forms of plastics, rubber and coatings

3

PROPANE
74-98-6

The gas is heavier than air, and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible • May accumulate in low ceiling spaces causing deficiency of oxygen

On combustion, forms toxic fumes

2.1

2,2,4-TRIMETHYLPENTANE
540-84-1

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible • As a result of flow, agitation, etc, electrostatic charges can be generated

Heating may cause violent combustion or explosion • Reacts with strong oxidants

3

For UN Class: 1.5 = very insensitive substances which have a mass explosion hazard; 2.1 = flammable gas; 2.3 = toxic gas; 3 = flammable liquid; 4.1 = flammable solid; 4.2 = substance liable to spontaneous combustion; 4.3 = substance which in contact with water emits flammable gases; 5.1 = oxidizing substance; 6.1 = toxic; 7 = radioactive; 8 = corrosive substance

 

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Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Colour/Form

Boiling Point (ºC)

Melting Point (ºC)

Molecular Weight

Solubility in Water

Relative Density (water=1)

Relative Vapour Density (air=1)

Vapour Pressure/ (Kpa)

Inflam.
Limits

Flash Point (ºC)

Auto Ignition Point (ºC)

BUTANE
106-97-8

colourless gas

-0.5

-138

58.12

sol

0.5788

@ 0 ºC

@ 21.1 ºC

1.6 ll
8.4 ul

flamm­able gas

287

CYCLOHEXANE
110-82-7

colourless mobile liquid

80.7

6.5

84.2

insol

0.778

2.98

12.7

1.3 ll
8.4 ul

-18 cc

260

CYCLOPENTANE
287-92-3

colourless liquid

49

-94

70.2

insol

0.7457

2.42

45

1.1 ll
8.7 ul

-37 cc

361

CYCLOPROPANE
75-19-4

colourless gas

-33

-127.6

42.08

sol

@ 0 ºC

1.88

2.4 ll
10.3 ul

497

DECANE
124-18-5

colourless liquid

174.1

-29.7

142.3

insol

0.7300

4.90

@ 25 ºC

0.8 ll
5.4 ul

46 cc

210

2,2-DIMETHYLBUTANE
75-83-2

colourless liquid

49.7

-99.9

86.2

insol

0.6485

3.0

@ 31.0 ºC

1.2 ll
7.0 ul

-48 cc

405

2,3-DIMETHYLBUTANE
79-29-8

colourless liquid

58.0

-128.53

86.2

insol

0.6616

3.0

@ 39.0 ºC

1.2 ll
7.0 ul

-29 cc

405

2,2-DIMETHYLPROPANE
463-82-1

liquid or gas

9.5

-16.6

72.15

insol

0.613

2.5

@ 21 ºC

1.4 ll
7.5 ul

<-7

450

ETHANE
74-84-0

colourless gas

-89

-183

30.1

@ 25 ºC

@ 0 ºC/4 ºC

1.04

3850

3.0. ll
12.5 ul

flamm­able gas

472

HEPTANE
142-82-5

liquid

98

-90

100.2

insol

0.68

3.46

4.8

1.1 ll
6.7 ul

-1

215

HEXANE
110-54-3

colourless liquid

69

-95

86.2

insol

0.66

2.97

16

1.1 ll
7.5 ul

-22 cc

240

ISOBUTANE
75-28-5

colourless gas

-11.63

-138.3

58.12

sl sol

0.5572

2.0

1.8 ll
8.4 ul

ISOHEXANE
107-83-5

colourless liquid

60

-153.7

86.2

insol

0.6532

3.00

@1.6 ºC

1.2 ll
7.0 ul

<-7 cc

306

2-METHYLBUTANE
78-78-4

colourless liquid

28

-159.9

72.15

insol

0.6201

2.48

79

1.4 ll
7.6 ul

<-51cc

420

METHYLCYCLOHEXANE
108-87-2

colourless liquid

100.9

-126.6

98.2

insol

0.7694

3.39

@ 25 ºC

1.2 ll
6.7 ul

-6 oc

258

2-METHYLHEPTANE
