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Saturday, 06 August 2011 02:52

Alkaline Materials: Health Hazards

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Chemical Name

CAS-Number

ICSC Short Term Exposure

ICSC Long Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

AMMONIA          7664-41-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, symptoms may have delayed effects

Skin: On contact with liquid: frostbite

Eyes: severe deep burns

Eyes; skin; resp sys Inh, abs, ing (soln), con (solnliq)

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; dysp, bronspas, chest pain; pulm edema; pink frothy sputum; skin burns, vesic; liq: frostbite

AMMONIUM CHLORIDE     12125-02-9

eyes; skin; resp tract

Inhalation: cough

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: nausea, sore throat, vomiting

Eyes, skin, resp sys Inh, con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; cough, dysp, pulm sens

CALCIUM CARBIDE         75-20-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: cough, laboured breathing, shortness of breath, sore throat

Skin: redness, skin burns, pain

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, burning sensation

CALCIUM HYDROXIDE     1305-62-0

skin; resp tract; eyes

skin

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough

Skin: redness, roughness, burning sensation

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, burning sensation, vomiting, weakness

Eyes, skin, resp sys Inh, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, upper resp sys; eye, skin burns; skin vesic; cough, bron, pneu

CALCIUM OXIDE 1305-78-8

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, shortness of breath

Skin: redness, skin burns, burning sensation, pain

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, abdominal pain, burning sensation, diarrhoea, vomiting, collapse

Resp sys; skin; eyes Inh, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, upper resp sys; ulcer, perf nasal septum; pneu; derm

CARBONIC ACID, CALCIUM SALT     471-34-1

eyes; resp tract

Inhalation: cough

Skin: dry skin

Eyes: redness

CHLORIC ACID, SODIUM SALT     7775-09-9

eyes; skin; resp tract; blood ;kidneys

skin

Inhalation: cough, sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, blue lips or fingernails, blue skin, diarrhoea, nausea, shortness of breath, unconsciousness, vomiting

LITHIUM            7439-93-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, shortness of breath

Skin: redness, pain, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, abdominal pain, burning sensation, nausea, shock or collapse, vomiting, weakness

LITHIUM CARBONATE     554-13-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS; CVS; GI tract

skin; CNS; CVS; stomach; kidneys; genes

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, abdominal pain, confusion, diarrhoea, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting

LITHIUM CHLORIDE     7447-41-8

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin; CNS; kidneys; genes

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, sore throat

Skin: redness, pain

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

LITHIUM HYDRIDE     7580-67-8

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: cough, nausea, vomiting, tremors, twitching, confusion, blurred vision, laboured breathing, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: redness, skin burns

Eyes: redness, severe deep burns

Ingestion: dizziness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS Inh, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin; eye, skin burns; mouth, esophagus burns (if ingested); nau; musc twitches; mental conf; blurred vision

LITHIUM HYDROXIDE     1310-65-2

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, shortness of breath

Skin: redness, pain, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, burning sensation, nausea, shock or collapse, vomiting, weakness

LITHIUM HYDROXIDE MONOHYDRATE 1310-66-3

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, shortness of breath

Skin: redness, pain, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, burning sensation, nausea, vomiting, weakness

PERCHLORIC ACID, POTASSIUM SALT     7778-74-7

eyes; skin; resp tract

blood

Inhalation: cough, sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness, pain

POTASSIUM CHLORATE     3811-04-9

mucous membranes; upper resp tract; blood; liver; kidneys; CNS

skin

Inhalation: blue lips or finger nails, anemia, haemolytic haemorrhage, nausea, shortness of breath, unconsciousness, vomiting, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: redness, burning sensation

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, abdominal pain, blue lips or fingernails, blue skin, diarrhoea, headache, nausea, shortness of breath, sore throat, unconsciousness, vomiting, anuria, collapse, seizure

POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE     1310-58-3

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: corrosive, burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing

Skin: corrosive, redness, serious skin burns, pain

Eyes: corrosive, redness, pain, blurred vision, severe deep burns

Ingestion: corrosive, abdominal pain, burning sensation, diarrhoea, vomiting, collapse

Eyes; skin; resp sys Inh, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; cough, sneez; eye, skin burns; vomit, diarr

POTASSIUM NITRITE     7758-09-0

eyes; skin; resp tract; blood; CVS

Inhalation: blue lips or finger nails, blue skin, cough, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, sore throat, unconsciousness

Skin: redness, pain

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: blue lips or finger nails, blue skin, cough, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, sore throat, unconsciousness, vomiting, rapid pulse

POTASSIUM OXIDE     12136-45-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, shortness of breath

Skin: skin burns, pain, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: burning sensation, shock, abdominal cramps

SODIUM HYDROXIDE     1310-73-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: corrosive, burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing

Skin: corrosive, redness, serious skin burns, pain

Eyes: corrosive, redness,pain, blurred vision, severe deep burns

Ingestion: corrosive, severe pain, abdominal pain, burning sensation, diarrhoea, vomiting, collapse

Eyes; skin; resp sys Inh, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, muc memb; pneuitis; eye, skin burns; temporary loss of hair

SODIUM METHYLATE     124-41-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing

Skin: redness, pain, blisters

Eyes: pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: burning sensation, abdominal pain, shock

SODIUM NITRITE     7632-00-0

eyes; skin; resp tract; blood; CNS; kidneys

Inhalation: blue lips or finger nails, blue skin, cough, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, sore throat, unconsciousness

Skin: redness, pain

Eyes: redness, pain, may be adsorbed

Ingestion: abdominal pain, blue lips or finger nails, blue skin, diarrhoea, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, unconsciousness

 

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Read 2987 times Last modified on Friday, 09 December 2011 20:12

Contents

Preface
Part I. The Body
Part II. Health Care
Part III. Management & Policy
Part IV. Tools and Approaches
Part V. Psychosocial and Organizational Factors
Part VI. General Hazards
Part VII. The Environment
Part VIII. Accidents and Safety Management
Part IX. Chemicals
Part X. Industries Based on Biological Resources
Part XI. Industries Based on Natural Resources
Part XII. Chemical Industries
Part XIII. Manufacturing Industries
Part XIV. Textile and Apparel Industries
Part XV. Transport Industries
Part XVI. Construction
Part XVII. Services and Trade
Part XVIII. Guides