" DISCLAIMER: The ILO does not take responsibility for content presented on this web portal that is presented in any language other than English, which is the language used for the initial production and peer-review of original content. Certain statistics have not been updated since the production of the 4th edition of the Encyclopaedia (1998)."

Banner 18

 

104. Guide to Chemicals

 


 

 

Table of Contents

General Profile


Acids, Inorganic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Alcohols

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Alkaline Materials

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Amines, Aliphatic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Azides

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Carbon Monoxide


Epoxy Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Esters, Acrylates

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Ethers

Ethers Tables:

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties

Halogen and Ethers Tables:

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Fluorocarbons

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Glycerols and Glycols

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Heterocyclic Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Hydrocarbons, Aliphatic and Halogenated

Halogenated Saturated Hydrocarbons Tables:

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties

Halogenated Unsaturated Hydrocarbons Tables:

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Hydrocarbons, Aliphatic Unsaturated

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Hydrocarbons, Halogenated Aromatic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Isocyanates

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Nitrocompounds, Aliphatic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Peroxides, Organic and Inorganic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Phosphates, Inorganic and Organic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties

 


 


Acids and Anhydrides, Organic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Aldehydes and Ketals

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Amides

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Aromatic Amino Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Boranes

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Cyano Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Esters, Acetates

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Esters, Alkanoates (except Acetates)

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Glycol Ethers

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Halogens and Their Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Hydrocarbons, Saturated and Alicyclic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


 

Hydrocarbons, Aromatic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Hydrocarbons, Polyaromatic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Ketones

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Nitrocompounds, Aromatic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Phenols and Phenolic Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Phthalates

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Silicon and Organosilicon Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Sulphur Compounds, Inorganic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Sulphur Compounds, Organic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


 


Click to return to top of page

Sunday, 07 August 2011 01:02

Epoxy Compounds: Chemical Identification

Written by

Chemical Formula

Chemical

Synonyms
UN Code

CAS-Number

106923

ALLYL GLYCIDYL ETHER

Allyl 2,3-epoxypropyl ether;
1-(Allyloxy)-2,3-epoxypropane;
1,2-Epoxy-3-allyloxypropane;
Glycidyl allyl ether
UN2219

106-92-3

2426086

BUTYL GLYCIDYL ETHER

Butyl glycidyl ether;
2,3-Epoxypropyl butyl ether;
Ether, butyl 2,3-epoxypropyl;
Ether, butyl glycidyl;
Glycidyl butyl ether

2426-08-6

26447143

CRESYL GLYCIDYL ETHER

Cresol glycidyl ether;
Cresylglycide ether;
Glycidyl methylphenyl ether;
Propane, 1,2-epoxy-3-(tolyloxy)-

26447-14-3

1464535

1,2:3,4-DIEPOXYBUTANE

Butadiene diepoxide;
1,3-Butadiene diepoxide;
Diepoxybutane;
2,4-Diepoxybutane

1464-53-5

2238075

DIGLYCIDYL ETHER

Di(2,3-epoxy)propyl ether

2238-07-5

7665727

1,1-DIMETHYLETHYL GLYCIDYL ETHER

tert-Butyl glycidyl ether;
Propane, 1-tert-Butoxy-2,3-epoxy-;
Oxirane, ((1,1-dimethylethoxy)methyl)-

7665-72-7

106898

EPICHLOROHYDRIN

3-Chloro-1,2-epoxypropane;
1-Chloro-2,3-epoxypropane;
(Chloromethyl)ethylene oxide;
3-Chloro-1,2-propane oxide
UN2023

106-89-8

106887

1,2-EPOXYBUTANE

1-Butene oxide;
Butylene oxide;
1,2-Butylene oxide;
Epoxybutane
UN3022

106-88-7

96093

1,2-EPOXYETHYLBENZENE

1,2-Epoxy-1-phenylethane;
Epoxystyrene;
1-Phenyl-1,2-epoxyethane;
Phenylethylene oxide;
Phenyl oxirane

96-09-3

75569

1,2-EPOXYPROPANE

2,3-Epoxypropane;
Methyl ethylene oxide;
Propene oxide;
Propylene oxide
UN1280

75-56-9

556525

2,3-EPOXYPROPANOL

Epihydrin alcohol;
2,3-Epoxy-1-propanol;
Glycidyl alcohol;
3-Hydroxy-1,2-epoxypropane

556-52-5

3033770

(2,3-EPOXYPROPYL)TRIMETHYLAMMONIUM CHLORIDE

Glycidyl-trimethyl-ammonium chloride;
Oxiranemethanaminium, trimethylglycidylammonium chloride;
N,N,N-Trimethyloxiranemethanaminium chloride

3033-77-0

75218

ETHYLENE OXIDE

Dimethylene oxide;
Epoxyethane;
1,2-Epoxyethane;
Ethene oxide
UN1040

75-21-8

2461156

2-ETHYLHEXYL GLYCIDYL ETHER

Glycidyl 2-ethylhexyl ether

2461-15-6

98011

FURFURAL

2-Furanaldehyde;
2-Furancarbonal;
2-Furancarboxaldehyde;
2-Furfural;
2-Furylaldehyde
UN1199