592-27-8

liquid

116

-109

114.2

insol

0.6980

3.9

@ 38 ºC

1.0 ll
? ul

44

3-METHYLPENTANE
96-14-0

colourless liquid

63.2

-163

86.2

insol

0.6645

3.0

1.2 ll
7.0 ul

NONANE
111-84-2

colourless liquid

150.8

-51

128.3

insol

0.7176

4.41

@ 25 ºC

0.8 ll
2.9 ul

OCTANE
111-65-9

colourless liquid

125.6

-56.8

114.22

insol

0.7028

3.86

1.47

1.0 ll
6.5 ul

13 cc

220

PENTANE
109-66-0

colourless liquid

36.0

-130

72.15

sl sol

0.6262

2.49

56.8

1.5 ll
7.8 ul

-49 cc

309

PROPANE
74-98-6

colourless gas

-42.1

-189.7

44.09

sol

@ -45 ºC/4 ºC

@ 0 ºC

@ 25 ºC

2.1 ll
9.5 ul

flamm­able gas

450

2,2,4-TRIMETHYL­PENTANE
540-84-1

mobile liquid; colourless liquid

99.2

-107

114.22

insol

0.6919

3.93

5.1

1.1 ll
6.0 ul

45 oc

417

 

Back

Chemical Formula

Chemical

Synonyms
UN Code

CAS-Number

79276

ACETYLENE TETRABROMIDE

Muthmann's liquid;
TBE;
Tetrabromoacetylene;
sym-Tetrabromoethane;
1,1,2,2-Tetrabromoethane

79-27-6

109659

1-BROMOBUTANE

1-Bromobutane;
n-Butyl bromide
UN 1126

109-65-9

107040

1-BROMO-2-CHLOROETHANE

107-04-0

75252

BROMOFORM

Methenyl tribromide;
Methyl tribromide;
Tribromomethane
UN2515

75-25-2

558134

CARBON TETRABROMIDE

Carbon bromide;
Methane tetrabromide;
Tetrabromomethane
UN2516

558-13-4

56235

CARBON TETRACHLORIDE

Benzinoform;
Tetrachlorocarbon;
Tetrachloromethane
UN1846

56-23-5

74975

CHLOROBROMOMETHANE

Bromochloromethane;
Halon 1011;
Methylene chlorobromide;
Mono-chloro-mono-bromo-methane
UN1887

74-97-5

109706

1-CHLORO-3-BROMOPROPANE

1-Bromo-3-chloropropane;
3-Bromopropyl chloride;
3-Chloropropyl bromide;
Trimethylene bromide chloride;
Trimethylene chlorobromide
UN2688

109-70-6

109693

1-CHLOROBUTANE

Butyl chloride;
n-Butyl chloride;
n-Propylcarbinyl chloride

109-69-3

67663

CHLOROFORM

Methane trichloride;
Methyl trichloride;
Trichloroform;
Trichloromethane
UN1888

67-66-3

75296

2-CHLOROPROPANE

Isopropylchloride
UN2356

75-29-6

507200

2-CHLORO-2-METHYLPROPANE

tert-Butyl chloride;
2-Chloroisobutane;
Trimethylchloromethane

507-20-0

96128

1,2-DIBROMO-3-CHLOROPROPANE

1-Chloro-2,3-dibromopropane;
3-Chloro-1,2-dibromopropane;
Dibromochloropropane;
1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane
UN2872

96-12-8

74953

DIBROMOMETHANE

Dibromomethane ;
Methylene bromide;
Methylene dibromide
UN2664

74-95-3

75343

1,1-DICHLOROETHANE

Chlorinated hydrochloric ether;
1,1-Dichlorethane;
Ethylidene chloride;
Ethylidene dichloride
UN2362

75-34-3

78999

1,1-DICHLOROPROPANE

Propylidene chloride

78-99-9

78875

1,2-DICHLOROPROPANE

a,b-Dichloropropane;
Propylene chloride;
Propylene dichloride
UN1279

78-87-5

142289

1,3-DICHLOROPROPANE

Trimethylene dichloride

142-28-9

74964

ETHYL BROMIDE

Bromic ether;
Bromoethane;
Ethyl bromide;
Hydrobromic ether
UN1891

74-96-4

75003

ETHYL CHLORIDE

Chloroethane;
Chlorethyl;
Ether chloridum;
Hydrochloric ether;
Monochloroethane
UN1037

