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Friday, 05 August 2011 00:05

Acids and Anhydrides,Organic: Health Hazards

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Chemical Name

CAS-Number

ICSC Short-Term Exposure

ICSC Long-Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

ACETIC ACID     64-19-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: sore throat, cough, shortness of breath, laboured breathing, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: redness, serious skin burns, pain

Eyes: pain, redness, blurred vision, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal pain, burning sensation, diarrhoea, sore throat, vomiting

Resp sys; skin; eyes; teeth Inh; con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; eye, skin burns; derm; conj; cough; CNS depres; delayed pulm edema; in animals: kidney, repro, terato effects

ACETIC ANHYDRIDE       108-24-7

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: corrosive, cough, laboured breathing, shortness of breath, sore throat, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: corrosive, redness, pain, blisters

Eyes: corrosive, redness, pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: corrosive, abdominal pain, sore throat, collapse

Resp sys; skin; eyes Inh; con

Conj, lac, corn edema, opac, photo; nasal, phar irrit; cough, dysp, bron; skin burns, vesic, sens derm

ACETYLSALICYLIC ACID 50-78-2

eyes; skin; resp tract

liver; kidneys; bladder; GI tract; CVS; CNS; resp tract

Inhalation: cough, dullness

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Eyes; skin; resp sys; blood; liver; kidney Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, upper resp sys; incr blood clotting time; nau, vomit; liver, kidney inj

ACRYLIC ACID   79-10-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, nasal discharge, laboured breathing, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, pain, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, loss of vision, severe deep burns

Ingestion: severe burns to lips, mouth and throat, abdominal cramps, diarrhoea, unconsciousness, shock

Eyes, skin, resp sys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; eye, skin burns; skin sens; in animals: lung, liver, kidney inj

ADIPIC ACID      124-04-9

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: cough, laboured breathing, sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness, pain

L-ASCORBIC ACID          50-81-7

eyes; resp tract

Inhalation: cough

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: only in case of large amount ingested: diarrhoea, vomiting

BENZOIC ACID   65-85-0

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: cough, irritant

Skin: redness, irritant

Eyes: redness, irritant, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting

n-CAPROIC ACID            142-62-1

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: cough, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, burning sensation, pain

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal pain, nausea, sore throat, vomiting

CHLOROACETIC ACID     79-11-8

Inhalation: corrosive, burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, sore throat, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: corrosive, may be absorbed, redness, pain, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, burning sensation, collapse

CITRIC ACID      77-92-9

eyes; skin; resp tract

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: cough

CITRIC ACID HYDRATE     5949-29-1

eyes; resp tract

Inhalation: cough, sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: sore throat, mild burning sensation

CROTONIC ACID 3724-65-0

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, headache, nausea, shortness of breath, sore throat, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: skin burns, burning sensation, pain

Eyes: pain, blurred vision, severe deep burns

Ingestion: pain, burning sensation, diarrhoea, sore throat, vomiting

DICHLOROACETIC ACID  79-43-6

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, unconsciousness, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: redness, pain, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, burning sensation, sore throat, unconsciousness, vomiting, weakness

2,4-DICHLOROPHENOXYACETIC ACID     94-75-7

eyes; skin; resp tract

Inhalation: headache, nausea, weakness

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: abdominal pain, burning sensation, diarrhoea, headache, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting, weakness

Skin; CNS; liver; kidneys Inh; abs; ing; con

Weak, stupor, hyporeflexia, musc twitch; convuls; derm; in animals: liver, kidney inj

ETHANEDIOIC ACID, DIHYDRATE       6153-56-6

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; kidneys

kidneys

Inhalation: cough, shortness of breath, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, dry skin, redness, skin burns, pain, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, sore throat, vomiting, weakness, convulsions

2-ETHYLHEXANOIC ACID 149-57-5

eyes; skin; resp tract

liver

Skin: rednessEyes: redness, pain

FLUOROACETIC ACID     144-49-0

eyes; skin; resp tract; CVS; CNS; kidneys

FORMIC ACID     64-18-6

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, shortness of breath, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: redness, serious skin burns, pain

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal pain, burning sensation, diarrhoea, sore throat, vomiting

Eyes; skin; resp sys Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, throat; skin burns; derm; lac; rhin; cough, dysp; nau

LACTIC ACID      598-82-3

eyes; skin; resp tract

Inhalation: cough, shortness of breath, sore throat, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: redness, skin burns, pain