98-01-1

98000

FURFURYL ALCOHOL

Furanmethanol;
Furfural alcohol;
Furfuralcohol;
Furyl alcohol
UN2874

98-00-0

90051

GUAIACOL

Hydroxyanisole

90-05-1

2425016

HYDROQUINONE DIGLYCIDYL ETHER

2425-01-6

4016142

ISOPROPYL GLYCIDYL ETHER

Glycidyl isopropyl ether;
Isopropyl glycidyl ether;
3-Isopropyloxypropylene oxide;
((1-Methylethoxy)methyl)oxirane

4016-14-2

262124

DIBENZO-p-DIOXIN

Dibenzodioxin;
Dibenzo(1,4)dioxin;
Dibenzo(b,e)(1,4)dioxin;
Diphenylene dioxide

262-12-4

122601

PHENYL GLYCIDYL ETHER

1,2-Epoxy-3-phenoxypropane;
2,3-Epoxypropylphenyl ether;
Phenol glycidyl ether;
3-Phenoxy-1,2-epoxypropane;
Phenyl 2,3-epoxypropyl ether

122-60-1

101906

RESORCINOL DIGLYCIDYL ETHER

1,3-Bis(2,3-epoxypropoxy)benzene;
m-Bis(glycidyloxy)benzene;
1,3-Diglycidyloxybenzene;
Diglycidyl resorcinol ether;
Resorcinyl diglycidyl ether

101-90-6

1320941

TETRAHYDRODIMETHYLFURAN

Tetrahydrodimethyl furane

1320-94-1

109999

TETRAHYDROFURAN

Butylene oxide;
Cyclotetramethylene oxide;
Diethylene oxide;
1,4-Epoxybutane;
Tetramethylene oxide
UN2056

109-99-9

106876

VINYL CYCLOHEXENE DIOXIDE

1,2-Epoxy-4-(epoxyethyl)cyclohexane;
1-Epoxyethyl-3,4-epoxycyclohexane;
4-Vinyl-1,2-cyclohexene diepoxide;
1-Vinyl-3-cyclohexene dioxide;
4-Vinyl-1-cyclohexene dioxide

106-87-6

 

Back

Sunday, 07 August 2011 01:04

Epoxy Compounds: Health Hazards

Written by

Chemical Name

CAS-Number

ICSC Short-Term Exposure

ICSC Long-Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

ALLYL GLYCIDYL ETHER     106-92-3

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Eyes; resp sys; skin; liver; kidneys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, muc memb; pulm edema; in animals: liver, kidney inj

BUTYL GLYCIDYL ETHER     2426-08-6

skin

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS; blood Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose; sens; narco; possible hemato effects; CNS depres

DIGLYCIDYL ETHER     2238-07-5

Skin; eyes; resp sys; repro sys (in animals: skin tumors) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; skin burns; in animals: hemato sys, lung, liver, kidney damage; repro effects; (carc)

EPICHLOROHYDRIN     106-89-8

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS

skin; asthma; genes; reproduction system

Inhalation: pain, burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, shortness of breath, vomiting, headache, unconsciousness

Skin: may be absorbed, pain, redness, severe skin burns

Eyes: pain, blurred vision, severe deep burns

Ingestion: burning sensation, abdominal cramps, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, unconsciousness

Resp sys; skin; kidneys; eyes; liver; repro sys (in animals: nasal cancer) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin with deep pain; nau, vomit; abdom pain; resp distress, cough; cyan; repro effects; (carc)

1,2-EPOXYBUTANE      106-88-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: burning sensation, confusion, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, unconsciousness, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: abdominal pain

1,2-EPOXYPROPANE      75-56-9

Eyes; skin; resp sys (in animals: nasal tumors) Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; blisters, burns; (carc)

2,3-EPOXYPROPANOL     556-52-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS

skin

Inhalation: cough, irritant, dizziness, narcotic, laboured breathing

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, irritant

Eyes: redness, severe irritant, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, irritant

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; narco

ETHYLENE OXIDE          75-21-8

Eyes; blood; resp sys; liver; CNS; kidneys; skin; repro sys (peritoneal cancer, leukemia) Inh; ing (liq); con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; peculiar taste; head; nau, vomit, diarr; dysp, cyan, pulm edema; drow; inco; EKG abnor; eye, skin burns (liq or high vap conc); liq: frostbite; repro effects; (carc); in animals: convuls; liver, kidney damage

FURFURAL         98-01-1

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS

skin; liver; kidneys

Inhalation: cough, headache, laboured breathing, shortness of breath, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, pain

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, diarrhoea, headache, sore throat, vomiting

Eyes; resp sys; skin Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, upper resp sys; head; derm

FURFURYL ALCOHOL      98-00-0

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: cough, shortness of breath, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness, pain, lachrymation, blurred vision, swelling of the eyelids

Ingestion: unconsciousness

Resp sys; eyes; skin; CNS Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, muc memb; dizz; nau, diarr; diuresis; resp, body temperature depres; vomit; derm