75-00-3

75036

ETHYL IODIDE

Hydriodic ether;
Iodoethane

75-03-6

106934

ETHYLENE DIBROMIDE

Dibromoethane;
sym-Dibromoethane;
1,2-Dibromoethane
UN1605

106-93-4

107062

ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE

1,2-Dichloroethane;
1,2-DCE;
1 Dichloremulsion;
1,2-Dichlorethane;
Dichloroethylene;
Propyl chloride
UN1184

107-06-2

76448

HEPTACHLOR

Heptachlorane;
3,4,5,6,7,8,8-Heptachlorodicyclo­pentadiene;
1,4,5,6,7,10,10-Heptachloro-­4,7,8,9-tetrahydro-­4,7-methyleneindene

76-44-8

608731

HEXACHLOROCYCLOHEXANE

Benzene hexachloride;
Hexachlor;
1,2,3,4,5,6-Hexachlorocyclohexane

608-73-1

319846

a-HEXACHLOROCYCLOHEXANE

a-Benzenehexachloride;
ENT 9,232;
a-HCH;
a-Hexachlorane;
a-1,2,3,4,5,6-Hexachlorocyclohexane

319-84-6

319857

b-HEXACHLOROCYCLOHEXANE

trans-a-Benzenehexachloride;
b-isomer;
Cyclohexane, b-1,2,3,4,5,6-Hexachloro-;
1-a,2-b,3-a,4-b,5-a,6-b-Hexachlorocyclohexane

319-85-7

319868

d-HEXACHLOROCYCLOHEXANE

d-1,2,3,4,5,6-Hexachlorocyclohexane;
1-a,2-a,3-a,4-b,5-a,6-b-Hexachlorocyclohexane;
d-Lindane

319-86-8

67721

HEXACHLOROETHANE

Ethane hexachloride;
Ethylene hexachloride;
Hexachlorethane;
Hexachloroethane;
1,1,1,2,2,2-Hexachloroethane;
Perchloroethane

67-72-1

75478

IODOFORM

Triiodomethane

75-47-8

513360

ISOBUTYL CHLORIDE

513-36-0

108236

ISOPROPYL CHLOROFORMATE

108-23-6

74839

METHYL BROMIDE

Bromomethane;
Metafume;
Methogas monobromomethane
UN1062

74-83-9

74873

METHYL CHLORIDE

Methyl chloride;
Monochloromethane
UN1063

74-87-3

74884

METHYL IODIDE

Iodomethane
UN2644

74-88-4

75092

METHYLENE CHLORIDE

Dichloromethane;
Methane dichloride;
Methylene dichloride
UN1593

75-09-2

76017

PENTACHLOROETHANE

Ethane pentachloride
UN1669

76-01-7

25322207

TETRACHLOROETHANE

Tetrachloroethane
UN1702

25322-20-7

630206

1,1,1,2-TETRACHLOROETHANE

630-20-6

79345

1,1,2,2-TETRACHLOROETHANE

1,1-Dichloro-2,2-dichloroethane;
Tetrachlorethane;
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane

79-34-5

71556

1,1,1-TRICHLOROETHANE

Chloroethene;
Methylchloroform;
Methyltrichloromethane;
Trichloroethane;
a-Trichloroethane;
Trichloromethylmethane
UN2831

71-55-6

79005

1,1,2-TRICHLOROETHANE

Ethane trichloride;
Vinyl trichloride

79-00-5

96184

1,2,3-TRICHLOROPROPANE

Allyl trichloride;
Glycerol trichlorohydrin;
Trichlorohydrin

96-18-4

 

Back

Chemical Name    

CAS-Number

ICSC Short-Term Exposure

ICSC Long-Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

BROMOFORM     75-25-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; may effect CNS; liver; kidneys; heart; blood

skin

Inhalation: reddening of the face, salivation, disturbance of movements, convulsions, cough, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, unconsciousness, loss of memory, shock, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: burning sensation

Eyes; skin; liver; kidneys; resp sys; CNS Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; CNS depres; liver, kidney damage

CARBON TETRABROMIDE     558-13-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS; liver; kidneys

liver

Inhalation: sore throat, cough, laboured breathing, dullness, drowsiness, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: redness, pain, serious skin burns

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: sore throat, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, dullness

Eyes; skin; resp sys; kidneys; liver Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; lac; lung, liver, kidney inj; in animals: corn damage

