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Saturday, 06 August 2011 02:21

Alcohols: Health Hazards

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Chemical name

CAS-Number

ICSC Short-Term Exposure

ICSC Long-Term Exposure

Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

ALLYL ALCOHOL     107-18-6

eyes; skin; resp tract; muscles; liver; kidneys

Inhalation: headache, nausea, vomiting

Skin: may be absorbed, aching, pain, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision, temporary loss of vision, severe deep burns, sensitivity to light

Ingestion: abdominal pain, unconsciousness

Eyes; skin; resp sysInh, abs, ing, con

Eye irrit, tissue damage; irrit upper resp sys, skin; pulm edema

BENZYL ALCOHOL     100-51-6

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

skin

Inhalation: cough, sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: abdominal pain, diarrhoea, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting

BUTYL ALCOHOL            71-36-3

Skin; eyes; resp sys; CNSInh, abs, ing, con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; head, verti, drow; corn inflamm, blurred vision, lac, photo; derm; possible auditory nerve damage, hearing loss; CNS depres

sec-BUTYL ALCOHOL      78-92-2

Eyes; skin, resp sys; CNSInh, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, throat, nose; narco

tert-BUTYL ALCOHOL      75-65-0

Eyes; skin, resp sys, CNSInh, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; head; skin flush, burns

2-CHLOROETHANOL     107-07-3

eyes; respiratory tract; CNS;  cardiovascular system; kidneys; liver; may result in death

Inhalation: Mucous membranes, nausea

Skin: Vomiting, vertigo, incoordination

Ingestion: Numbness, visual distortion, headache

Resp sys; liver; kidneys; CNS; skin; CVS; eyesInh, abs, ing, con

Irrit muc memb; nau, vomit; verti, inco; numb; vis dist; head; thirst; delirium; low BP; collapse, shock, coma; liver, kidney damage

CYCLOHEXANOL     108-93-0

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

skin

Eyes; resp sys; skinInh, abs, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; skin; narco

ETHANOL          64-17-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

skin; CNS; liver; blood

Inhalation: cough, drowsiness, headache, fatigue

Skin: dry skin

Eyes: redness, irritant pain, irritant burning

Ingestion: burning sensation, confusion, dizziness, headache, unconsciousness

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS; liver; blood; repro sysInh, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose; head, drow, ftg, narco; cough; liver damage; anemia; repro, terato effects

2-ETHYL-1-HEXANOL     104-76-7

eyes; skin

Inhalation: dizziness, headache, nausea, weakness

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

HEPTANOL        111-70-6

eyes; skin; resp tract

liver; kidneys; birth defects

HEXANOL          626-93-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

skin; CNS

Inhalation: cough, headache, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, nausea

ISOAMYL ALCOHOL     123-51-3

eyes; resp tract; CNS

skin

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, nausea, sore throat

Skin: dry skin

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, unconsciousness

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNSInh, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; head, dizz; cough, dysp, nau, vomit, diarr; skin cracking; in animals: narco

sec-ISOAMYL ALCOHOL     528-75-4

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNSInh, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; head, dizz; cough, dysp, nau, vomit, diarr; skin cracking; in animals: narco

ISOBUTYL ALCOHOL      78-83-1

eyes; resp tract; CNS

skin

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNSInh, ing, con

Irrit eyes, throat, head, drow; skin cracking; in animals: narco

ISODECYL ALCOHOL     25339-17-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

skin

Inhalation: dizziness, dullness, headache, nausea

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting

ISOOCTYL ALCOHOL     26952-21-6

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

skin

Inhalation: dizziness, dullness, headache, nausea

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, skin burns

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS; CVSInh, abs, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose throat; eye, skin burns

ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL    67-63-0

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

skin

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, nausea, sore throat, vomiting

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, sore throat, vomiting

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNSInh, ing, con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; drow, dizz, head; dry cracking skin; in animals: narco

METHANOL        67-56-1

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

CNS

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, headache, nausea

Skin: may be absorbed, dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, shortness of breath, unconsciousness, vomiting

Eyes; skin, resp sys; CNS; GI tractInh, abs, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, upper resp sys; head, dizz, verti, li-head, nau, vomit; vis dist, optic nerve damage (blindness); derm

3-METHOXY 1-BUTANOL     2517-43-3

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: cough, headache, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: dry skin, burning sensation

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: abdominal pain, dullness, nausea, vomiting

2-METHYL-1-BUTANOL     137-32-6

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

skin

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, drowsiness, sore throat

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

METHYLCYCLOHEXANOL     25639-42-3

eyes; upper resp tract

skin; CNS

Inhalation: cough, headache

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness

Resp sys; skin; eyes; liver; kidneys; CNS Inh, abs, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, upper resp sys; head; in animals: narco; liver, kidney damage

o-METHYLCYCLOHEXANOL     583-59-5

eyes; upper resp tract

skin; CNS

Inhalation: cough, headache

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness

m-METHYLCYCLOHEXANOL     591-23-1

skin

Inhalation: cough, headache

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness

2-METHYL-4-PENTANOL     108-11-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS; liver; kidneys

skin; CNS; liver; kidneys

Inhalation: confusion, drowsiness, headache, nausea, sore throat, unconsciousness

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, burning sensation

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain

Eyes; skin; CNS Inh, abs, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin; head, drow; derm; in animals: narco

1-PENTANOL      71-41-0

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

skin

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, headache, nausea

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness, pain, possible corneal damage

Ingestion: cough, dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting

3-PENTANOL      584-02-1

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

skin

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, headache, nausea, sore throat, vomiting

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal pain, diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting

2-PHENYLETHANOL        60-12-8

eyes; resp tract

CNS

Inhalation: coughEyes: redness

PROPANOL        71-23-8

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

skin

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, nausea, sore throat, vomiting

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, sore throat, vomiting

Skin; eyes; resp sys; GI tract; CNS Inh, abs, ing, con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; dry cracking skin; drow, head; ataxia, GI pain; abdom cramps, nau, vomit, diarr; in animals: narco

PROPARGYL ALCOHOL     107-19-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; liver; kidneys; blood

Inhalation: burning sensation

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: pain, severe deep burns

Skin; resp sys; CNS; liver; kidneys Inh, abs, ing, con

irrit skin, muc memb; CNS depres; in animals: liver, kidney damage

TETRAHYDROFURFURYL ALCOHOL          97-99-4

Inhalation: sore throat, cough, headache, nausea, dizziness, drowsiness, unconsciousness

Skin: redness, irritation, pain

Eyes: redness, irritation, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain

3,5,5-TRIMETHYL-1-HEXANOL          3452-97-9

eyes; skin; resp tract

liver; kidneys

Inhalation: cough, headache, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, roughness, burning sensation

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: headache, nausea, vomiting

 

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Read 2978 times Last modified on Friday, 09 December 2011 20:26

Contents

Preface
Part I. The Body
Part II. Health Care
Part III. Management & Policy
Part IV. Tools and Approaches
Part V. Psychosocial and Organizational Factors
Part VI. General Hazards
Part VII. The Environment
Part VIII. Accidents and Safety Management
Part IX. Chemicals
Part X. Industries Based on Biological Resources
Part XI. Industries Based on Natural Resources
Part XII. Chemical Industries
Part XIII. Manufacturing Industries
Part XIV. Textile and Apparel Industries
Part XV. Transport Industries
Part XVI. Construction
Part XVII. Services and Trade
Part XVIII. Guides