ISOPROPYL GLYCIDYL ETHER  4016-14-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

Eyes; skin; resp sys; blood; repro sys Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, upper resp sys; skin sens; possible hemato, repro effects

PHENYL GLYCIDYL ETHER     122-60-1

Eyes; skin; CNS; hemato sys; repro sys (in animals: nasal cancer) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, upper resp sys; skin sens; narco; possible hemato, repro effects; (carc)

TETRAHYDROFURAN     109-99-9

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

skin; liver; kidneys

Inhalation: dizziness, headache, nausea, unconsciousness

Skin: dry skin, redness, roughness

Eyes: redness, pain

Resp sys; skin; eyes; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, upper resp sys; nau, dizz, head, CNS depres

VINYL CYCLOHEXENE DIOXIDE            106-87-6

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: laboured breathing, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, swelling

Eyes: redness

Eyes; skin; resp sys; blood; thymus; repro sys (in animals: skin tumors) Inh; abs; ing; con

In animals: irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; testicular atrophy; leupen; nec thymus; skin sens; (carc)

 

Back

Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Physical

Chemical

UN Class or Division / Subsidiary Risks

ALLYL GLYCIDYL ETHER
106-92-3

3

EPICHLOROHYDRIN
106-89-8

The substance will polymerize due to heating or under the influence of strong acids, bases and contaminants •On combustion, forms toxic and corrosive fumes •The substance decomposes slowly on contact with water •Reacts violently with strong oxidants •Reacts violently with aluminium, zinc, metal powders, alcohols, phenols, amines (especially aniline) and organic acids causing fire and explosion hazard •Attacks steel in the presence of water

6.1

1,2-EPOXYBUTANE
106-88-7

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible •The vapour mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed •As a result of flow, agitation, etc, electrostatic charges can be generated

The substance may polymerize on contact with acids, alkalies, tin, aluminium and iron chlorides with fire or explosion hazard

3

1,2-EPOXYPROPANE
75-56-9

3

2,3-EPOXYPROPANOL
556-52-5

The substance decomposes on contact with strong acids and bases, water, salts (aluminium chloride, ferric chloride) or metals (copper, zinc), causing fire and explosion hazard •Attacks plastic and rubber

ETHYLENE OXIDE
75-21-8

6.1 / 2.1

FURFURAL
98-01-1

The vapour is heavier than air

The substance polymerizes under the influence of acid(s) or base(s) with fire or explosion hazard •Reacts violently with oxidants •Attacks many plastics

3

FURFURYL ALCOHOL
98-00-0

The substance polymerizes under the influence of acids •Reacts violently with strong oxidants or strong acids, causing fire and explosion hazard

6.1

TETRAHYDROFURAN
109-99-9

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

The substance can form explosive peroxides •On combustion, forms carbon monoxide •Reacts violently with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard

3

VINYL CYCLOHEXENE DIOXIDE
106-87-6

On combustion, forms acrid smoke and irritating fumes •Reacts with active hydrogen compounds (eg, alcohols, amines)

For UN Class: 1.5 = very insensitive substances which have a mass explosion hazard; 2.1 = flammable gas; 2.3 = toxic gas; 3 = flammable liquid; 4.1 = flammable solid; 4.2 = substance liable to spontaneous combustion; 4.3 = substance which in contact with water emits flammable gases; 5.1 = oxidizing substance; 6.1 = toxic; 7 = radioactive; 8 = corrosive substance

 

Back

Chemical Name

CAS-Number

Colour/Form

Boiling Point (°C)

Melting Point (°C)

Molecular Weight

Solubility in Water

Relative Density (water=1)

Relative Vapour Density (air=1)

Vapour Pressure/ (Kpa)

Inflam.
Limits

Flash Point (°C)

Auto Ignition Point (°C)