CARBON TETRACHLORIDE     56-23-5

eyes; CNS; liver; kidneys

skin; CNS

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, headache, nausea

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, pain

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, diarrhoea

CNS; eyes; lungs; liver; kidneys; skin (in animals: liver cancer) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin; CNS depres; nau, vomit; liver, kidney inj; drow, dizz, inco; (carc)

CHLOROBROMOMETHANE     74-97-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

kidneys; liver

Inhalation: confusion, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, unconsciousnessSkin: dry skin, redness, roughnessEyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Skin; liver; kidneys; resp sys; eyes; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, throat; conf, dizz, CNS depres; pulm edema

CHLOROFORM   67-66-3

eyes; skin; resp tract; may effect CNS; CVS; GI tract; liver; kidneys

skin

Inhalation: cough, drowsiness, headache, nausea

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, pain

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, vomiting

Liver; kidneys; heart; eyes; skin; CNS (in animals: liver & kidney cancer) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin; dizz, mental dullness, nau, conf; head, ftg; anes; enlarged liver; (carc)

2-CHLORO-2-METHYLPROPANE          507-20-0

Eyes; skin; resp sys

1,2-DIBROMO-3-CHLORO­PROPANE          96-12-8

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; liver; kidneys

liver; kidneys

Inhalation: extremely irritating, burning sensation, cough, headache, shortness of breath, sore throat, weakness

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: burning sensation, nausea, sore throat, vomiting

CNS; skin; liver; kidneys; spleen; repro system; GI tract; resp sys; digestive sys (in animals: cancer of the nasal cavity, tongue, pharynx, lungs, stomach, adrenal & mammary glands) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; drow; nau, vomit; pulm edema; liver, kidney inj; sterility; (carc)

DIBROMOETHANE          74-95-3

eyes; skin; resp tract; may effect CNS; kidneys; liver

skin

Inhalation: dizziness, respiratory failure, nausea, headache, vomiting, narcosis.diarrhoea, dullness

Skin: may be absorbed, dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: gastro-intestinal irritation

1,2-DIBROMOETHANE     106-93-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

lungs; liver; kidneys; carcinogenic to humans; human reproduction

Inhalation: Burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, shortness of breath, unconsciousness.

Skin: May be absorbed! Pain., redness, blisters

Eyes: Pain, redness, severe deep burns.

Ingestion: Abdominal cramps, confusion, diarrhoea, headache (further see Inhalation).

Resp sys; liver; kidneys; skin; eyes; repro sys (in animals: skin & lung tumors) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; derm with vesic; liver, heart, spleen, kidney damage; repro effects; (carc)

1,1-DICHLOROETHANE    75-34-3

eyes; resp tract; CNS

skin; liver; kidneys

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, dullness, nausea, unconsciousness

Skin: dry skin, roughness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: burning sensation

Skin; liver; kidneys; lungs; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit skin; CNS depres; liver, kidney, lung damage

1,1-DICHLOROPROPANE 78-99-9

aerosol irritates eyes and skin

Skin: redness, pain

1,2-DICHLOROPROPANE 78-87-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; nervous system

dermatitis; liver ; blood; malformations in human babies

Inhalation: Anorexia, diarrhoea, drowsiness, headache, sore throat.

Skin: Dry skin, redness, pain.

Eyes: Redness, pain.

Ingestion: Abdominal pain, diarrhoea, drowsiness, headache, nausea, vomiting.

Eyes; skin; resp sys; liver; kidneys; CNS (in animals: liver & mammary gland tumors) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; drow, li-head; liver, kidney damage; in animals: CNS depres; (carc)

1,3-DICHLOROPROPANE 142-28-9

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; may effect blood; CNS; liver

skin

Skin: redness, pain

ETHYL BROMIDE            74-96-4

Skin; liver; kidneys; resp sys; CVS; CNS; eyes Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; CNS depres; pulm edema; liver, kidney disease; card arrhy, card arrest

ETHYL CHLORIDE           75-00-3

Inhalation: abdominal cramps, dizziness, dullness, headache

Skin: may be absorbed, on contact with liquid: frostbite

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Liver; kidneys; resp sys; CVS Inh; abs (liq); ing (liq); con

Inco, inebri; abdom cramps; card arrhy, card arrest; liver, kidney damage

ETHYL IODIDE   75-03-6

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS; kidneys; thyroid; liver

Inhalation: unpleasant taste, confusion, cough, drowsiness, shortness of breath, unconsciousness, pain in extremities

