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Saturday, 06 August 2011 02:27

Alcohols: Physical & Chemical Properties

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Chemical Name

CAS-Number

Colour/Form

Boiling Point (ºC)

Melting Point (ºC)

Molecular Weight

Solubility in Water

Relative Density (water=1)

Relative Vapour Density (air=1)

Vapour Pressure/ (Kpa)

Inflam.
Limits

Flash Point (ºC)

Auto Ignition Point (ºC)

ALLYL ALCOHOL
107-18-6

mobile liquid; colourless liquid

97

-129

58.08

misc

0.8540

2.00

2.5

2.5 ll
18.0 ul

21 cc

443

BENZYL ALCOHOL
100-51-6

water-white liquid

205

-15.2

108.13

sol

1.04535

3.72

@ 25 ºC

1.3 ll
13 ul

93 cc

436

BUTYL ALCOHOL
71-36-3

liquid

117.2

-89.5

74.12

sol

0.8098

2.6

5.5 mm Hg

1.4 ll
11.2 ul

37 cc

sec-BUTYL ALCOHOL
78-92-2

colourless liquid

99.5

-115

74.12

15.4 g/100 g

0.8063

2.6

@ 30 ºC

@ 100 ºC ul

24 cc

406

tert-BUTYL ALCOHOL
75-65-0

a colourless liquid, which forms rhombic crystals; rhombic prisms or plates

82.4

25.4

74.12

misc

0.7887

2.55

@ 25 ºC

@ 25 ºC ll

2-CHLOROETHANOL
107-07-3

colourless glycerine-like liquid

@ 760 mm Hg

-67.5 °C

80.52

sol

@ 20 °C/4 °C

2.78

@ 20 ºC

4.9% ll 15.9% ul

60 °C cc

425 °C

CYCLOHEXANOL
108-93-0

colourless needles or viscous liquid; hygroscopic crystals

161

25.1

100.2

sol

0.9624

3.5

@ 25 ºC

1,3-DICHLORO-2-­PROPANOL
96-23-1

colourless slightly viscous liquid

174.3

-4

128.99

v sol

@ 17 ºC/4 ºC

4.4

7 mm Hg

2,6-DIMETHYL-4-­HEPTANOL
108-82-7

colourless liquid

176-177

<-65

144.3

insol

0.8114

4.97

0.21 mm Hg

2,2-DIMETHYL-1-­BUTANOL
1185-33-7

136.5

<-15

102.17

sl sol

0.8283

2,4-DIMETHYL-3-­PENTANOL
600-36-2

138.7

0

116.2

sl sol

0.8288

ETHANOL
64-17-5

clear, colourless, very mobile liquid

78.5

-114

46.07

misc

0.789

1.59

@ 19 ºC

3.3 ll
19 ul

13 cc

363

2-ETHYLBUTYL ALCOHOL
97-95-0

colourless liquid

@ 760 mm Hg

less than -15 °C

102.18

slightly sol

@ 20 °C/4 °C

@ 20 °C

2-ETHYL-1-HEXANOL
104-76-7

colourless liquid

184.6

-76

130.22

insol

0.8344

4.5

0.020

0.88 ll
9.7 ul

81 cc

231

HEPTANOL
111-70-6

colourless liquid

176

-34.6

116.2

sl sol

0.8219

71

HEXANOL
111-27-3

colourless liquid

157

-51.6

102.17

sl sol

0.8136

3.5

@ 24.4 ºC

2-HEXANOL
626-93-7

liquid

136

-23

102.18

0.81

41 cc

ISOAMYL ALCOHOL
123-51-3

oily, clear liquid

131.0

-117

88.1

@ 14 ºC

0.8092

3.04

0.32

@ 100 ºC ul

45

350

sec-ISOAMYL ALCOHOL
528-75-4

colourless liquid

113

-117

0.819

394

ISOBUTYL ALCOHOL
78-83-1

colourless liquid

107

-108

74.1

sl sol

0.8

2.56

1.2

1.7 ll
10.9 ul

27

441

ISODECYL ALCOHOL
25339-17-7

colourless liquid

220

7

158.32

insol

0.841

5.5

@ 70 ºC

0.8 ll
? ul

104 oc

285

ISOOCTYL ALCOHOL
26952-21-6

colourless liquid

83-91

<-76

130.3

@ 25 ºC

0.832

4.5

0.05

0.9 ll
5.7 ul

82 oc

277

ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL
67-63-0