ALLYL GLYCIDYL ETHER
106-92-3

colourless liquid

154

-100

114.1

14.1%

0.9698

@ 25 ºC

@ 25 ºC

BUTYL GLYCIDYL ETHER
2426-08-6

clear, colourless liquid

164

130.2

2% sol

0.918

@ 25 ºC

0.2

74 cc

CRESYL GLYCIDYL ETHER
26447-14-3

colourless liquid

164.20

93 oc

1,2:3,4-DIEPOXYBUTANE
1464-53-5

138

-19

86.09

v sol

1.113

@ 25 ºC

DIGLYCIDYL ETHER
2238-07-5

colourless liquid

260

130.16

1.1195

@ 25 ºC

@ 25 ºC

1,1-DIMETHYLETHYL GLYCIDYL ETHER
7665-72-7

152

-70

130.18

0.898

EPICHLOROHYDRIN
106-89-8

colourless, mobile liquid

116

-48

92.5

misc

1.1801

3.29

1.6

3.8 ll
21.0 ul

34 cc

385

1,2-EPOXYBUTANE
106-88-7

colourless liquid

63.3

-150

72.12

@ 25 ºC

@ 17 ºC/4 ºC

2.2

18.8

3.1 ll
25.1 ul

-17

439

1,2-EPOXYETHYL­BENZENE
96-09-3

colourless to pale straw-coloured liquid

194.1

-35.6

120.1

insol

@16 ºC/4 ºC

4.30

0.3 mm Hg

822 oc

498

1,2-EPOXYPROPANE
75-56-9

colourless ethereal liquid

34.23

-112.13

58.08

v sol

0.8304

2.0

445 mm Hg

2.3 ll
36 ul

449

2,3-EPOXYPROPANOL
556-52-5

colourless, slightly viscous liquid

166-167decomp

-45

74.08

misc

1.115

2.15

@ 25 °C

72 cc

415

ETHYLENE OXIDE
75-21-8

colourless gas at ordinary room temp & pressure; liquid below
12 ºC

10.7

-112.5

44.06

sol

@ 10 °C/10 °C

1.49

1095 mm Hg

3 ll
100 ul

FURFURAL
98-01-1

an amber-coloured liquid; colourless liquid when freshly prepared; colourless to reddish-brown oily liquid

161.7

-36.5

96.08

sol

1.1594

3.3

0.144

2.1 ll
19.3 ul

60 cc

316

FURFURYL ALCOHOL
98-00-0

colourless-yellow liquid; clear mobile liquid

171

-14.6

98.10

misc

1.1296

1.003

0.051

1.8 ll
16.3 ul

75 oc

490

GUAIACOL
90-05-1

white or slightly yellow crystalline mass or colourless to yellowish; hexagonal prisms; crystals or liquid

205

32

124.13

sl sol

@ 21 ºC/4 ºC

@ 25 ºC

ISOPROPYL GLYCIDYL ETHER
4016-14-2

mobile, colourless liquid

137

116.18

18.8%

0.9186

4.15

@ 25 ºC

DIBENZO-p-DIOXIN
262-12-4

122-123

184.2

@ 25 ºC

@ 25 ºC

PHENYL GLYCIDYL ETHER
122-60-1

colourless liquid

245

3.5

150.1

0.24%

1.1092

4.37

0.01 mm Hg

RESORCINOL DIGLYCIDYL ETHER
101-90-6

straw-yellow liquid

@ 0.8 mm Hg

32-33

222.2

@ 25 °C

177 oc

TETRAHYDROFURAN
109-99-9

colourless, mobile liquid

66

-108.3

72.1

sol

0.8892

2.5

19.3

2 ll
11.8 ul

-145

321

VINYL CYCLOHEXENE DIOXIDE
106-87-6

colourless liquid

227

<-55

140.18

v sol

1.0986

4.8

0.13

110 oc

 

Back

Chemical Formula

Chemical

Synonyms
UN Code

CAS-number

64700567

ACETIC ACID, ((3,5,6-TRICHLORO-2-PYRIDINYL)OXY)-, 2-BUTOXYETHYL ESTER

Garlon 4;
Garlon 4e;
M 4021;
((3,5,6-Trichloro-2-pyridinyl)oxy)acetic acid 2-butoxyethyl ester

64700-56-7

626380

sec-AMYL ACETATE

2-Acetoxypentane;
1-Methylbutyl acetate;
Acetic acid, 2-Pentyl ester;
2-Pentyl acetate
UN1104

626-38-0

628637

AMYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, amyl ester;
Acetic acid, entyl ester;
Amyl acetic ester;
Pear oil;
Pentyl acetate
UN1104

628-63-7

140114

BENZYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, phenylmethyl ester;
a-Acetoxytoluene;
Benzyl ethanoate;
Phenylmethyl acetate

140-11-4

123864

BUTYL ACETATE

Acetic acid n-butyl ester;
Acetic acid, butyl ester;
n-Butyl acetate;
1-Butyl acetate;
Butyl ethanoate
UN1123

123-86-4

105464

sec-BUTYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, 2-butoxy ester;
2-Butanol acetate;
sec-Butyl acetate;
2-Butyl acetate;
Acetic acid, sec-Butyl ester
UN1123

105-46-4

540885

tert-BUTYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, tert-butyl ester;
Acetic acid, 1,1-Dimethylethyl ester;
Texaco lead appreciator;
TLA
UN1123

540-88-5

62544

CALCIUM ACETATE

Brown acetate;
Calcium diacetate;
Gray acetate;
Lime acetate;
Lime pyrolignite;
Sorbo-calcion;
Teltozan;
Vinegar salts

62-54-4

18461557

o-CRESOL -4,6-DINITROACETATE

Acetic acid, 4,6-dinitro-o-cresyl ester

18461-55-7

622457

CYCLOHEXYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, cyclohexyl ester;
Cyclohexanyl acetate
UN2243

622-45-7

141786

ETHYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, ethyl ester;
Acetic ether;
Acetidin;
Acetoxyethane;
Ethyl acetic ester;
Ethyl ethanoate;
Vinegar naphtha
UN1173

