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Saturday, 06 August 2011 02:40

Aldehydes & Ketals: Health Hazards

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Chemical Name

CAS-Number

Short-Term Exposure

Long-Term Exposure

Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

ACETALDEHYDE 75-07-0

eyes; skin; GI tract; resp tract; lungs; CNS

skin; lungs; CNS; liver

Inhalation: cough, drowsiness, shortness of breath, unconsciousness, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: redness, burning sensation, pain

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: burning sensation, diarrhoea, dizziness, nausea, vomiting

Eyes; skin; resp sys; kidneys; CNS; repro sys (in animals: nasal cancer) Inh, ing, con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; eye, skin burns; derm; conj; cough; CNS depres; delayed pulm edema; in animals: kidney, repro, terato effects; (carc)

ACROLEIN         107-02-8

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: corrosive, burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, shortness of breath, sore throat, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: corrosive, redness, serious skin burns, pain, blisters

Eyes: corrosive, redness, pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, burning sensation, collapse

Heart; eyes; skin; resp sys Inh, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, muc memb; decr pulm func; delayed pulm edema; chronic resp disease

BENZALDEHYDE 100-52-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: respiratory paralysis, shortness of breath, burning sensation of eye and nose mucosa, cough, dizziness

Skin: may be adsorbed, redness, loss of sensation contact dermatitis

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: burning sensation, sensation, confusion,dizziness, drowsiness, headache, shortness of breath, unconsciousness, vomiting, convulsions

BUTYLALDEHYDE     123-72-8

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: burning sensation

CHLORAL HYDRATE     302-17-0

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS; kidneys; liver; CVS

Inhalation: Confusion, drowsiness, nausea, unconsciousness.

Skin: Redness

Eyes: Redness

Ingestion: Abdominal pain, vomiting

o-CHOROBENZALDEHYDE     89-98-5

eyes; skin; liver; kidneys

skin

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, burning sensation, pain

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, burning sensation

2,2-DIMETHYL-1,3-DIOXOLANE-
4-METHANOL     100-79-8

eyes; CNS

Inhalation: cough, sore throat

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: weakness

p-DIOXANE        123-91-1

eyes; resp tract; CNS; liver; kidneys

skin

Inhalation: headache, nausea, cough, sore throat, abdominal pain, dizziness, drowsiness, vomiting, unconsciousness

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness, irritant, pain

Liver; kidneys; skin; eyes; resp sys (in animals: lung, liver & nasal cavity tumors)Inh, abs, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; drow, head, nau, vomit; liver damage; kidney failure; (carc)

ETHYL HEXALDEHYDE     123-05-7

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, vomiting

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting

FORMALDEHYDE            50-00-0

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: burning sensation inthe nose and throat, cough, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, shortness of breath

Skin: redness

Eyes: effects will be delayed, redness, pain, blurred vision, severe deep burns

Resp sys; eyes; skin [nasal cancer] Inh, con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat, resp sys; lac; cough; bron spasm; (carc)

GLUTARALDEHYDE     111-30-8

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin; resp tract

Eyes; skin; resp sys Inh, abs, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; derm, sens skin; cough, asthma; nau, vomit

METHYLAL         109-87-5

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, sore throat, unconsciousness

Skin: may be absorbed, dry skin, defats the skin, redness, pain

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS Inh, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, upper resp sys; anes

PARAFORMALDEHYDE     30525-89-4

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: cough, sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

PROPANAL        123-38-6

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: burning sensation

Eyes; skin; resp sys; lungs

 

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Contents

Preface
Part I. The Body
Part II. Health Care
Part III. Management & Policy
Part IV. Tools and Approaches
Part V. Psychosocial and Organizational Factors
Part VI. General Hazards
Part VII. The Environment
Part VIII. Accidents and Safety Management
Part IX. Chemicals
Part X. Industries Based on Biological Resources
Part XI. Industries Based on Natural Resources
Part XII. Chemical Industries
Part XIII. Manufacturing Industries
Part XIV. Textile and Apparel Industries
Part XV. Transport Industries
Part XVI. Construction
Part XVII. Services and Trade
Part XVIII. Guides