Skin: may be absorbed, skin burns, blisters

Eyes: vapour will be absorbed, severe deep burns

ETHYLENE DIBROMIDE   106-93-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

lungs; liver; kidneys; reproduction system

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, shortness of breath, unconsciousness

Skin: may be absorbed, pain, redness, blisters

Eyes: pain, redness, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, confusion, diarrhoea, headache

Resp sys; liver; kidneys; skin; eyes; repro sys (in animals: skin & lung tumors) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; derm with vesic; liver, heart, spleen, kidney damage; repro effects; (carc)

ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE  107-06-2

Kidneys; liver; eyes; skin;CNS; CVS (in animals: forestomach, mammary gland & circulatory sys cancer) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, corn opac; CNS depres; nau, vomit; derm; liver, kidney, CVS damage; (carc)

HEXACHLOROCYCLOHEXANE     608-73-1

eyes; skin; resp tract; may effect CNS

skin; CNS; bone marrow; liver; sex hormones; genitalia

Inhalation: confusion, dizziness, headache, vomiting, weakness, irritability, tremors, paresthesia

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: dizziness, drowsiness, laboured breathing, vomiting, tremors, muscles spasms, convulsions, depression

a-HEXACHLOROCYCLOHEXANE     319-84-6

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

blood; liver

Inhalation: weakness, tremors

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: diarrhoea, dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting

b-HEXACHLOROCYCLOHEXANE     319-85-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

blood; liver; kidneys

Inhalation: weakness, tremors, convulsions

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: diarrhoea, dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting

HEXACHLOROETHANE    67-72-1

CNS

liver; kidneys; CNS

Skin: may be absorbed

Eyes; skin; resp sys; kidneys (in animals: liver cancer) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, muc memb; in animals: kidney damage; (carc)

ISOBUTYL CHLORIDE     513-36-0

eyes; skin; resp tract; may effect CNS

ISOPROPYL CHLOROFORMATE          108-23-6

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

lungs

METHYL BROMIDE          74-83-9

eyes; resp tract; lungs; may effect CNS

skin; lungs; CNS; liver; kidneys; brain

Inhalation: dizziness, headache, abdominal pain, chest pain, vomiting, weakness, hallucinations, loss of speech, incoordination, laboured breathing, lungs oedema, convulsions

Skin: may be absorbed, itching, tingling, burning sensation, redness, blisters, pain, on contact with liquid: frostbite

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision, temporary loss of vision, blindness for 12 hours

CNS; resp sys; skin; eyes (in animals: lung, kidney & forestomach tumors) Inh; abs (liq); con (liq)

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; musc weak, inco, vis dist, verti; nau, vomit, head; mal; hand tremor; convuls; dysp; skin vesic; liq: frostbite; (carc)

METHYL CHLORIDE        74-87-3

CNS: resulting in brain damage; liver; kidneys; bone marrow

Inhalation: confusion, diarrhoea, dizziness, headache, staggering gait, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting, convulsions and respiratory failure

Skin: may be absorbed, on contact with liquid: frostbite

CNS; liver; kidneys; repro sys (in animals: lung, kidney & forestomach tumors) Inh; con (liq)

Dizz, nau, vomit; vis dist, stagger, slurred speech, convuls, coma; liver, kidney damage; liq: frostbite; repro, terato effects; (carc)

METHYL IODIDE 74-88-4

CNS; skin; eyes; repro sys (in animals: lung, kidney & forestomach tumors) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; nau, vomit; verti, ataxia; slurred speech, drow; derm; (carc)

METHYLENE CHLORIDE  75-09-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin; CNS; liver; brain

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, headache, nausea, unconsciousness, weakness, death

Skin: dry skin, redness, burning sensation

Eyes: redness, pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal pain

skin; CVS; eyes; CNS (in animals: lung, liver, salivary & mammary gland tumors) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin; ftg, weak, som, li-head, numb tingle limbs; nau; (carc)

1,1,2,2-TETRACHLOROETHANE   79-34-5

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin; liver; kidneys; CNS

Skin; liver; kidneys; CNS; GI tract ( in animals: liver tumors) Inh; abs; ing; con

Nau, vomit, abdom pain; tremor fingers; jaun, hepatitis, liver tend; derm; monocy; kidney damage; (carc)