141-78-6

141979

ETHYL ACETOACETATE

Acetoacetic acid, ethyl ester ;
Diacetic ether;
EAA;
Ethyl acetyl acetate;
Ethyl acetylacetonate;
Ethyl 3-oxobutanoate;
Ethyl 3-oxobutyrate;
3-Oxobutanoic acid ethyl ester

141-97-9

105395

ETHYL CHLOROACETATE

Ethyl chloracetate;
Ethyl-a-Chloroacetate;
Ethyl chloroethanoate;
Ethyl monochloroacetate
UN1181

105-39-5

108849

sec-HEXYLACETATE

Acetic acid, 1,3-dimethylbutyl ester;
1,3-Dimethylbutyl acetate;
MAAC;
Methylamyl acetate;
Methylisoamyl acetate
UN1233

108-84-9

123922

ISOAMYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, isopentyl ester;
Banana oil;
Isoamyl ethanoate;
Isopentyl alcohol, acetate;
Isopentyl acetate;
3-Methylbutyl acetate;
Pear oil

123-92-2

110190

ISOBUTYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, isobutyl ester;
Acetic acid, 2-methylpropyl ester;
2-Methylpropyl acetate
UN1213

110-19-0

108214

ISOPROPYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, isopropyl ester;
Acetic acid, 1-Methylethyl ester;
2-Propyl acetate
UN1220

108-21-4

70657704

2-METHOXY-1-PROPYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, 2-methoxypropyl ester

70657-70-4

108656

1-METHOXY-2-PROPYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, 2-methoxy-1-methylethyl ester;
Dowanol (r);
PMA;
glycol ether acetate;
1-Methoxy-2-acetoxypropane;
Propyleneglycol monomethyl ether acetate

108-65-6

79209

METHYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, methyl ester;
Devoton;
Tereton
UN1231

79-20-9

105453

METHYL ACETOACETATE

Acetoacetic methyl ester;
Methylacetoacetate;
Methyl Acetylacetate;
Methyl acetylacetonate;
Methyl 3-oxobutanoate;
Methyl 3-oxobutyrate

105-45-3

122792

PHENYL ACETATE

Acetyl phenol;
Phenol acetate;
Acetic acid, phenyl ester

122-79-2

127082

POTASSIUM ACETATE

Diuretic salt;
Acetic acid, potassium salt

127-08-2

623847

1,2-PROPANEDIOL, DIACETATE

Propylene glycol diacetate;
a-Propylene glycol diacetate

623-84-7

109604

PROPYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, propyl ester;
1-Propyl acetate
UN1276

109-60-4

127093

SODIUM ACETATE

Acetic acid, sodium salt;
Anhydrous sodium acetate;

127-09-3

62748

SODIUM FLUOROACETATE

Fluoroacetic acid, sodium salt;
Sodium monofluoroacetate
UN2629

62-74-8

650511

SODIUM TRICHLOROACETATE ACETIC ACID, TRICHLORO, SODIUM SALT

ACP grass killer;
Allied arcadian sodium TCA;
Antiperz;
Antyperz;
TCA;
TCA varitox

650-51-1

102761

TRIACETIN

Enzactin;
Fungacetin;
Glycerol triacetate;
1,2,3-Propanetriol triacetate;
Triacetine;
Triacetyl glycerine;
Vanay

102-76-1

108054

VINYL ACETATE

Acetic acid, ethenyl ester;
Acetic acid, ethylene ether;
1-Acetoxyethylene;
Ethanoic acid, ethenyl ester;
Ethenyl acetate;
Ethenyl ethanoate
UN1301

108-05-4

 

Back

Sunday, 07 August 2011 01:15

Esters, Acetates: Health Hazards

Written by

Chemival Name

CAS-Number

ICSC Short Term Exposure

ICSC Long Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

AMYL ACETATE  628-63-7

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, headache, sore throat

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: nausea, sore throat

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose; derm; possible CNS depres, narco

sec-AMYL ACETATE     626-38-0

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, headache, sore throat

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: nausea, sore throat

Resp sys; eyes; skin Inh; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; cough, dysp, pulm sens

BUTYL ACETATE     123-86-4

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, headache, nausea

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, upper resp sys; head, drow, narco

sec-BUTYL ACETATE     105-46-4

eyes; resp tract; CNS

skin

Inhalation: drowsiness, headache, sore throat, unconsciousness, weakness

Skin: dry skin

Eyes: redness, pain

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes; head; drow; dryness upper resp sys, skin; narco

tert-BUTYL ACETATE     540-88-5

Resp sys; eyes; skin; CNS Inh; ing; con

Itch, inflamm eyes; irrit upper resp tract; head; narco; derm

CYCLOHEXYL ACETATE     622-45-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, headache, nausea, sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

ETHYL ACETATE     141-78-6

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

skin

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, nausea, shortness of breath, sore throat, unconsciousness, weakness

Skin: redness, pain

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, dizziness, nausea, sore throat, weakness

Eyes; skin; resp sys Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; narco; derm

ETHYL ACETOACETATE     141-97-9

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

sec-HEXYL ACETATE     108-84-9

Resp sys; CNS; eyes; skin Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; head; in animals: narco