liquid

83

-90

60.09

misc

0.79

2.1

4.4

2 ll
12 ul

117

455

METHANOL
67-56-1

colourless liquid

64.7

-98

32.04

misc

0.7914

1.11

12.3

6 ll
35.6 ul

12 cc

385

2-METHOXYPROPAN-1-OL
1589-47-5

130

90.12

0.938

3-METHOXY 1-BUTANOL
2517-43-3

liquid

160

-85

104.14

misc

0.92

3.59

0.12

1.9 ll
? ul

74

335

2-METHYL-1-BUTANOL
137-32-6

colourless liquid

128

<-70

88.17

sl sol

0.816

3.0

0.42

1.4 ll
9.0 ul

50 oc

385

METHYLCYCLOHEXANOL
25639-42-3

colourless liquid; viscous liquid

155-180

-50

114.1

3-4%

@ 15 ºC/15

3.94

@ 30 ºC

68 cc

296

o-METHYLCYCLO­HEXANOL
583-59-5

liquid

163-166

-9.5

114.2

insol

0.93

3.9

58 cc

296

m-METHYLCYCLO­HEXANOL
591-23-1

liquid

163

114.2

0.92

62 cc

295

2-METHYL-4-PENTANOL
108-11-2

colourless liquid

131.6

-60

102.2

sl sol

0.8075

3.5

2.8 mm Hg

1.0 ll
5.5 ul

41

NONANOL
143-08-8

colourless to yellowish liquid

215

-5

144.3

insol

0.8279

OCTANOL
111-87-5

colourless liquid

195

-16

130.22

insol

0.827

4.5

@ 25 ºC

2-OCTANOL
123-96-6

colourless

130.22

@ 25 ºC

4.5

@ 25 ºC

OLEYL ALCOHOL
143-28-2

oily liquid, usually pale yellow; clear, viscous liquid

333

13-19

268.5

insol

0.8489

@ 25 ºC

1-PENTANOL
71-41-0

colourless liquid

137.5

-79

88.15

insol

0.814

3.0

0.13

@ 100 ºC ul

33 cc

300

3-PENTANOL
584-02-1

colourless liquid

116

-8

4.1 g/100 ml

0.82

3.04

930 Pa

1.2 ll
8.0 ul

40 cc

360

tert-PENTYL ALCOHOL
75-85-4

colourless liquid

102

-8.8

88.1

sol

@ 25 ºC/4 ºC

67 cc

819

1-PHENYLETHANOL
98-84-1

122.17

2-PHENYLETHANOL
60-12-8

colourless, viscous liquid

218.2

-27

122.16

sl sol

1.0202

4.21

@ 58 ºC

102

PROPANOL
71-23-8

clear, colourless liquid

97.2

-127

60.09

misc

0.8053

2.1

@ 25 ºC

2.29 ll
13.7 ul

23 cc

412

PROPARGYL ALCOHOL
107-19-7

light to straw coloured liquid; colourless liquid

114-115

-51.8

56.1

sol

0.9715

1.93

1.54

3.4 ll
70 ul

33 oc

TETRAHYDROFUR­FURYL ALCOHOL
97-99-4

colourless liquid

178

<-80

102.1

misc

1.054

3.5 g/l

0.306

1.5 ll
9.7 ul

75 oc

282

TRIDECANOL
112-70-9

crystals

@ 14 mm Hg

32.5

200.4

insol

@ 31 ºC/4 ºC

121 oc

3,5,5-TRIMETHYL-1-­HEXANOL
3452-97-9

liquid

194

-70

144.25

0.05 g/100 ml

0.824

5.0

0.030

76

 

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Read 3068 times Last modified on Saturday, 06 August 2011 02:36

Contents

Preface
Part I. The Body
Part II. Health Care
Part III. Management & Policy
Part IV. Tools and Approaches
Part V. Psychosocial and Organizational Factors
Part VI. General Hazards
Part VII. The Environment
Part VIII. Accidents and Safety Management
Part IX. Chemicals
Part X. Industries Based on Biological Resources
Part XI. Industries Based on Natural Resources
Part XII. Chemical Industries
Part XIII. Manufacturing Industries
Part XIV. Textile and Apparel Industries
Part XV. Transport Industries
Part XVI. Construction
Part XVII. Services and Trade
Part XVIII. Guides