1,1,1-TRICHLOROETHANE     71-55-6

eyes; skin; resp tract; inhalation may cause shortness of breath; may effect CNS; liver; kidneys

skin; liver; kidneys

Skin; CVS; CNS; eyes; liver Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin; head, lass, CNS depres, poor equi; derm; card arrhy; liver damage

1,1,2-TRICHLOROETHANE     79-00-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; may effect CNS; liver; kidneys

skin

CNS; eyes; nose; liver; kidneys; kidneys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose; CNS depres; liver, kidney damage; derm; (carc)

1,2,3-TRICHLOROPROPANE     96-18-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; may effect liver

Inhalation: headache, unconsciousness

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Eyes; resp sys; skin; CNS; liver; kidneys (in animals: forestomach, liver & mammary gland cancer) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; CNS depres; in animals: liver, kidney inj; (carc)

 

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Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Physical

Chemical

UN Class or Division /  Subsidiary Risks

BROMOFORM
75-25-2

The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic and corrosive fumes including hydrogen bromide and bromine • The substance is a strong acid, it reacts violently with bases and is corrosive to most metals • The substance is a medium strong acid • Substance is a weak acid • Reacts violently with oxidants, bases in powdered form and is corrosive to most metals • Reacts with alkaline metals, powdered aluminium, zinc and magnesium and acetone under basic conditions, causing fire and explosion hazard • Attacks some forms of plastic, rubber and coating •  Incompatible with sodium, potassium, calcium, powdered aluminium, zinc, magnesium, strong caustics, sodium potassium alloy, acetone and potassium hydroxide

6.1

CARBON TETRABROMIDE
558-13-4

The substance decomposes in a flame or on a hot surface, forming toxic gases (bromine) • Explodes on impact when mixed with lithium

6.1

CARBON TETRACHLORIDE
56-23-5

The vapour is heavier than air

On contact with hot surfaces or flames this substance decomposes forming toxic and irritating fumes (hydrogen chloride, chlorine,  phosgene) • Reacts violently with some metals such as aluminium, barium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, with fluorine and other substances, causing fire and explosion hazard • Attacks copper, lead and zinc

6.1

CHLOROBROMOMETHANE
74-97-5

The substance decomposes on heating producing hydrogen chloride, chlorine, phosgene, hydrogen bromide • Reacts with oxidants • Reacts with steel, aluminium, magnesium and zinc unless inhibited

6.1

1-CHLORO-3-BROMOPROPANE
109-70-6

6.1

1-CHLOROBUTANE
109-69-3

3

CHLOROFORM
67-66-3

The vapour is heavier than air

On contact with hot surfaces or flames this substance decomposes forming irritating and toxic fumes (hydrogen chloride, phosgene, chlorine) • The substance decomposes slowly under influence of air and light • Reacts violently with strong bases, strong oxidants, some metals, such as aluminium, lithium, magnesium, potassium, sodium and acetone, causing fire and explosion hazard • Attacks plastic, rubber and coatings

6.1

1,2-DIBROMO-3-CHLOROPROPANE
96-12-8

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

The substance decomposes on heating above the boiling point and on burning producing toxic fumes (hydrogen bromide, hydrogen chloride, carbon monoxide) • Reacts with aluminium, magnesium, tin and their alloys in presence of water • Reacts on contact with alkali producing 2-bromoallylalcohol • Attacks some forms of rubber and coatings

6.1

DIBROMOETHANE
74-95-3

The vapour is heavier than air

On contact with hot surfaces or flames this substance decomposes forming irritant fumes (hydrogen bromide) • The substance decomposes on heating producing irritant fumes (hydrogen bromide)

6.1

1,1-DICHLOROETHANE
75-34-3

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

The substance decomposes on heating and on burning producing toxic and corrosive fumes including phosgene and hydrogen chloride • Reacts violently with strong oxidants, alkali metals and earth-alkali metals, powdered metals, causing fire and explosion hazard • Attacks aluminium, iron and polyethylene • Contact with strong caustic will cause formation of flammable and toxic acetaldehyde gas

3

1,1-DICHLORO-PROPANE
78-99-9

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

The substance decomposes on heating producing hydrogen chloride • Reacts with strong oxidants and strong bases

1,3-DICHLOROPROPANE
142-28-9

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

The substance decomposes on heating producing hydrogen chloride and phosgene • Reacts with oxidants, acids, bases, and alumina