ISOAMYL ACETATE     123-92-2

eyes; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: drowsiness, headache, sore throat, weakness

Skin: dry skin

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: abdominal pain, nausea, sore throat

Resp sys; CNS; eyes; skin Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; head; in animals: narco

ISOBUTYL ACETATE     110-19-0

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, headache, nausea, sore throat, unconsciousness, vomiting

Skin: dry skin

Eyes: redness, pain

Resp sys; CNS; eyes; skin Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, upper resp sys; head, drow, anes; in animals: narco

ISOPROPYL ACETATE     108-21-4

eyes; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: cough, drowsiness, headache

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, dizziness

Resp sys; CNS; eyes; skin Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, derm; in animals: narco

1-METHOXY-2-PROPYLACETATE     108-65-6

eyes; resp tract; CNS

skin

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, nausea

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, diarrhoea, unconsciousness

2-METHOXYETHYL ACETATE     110-49-6

CNS

skin; liver; kidneys blood

Inhalation: confusion, dizziness, headache, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting, weakness

Skin: may be absorbed, dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting

Eyes: blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal pain, burning sensation, confusion, dizziness, headache, nausea, unconsciousness

Kidneys; brain; CNS; PNS; eyes, resp sys, repro sys; hemato sys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; kidney, brain damage; in animals: narco; repro, terato effects

METHYL ACETATE          79-20-9

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS

skin

Inhalation: cough, dullness, headache, sore throat, unconsciousness, vomiting, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: dry skin, redness, roughness

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal pain, dullness, nausea, vomiting, weakness

Resp sys; skin; eyes; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; head, drow; optic nerve atrophy; chest tight; in animals: narco

PHENYL ACETATE     122-79-2

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness

POTASSIUM ACETATE     127-08-2

eyes; skin; resp tract

Inhalation: sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

PROPYL ACETATE     109-60-4

eyes; resp tract; CNS

skin

Inhalation: feeling of tightness in the chest, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting

Skin: dry skin

Eyes: redness, pain

Resp sys; eyes; skin; CNS Inh; ing; con

In animals: irrit eyes, nose, throat; derm; narco

SODIUM ACETATE     127-09-3

eyes; skin; resp tract

Inhalation: sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

SODIUM FLUOROACETATE     62-74-8

Inhalation: convulsions, laboured breathing, unconsciousness, vomiting

Skin: may be absorbed

Eyes: blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, abdominal pain

CVS; resp sys; kidneys; CNS; liver Inh; abs; ing; con

Vomit; appre, auditory halu; facial pares; twitch face musc; pulsus altenans, ectopic heartbeat, tacar, venfib; pulm edema; nystagmus; convuls; liver, kidney damage

 

Back

Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Physical

Chemical

UN Class or Division /  Subsidiary Risks

AMYL ACETATE
628-63-7

The vapour is heavier than air

Reacts with oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard • Attacks many plastics

3

sec-AMYL ACETATE
626-38-0

The vapour is heavier than air

The substance decomposes upon burning, producing toxic gases and vapours • Reacts violently with strong acids, strong oxidants, strong alkalis • Attacks many plastics

3

BUTYL ACETATE
123-86-4

The substance decomposes slowly on contact with air or moisture producing acetic acid and n-butanol • Reacts violently with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard • Attacks many plastics and resins

3

sec-BUTYL ACETATE
105-46-4

The vapour mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed

On combustion, forms toxic gases and vapours (such as carbon monoxide) • Reacts violently with nitrates, strong oxidizers, strong alkalies, and strong acids, causing fire and explosion hazard • Attacks many plastics

3

tert-BUTYL ACETATE
540-88-5

3

CYCLOHEXYL ACETATE
622-45-7

Reacts with oxidants • Reacts on contact with water or humidity to release acetic acid causing in metallic containers a slow corrosion hazard

3

ETHYL ACETATE
141-78-6

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

Heating may cause violent combustion or explosion • The substance decomposes under influence of UV light, bases, acids • Upon heating, toxic fumes are formed • The solution in water is a weak acid • Reacts with strong oxidants, bases or acids • Attacks many metals in presence of water • Attacks plastics

3

ETHYL ACETOACETATE
141-97-9

The vapour is heavier than air

Upon heating, toxic fumes are formed • Reacts with strong oxidants • Reacts violently with oxidants, bases, acids

ETHYL CHLOROACETATE
105-39-5

6.1

sec-HEXYL ACETATE
108-84-9

3

ISOAMYL ACETATE
123-92-2

The vapour mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed

Reacts violently with strong oxidizers, causing fire and explosion hazard

ISOBUTYL ACETATE
110-19-0

Reacts with strong oxidants, nitrates, strong alkalis and strong acids, causing fire and explosion hazard

3

ISOPROPYL ACETATE
108-21-4

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

The substance decomposes slowly on contact with steel when exposed to air producing acetic acid and ispropyl alcohol • Reacts violently with oxidizing materials • Attacks many plastics