Eyes: redness, pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal pain, burning sensation, nausea, sore throat, vomiting

MALEIC ACID     110-16-7

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin; kidneys

Inhalation: cough, laboured breathing

Skin: redness, skin burns, severe irritant

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: burning sensation, see inhalation ,

MALEIC ANHYDRIDE       108-31-6

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: cough, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, shortness of breath, vomiting

Skin: redness, skin burns

Eyes: redness, pain, lacrymation, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal pain

Eyes; skin; resp sys Inh; ing; con

Irrit nose, upper resp sys; conj; photo, double vision; bronchial asthma; derm

METHACRYLIC ACID       79-41-4

eyes; skin; mucous membranes; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing

Skin: redness, skin burns, pain, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, loss of vision, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, abdominal pain, burning sensation, weakness

Eyes; skin; resp sys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, muc memb; eye, skin burns

2-METHYL-4-CHLOROPHENO¬≠ACETIC ACID     94-74-6

eyes; skin; resp tract

birth defects

Inhalation: headache, nausea

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: abdominal pain, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting, weakness

OXALIC ACID     144-62-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; kidneys

skin; kidneys

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, sore throat, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: redness, skin burns, pain, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision, loss of vision, severe deep burns

Ingestion: burning sensation, drowsiness, sore throat, vomiting, shock, low back pain

Resp sys; skin; kidneys; eyes Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, muc memb; eye burns; local pain, cyan; shock, collapse, convuls; kidney damage

PALMITIC ACID  57-10-3

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Eyes: redness

PHTHALIC ANHYDRIDE    85-44-9

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin; lungs

Resp sys; eyes; skin; liver; kidneys Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, upper resp sys; conj; nasal ulcer bleeding; bron, bronchial asthma; derm; in animals: liver, kidney damage

PHTHALIC ACID  88-99-3

eyes; skin; resp tract

Inhalation: cough

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness, pain

PROPIONIC ACID           79-09-4

eyes; skin; resp tract

Inhalation: cough, laboured breathing, sore throat

Skin: skin burns, pain, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal pain, nausea, sore throat, vomiting,

Eyes; skin; resp sys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; blurred vision, com burns; skin burns; abdom pain, nau, vomit

PROPIONIC ANHYDRIDE 123-62-6

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, sore throat, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: redness, skin burns

Eyes: redness, severe deep burns

Ingestion: sore throat, burns

SALICYLIC ACID 69-72-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

skin

Inhalation: cough, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, pain

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: nausea, vomiting, ear ringing

STEARIC ACID   57-11-4

eyes

lungs

Inhalation: cough, laboured breathing

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: constipation

SULPHANILIC ACID         121-57-3

eyes; skin; resp tract; blood

skin; lungs

Inhalation: blue lips or finger nails, blue skin, cough, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: blue lips or fingernails, blue skin, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing

TEREPHTHALIC ACID      100-21-0

eyes; skin

Inhalation: cough, irritant

Skin: redness, mild irritant

Eyes: redness, irritant

p-TOLUENESULPHONIC ACID     104-15-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing

Skin: redness, pain, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: burning sensation, sore throat

2,4,5-TRICHLOROPHENOXYACETIC ACID     93-76-5

eyes; skin; resp tract

Skin; liver; GI tract Inh; ing; con

In animals: ataxia; skin irrit, acne-like rash, liver damage

TRIMELLITIC ANHYDRIDE     552-30-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; blood

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, wheezing, chills

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Eyes; skin; resp sys abs

Irrit eyes, skin; nose; resp sys; pulm edema, resp sens; rhinitis, asthma, cough, wheez, dysp, mal, fever, musc aches, sneez

VALERIC ACID   109-52-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS

 

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Contents

Preface
Part I. The Body
Part II. Health Care
Part III. Management & Policy
Part IV. Tools and Approaches
Part V. Psychosocial and Organizational Factors
Part VI. General Hazards
Part VII. The Environment
Part VIII. Accidents and Safety Management
Part IX. Chemicals
Part X. Industries Based on Biological Resources
Part XI. Industries Based on Natural Resources
Part XII. Chemical Industries
Part XIII. Manufacturing Industries
Part XIV. Textile and Apparel Industries
Part XV. Transport Industries
Part XVI. Construction
Part XVII. Services and Trade
Part XVIII. Guides