3

1-METHOXY-2-PROPYLACETATE
108-65-6

Reacts with strong oxidants

2-METHOXYETHYL ACETATE
110-49-6

The vapour is heavier than air

Reacts with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard

3

METHYL ACETATE
79-20-9

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible, and may accumulate in low ceiling spaces causing deficiency of oxygen

The substance decomposes on heating under influence of air, bases, strong oxidants, water, UV-light, causing fire and explosion hazard • The substance is a strong reducing agent and reacts with oxidants • Attacks many metals in presence of water • Attacks plastics

3

PHENYL ACETATE
122-79-2

Reacts with oxidants

POTASSIUM ACETATE
127-08-2

Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air

On combustion, forms potassium and carbon oxides • The substance decomposes on heating, on contact with strong acids produces acetic acid fumes • The solution in water is a medium strong base

PROPYL ACETATE
109-60-4

The gas mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed

The substance decomposes on burning producing irritating or poisonous gases • Can react vigorously with oxidizing materials • Attacks plastics

3

SODIUM ACETATE
127-09-3

Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air

The substance decomposes on heating above 120°C or on contact with strong acids producing acetic acid • The solution in water is a medium strong base

SODIUM FLUOROACETATE
62-74-8

6.1

VINYL ACETATE
108-05-4

3

For UN Class: 1.5 = very insensitive substances which have a mass explosion hazard; 2.1 = flammable gas; 2.3 = toxic gas; 3 = flammable liquid; 4.1 = flammable solid; 4.2 = substance liable to spontaneous combustion; 4.3 = substance which in contact with water emits flammable gases; 5.1 = oxidizing substance; 6.1 = toxic; 7 = radioactive; 8 = corrosive substance

 

Back

Chemical Name

CAS-Number

Colour/Form

Boiling Point (°C)

Melting Point (°C)

Molecular Weight

Solubility in Water

Relative Density (water=1)

Relative Vapour Density (air=1)

Vapour Pressure/ (Kpa)

Inflam.
Limits

Flash Point (°C)

Auto Ignition Point (°C)

AMYL ACETATE
628-63-7

liquid

149

-71

130.2

sl sol

0.88

4.5

@ 25 °C

1.1 ll
7.5 ul

25 cc

375

sec-AMYL ACETATE
626-38-0

liquid

130-131

-148

sl sol

0.86

4.5

0.93

1.0 ll
7.5 ul

32

380

BENZYL ACETATE
140-11-4

water-white liquid

213

-51

150.17

sl sol

1.0550

5.2

@ 60 °C

90 cc

460

BUTYL ACETATE
123-86-4

liquid; colourless

126

-77

116.2

sl sol

0.8826

4.0

@ 25 °C

1.7 ll
7.6 ul

22 cc

420

sec-BUTYL ACETATE
105-46-4

colourless liquid

112

-73.5

116.16

insol

0.8716

4.0

2.53

1.7 ll
9.8 ul

167 cc

tert-BUTYL ACETATE
540-88-5

colourless liquid

97-98

116.1

insol

0.8665

@ bp

1.5 ll
? ul

CYCLOHEXYL ACETATE
622-45-7

liquid

177

-77

142.2

insol

0.97

4.9

2

57

330

ETHYL ACETATE
141-78-6

clear liquid

77

-84

88.10

sol

0.9003

3.04

10

2.2 ll
9 ul

72 oc

427

ETHYL ACETOACETATE
141-97-9

colourless liquid

180.8

-45

130.14

v sol

1.0282

4.48

0.1

1.0 ll
54 ul

844 cc

295

ETHYL CHLOROACETATE
105-39-5

water-white mobile liquid

144

-21

122.6

insol

1.1585

4.23-4.46

@ 37.5 °C

54

sec-HEXYL ACETATE
108-84-9

colourless liquid

147.5

-64

144.2

0.08 g/100 ml

@25 °C

5.0

3 mm Hg

0.9 ll
5.0 ul

433 oc

ISOAMYL ACETATE
123-92-2

colourless liquid

142

-78.5

130.18

sl sol

0.8670

4.5

0.53

1.0 ll
? ul

25 cc

379

ISOBUTYL ACETATE
110-19-0

colourless liquid

117

-99

116.2

sl sol

0.8712

4.0

1.7

1.3 ll
10.5 ul

178 cc

423

ISOPROPYL ACETATE
108-21-4

colourless liquid

90

-73.4

102.13

sol

0.8718

3.52

@ 17 °C

1.8 ll
7.8 ul

2 cc

460

1-METHOXY-2-PROPYLACETATE
108-65-6

liquid

146

18.5g/100 ml

0.96

4.6

@ 25 °C

@ 200 ul

47-48

METHYL ACETATE
79-20-9

colourless, volatile liquid

57

-98

74.08

v sol

0.9330

2.8

21.7

3.1 ll
16.0 ul

-10 cc

501

METHYL ACETOACETATE
105-45-3

colourless liquid

171.7

27-28

116.11

38 g/100 ml

1.0762

4.0

0.7 mm Hg

77 oc

280

PHENYL ACETATE
122-79-2

colourless, mobile liquid; water white liquid

196

136.14

sl sol

1.0780

4.7

80

POTASSIUM ACETATE
127-08-2

crystalline powder

292

98.14

v sol

@ 25 °C

PROPYL ACETATE
109-60-4

colourless liquid

101.6

-92

102.13

sl sol

0.836

3.5

3.3

2.0 ll
8 ul

14 cc

450

SODIUM ACETATE
127-09-3

white granular powder or monoclinic crystals; colourless

324

82.0

v sol

@ 25 °C

611

SODIUM FLUOROACETATE
62-74-8

white powder

200 decomp

100.02

sol

0.0 mm Hg

TRIACETIN
102-76-1

colourless liquid

259

-78

218.20

sl sol

1.1596

7.52

@ 25 °C

1.8 ll
? ul

138 cc

433

VINYL ACETATE
108-05-4

colourless, mobile liquid; white (unstable)

72.5

-93.2

86.09

insol

0.932

3.0

@ 25 °C

2.6 ll
13.4 ul

-8 cc

402

 

Back

Chemical Formula

Chemical

Synonyms
UN Code

CAS-Number

19485031

1,3-BUTANEDIOL DIACRYLATE

Acrylic acid, 1,3-butylene glycol diester;
Acrylic acid, 1-methyltrimethylene ester;
1,3-Butylene diacrylate;
1,3-Butylene glycol diacrylate

19485-03-1

141322

BUTYL ACRYLATE

Acrylic acid, butyl ester;
2-Propenoic acid, butyl ester;
N-Butyl acrylate;
Butyl-2-propenoate
UN2348

141-32-2

97881

BUTYL METHACRYLATE

Methacrylic acid, butyl ester;
Butyl 2-methacrylate;
Butyl-2-methyl-2-propenoate;
2-Methyl-butylacrylate;
2-Propenoic acid, 2-Methyl-, butyl ester
UN2227

97-88-1

2156969

DECYL ACRYLATE

Acrylic acid, decyl ester;
N-Decyl acrylate;
2-Propenoic acid, decyl ester

2156-96-9

140885

ETHYL ACRYLATE

Acrylic acid, ethyl ester;
Carboset 511;
Ethoxycarbonylethylene;
Ethyl propenoate;
Ethyl-2-propenoate
UN1917

140-88-5

97632

ETHYL METHACRYLATE

Ethyl 2-methylacrylate;
Ethyl 2-methyl-2-propenoate;
Methacrylic acid, ethyl ester;
2-Propenoic acid, 2-methyl-, ethyl ester
UN2277

97-63-2

103117

2-ETHYLHEXYL ACRYLATE

Acrylic acid, 2-ethylhexyl ester;
2-Ethylhexyl 2-propenoate;
1-Hexanol, 2-ethyl-, acrylate;
Octyl acrylate;
2-Propenoic acid

103-11-7

999611

2-HYDROXYPROPYL ACRYLATE

Acrylic acid, 2-hydroxypropyl ester;
HPA;
1,2-Propanediol, 1-acrylate;
2-Propenoic acid

999-61-1

96333

METHYL ACRYLATE

Acrylic acid, methyl ester;
Curithane 103;
Methoxycarbonylethylene;
Methyl propenate
UN1919

96-33-3

80626

METHYL METHACRYLATE

Diakon;
Methacrylic acid, methyl ester;
Methyl methylacrylate;
Methyl-2-methyl-2-propenoate;
2-Methyl-2-propenoic acid methyl ester;
MME
UN1247

80-62-6

 

Back

Sunday, 07 August 2011 01:25

Esters, Acrylates: Health Hazards

Written by

Chemical Name

CAS-Number

ICSC Short-Term Exposure

ICSC Long-Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

ETHYL ACRYLATE     140-88-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin; liver; kidneys

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, shortness of breath, sore throat

Skin: redness, skin burns, pain

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal pain, sore throat, vomiting

Resp sys; eyes; skin (in animals: tumors of the forestomach) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; (carc)

ETHYL METHACRYLATE  97-63-2

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, nausea, unconsciousness

Skin: dry skin, redness, roughness, burning sensation

Eyes: tearing, redness, pain

Ingestion: confusion, vomiting

2-ETHYLHEXYL ACRYLATE     103-11-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: drowsiness, headache, nausea

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, diarrhoea, dizziness, laboured breathing, vomiting

2-HYDROXYPROPYL ACRYLATE         999-61-1

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, sore throat

Skin: redness, pain, blisters

Eyes: pain, blurred vision, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, burning sensation, weakness

Eyes; skin; resp sys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; eye, skin burns; cough, dysp

METHYL ACRYLATE        96-33-3

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin; liver; kidneys; lungs

Inhalation: dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, burning sensation, pain, dizziness, headache

Eyes: redness, pain, burning sensation

Ingestion: burning sensation, vomiting

Resp sys; eyes; skin Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, upper resp sys

METHYL METHACRYLATE     80-62-6

eyes; skin; lungs

skin; liver; kidneys

Eyes; resp sys; skin Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; derm

 

Back