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Saturday, 06 August 2011 02:55

Alkaline Materials: Physical & Chemical Properties

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Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Colour/Form

Boiling Point (°C)

Melting Point (°C)

Molecular Weight

Solubility in Water

Relative Density (water=1)

Relative Vapour Density (air=1)

Vapour Pressure/ (Kpa)

Inflam.
Limits

Flash Point (°C)

Auto Ignition Point (°C)

AMMONIA
7664-41-7

colourless gas, liquid

-33.35

-77.7

17.03

sol

0.7710

0.59

@ 26 °C

16 ll
25 ul

flamma­ble gas

651

AMMONIUM BICARBONATE
1066-33-7

colourless rhombic or monoclinic crystals; shiny, hard, colourless or white prisms or crystalline mass

107.5

79.06

@ 10 °C

1.57

AMMONIUM CHLORIDE
12125-02-9

colourless crystals or crystalline masses; or white, granular powder; cubic crystals; a white, fine or coarse, crystalline powder

520

338 decomp

53.50

sol

@ 25 °C

@ 160 °C

AMMONIUM FLUORIDE
12125-01-8

leaflets or needles; hexagonal prisms by sublimation; colourless hexagonal crystals; white crystals

37.04

@ 25 °C

1.015

AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE
1336-21-6

colourless liquid

-77

35.05

misc

@ 25 °C

AMMONIUM NITRATE
6484-52-2

colourless rhombic crystals; monoclinic when teMelting Point is greater than 32.1 °C; transparent crystals or white granules; five solid phases exist at normal pressure; orthorhombic at room temp; colourless (pure) to gray or brown (fertilizer grade).

210 decomp

169.6

80.06

@ 0 °C; 871 g/100 ml

@ 25 °C

CALCIUM
7440-70-2

lustrous, silver-white surface (when freshly cut); face-centered cubic structure below 300 °C; acquires bluish-gray tarnish on exposure to moist air

1440

850

40.08

1.54

@ 983 °C

CALCIUM BROMATE
10102-75-7

white crystalline powder

149

38.2

313.90

v sol

3.329

CALCIUM CARBIDE
75-20-7

grayish-black, irregular lumps or orthorhombic crystals; colourless tetragonal crystals

2300

64.10

reacts

2.22

CALCIUM CARBONATE
1317-65-3

white powder or colourless crystals

825 decomp

sl sol

2.7-2.95

CALCIUM CHLORATE
10137-74-3

340 ± 10

206.99

sol

@ 0 °C

CALCIUM CHLORIDE
10043-52-4

cubic crystals, granules or fused masses; colourless

1, 935

772

110.98

74.5 g/100 ml

@ 15 °C/4 °C

CALCIUM HYDRIDE
7789-78-8

grayish-white lumps or crystals

675 decomp

42.10

decomposes

1.7

CALCIUM HYDROXIDE
1305-62-0

crystals or soft granules or powder; colourless, hexagonal; rhombic, trigonal, colourless crystals; white powder

580 decomp

580

74.10

insol

2.24

CALCIUM NITRATE
10124-37-5

granules; colourless, cubic crystals; white mass

560

164.10

v sol

@ 18 °C

CALCIUM NITRITE
13780-06-8

colourless or yellowish crystals

100

150.11

sol

@ 34 °C

CALCIUM OXIDE
1305-78-8

colourless cubic crystals; white or grayish white lumps, or granular powder

2850

2570

56.08

3.32-3.35

CARBONIC ACID, CALCIUM SALT
471-34-1

fine, white, microcrystalline powder; powder or crystals; aragonite: orthorhombic; calcite: hexagonal-rhombohedral

825 decomp

102.10

insol

2.7-2.9

DIAMMONIUM PHOSPHATE
7783-28-0

colourless, monoclinic; white crystals or powder

decomp

155 decomp

132.07

1 g/1.7 ml

1.619

LITHIUM
7439-93-2

silvery-white metal; body-centered cubic structure; becomes yellowish on exposure to moist air; tarnishes to grayish-white on exposure to air

1342

180.54

6.941

reacts

0.534

@ 723 °C:

LITHIUM CARBONATE
554-13-2

white, light powder; monoclinic

1310 decomp

618-723

73.89

insol

2.11

LITHIUM CHLORIDE
7447-41-8

cubic crystals, granules or crystalline powder; white

1360

613

42.40

1 g/1.3 ml

2.07

LITHIUM HYDRIDE
7580-67-8

commercial product is usually gray; white, translucent, crystalline mass or powder

850 decomp

680

7.95

reacts

0.76-0.77

0 mm Hg

highly flammable

200

LITHIUM HYDROXIDE
1310-65-2

crystals

decomp

450-471

12.8 g/100 ml

1.46

LITHIUM HYDROXIDE MONOHYDRATE
1310-66-3

crystals

450-471

10.9 g/100 ml

1.51

PERCHLORIC ACID, POTASSIUM SALT
7778-74-7

colourless crystals or white, crystalline powder; colourless, rhombic crystals

400 decomp

138.55

sol in 65 parts

2.52

POTASSIUM
7440-09-7

soft, silvery-white metal; body-centered cubic structure

765.5

63.2

39.098

0.856

@ 432 °C

POTASSIUM BROMATE
7758-01-2

white crystals or granules; colourless, trigonal crystals

434

167.01

@ 25 °C

@ 17.5 °C

POTASSIUM BROMIDE
7758-02-3

colourless crystals or white granules or powder; cubic crystals

1435

730

119.01

1 g/1.5 ml

@ 25 °C

POTASSIUM CARBONATE
584-08-7

granules or granular powder; *colorless, monoclinic crystals; *white granular powder; *granular translucent powder

891

140.82

112 g/100 ml cold

2.29

POTASSIUM CHLORATE
3811-04-9

colourless, lustrous crystals or white granules or powder

400 decomp

368

122.55

1 g/16.5 ml

2.32

POTASSIUM FLUORIDE
7789-23-3

colourless cubic deliquescent

1505

858

58.10

v sol

2.48

POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE
1310-58-3

white or slightly yellow lumps, rods, pellets; sticks, flakes, or fused masses; white rhombic crystals; colourless watery liquid

1324

380

56.11

@ 25 °C

2.044 mg/ml

@ 714 °C

POTASSIUM IODATE
7758-05-6

white crystals or crystalline powder; colourless monoclinic crystals

560

214.02

4.74 g/100 ml

@ 32 °C/4 °C

POTASSIUM IODIDE
7681-11-0

colourless or white, cubical crystals, white granules, or powder; hexahedral crystals, either transparent or somewhat opaque

1330

680

166.02

sol 1g/0.7 ml

3.13

POTASSIUM NITRATE
7757-79-1

colourless, rhombic or trigonal crystals; white granular or crystalline powder

400 decomp

334

101.10

@ 25 °C

@ 16 °C

POTASSIUM NITRITE
7758-09-0

white or slightly yellow granules or rods; white yellowish prism

@ 351

85.10

v sol

1.915

POTASSIUM OXIDE
12136-45-7

crystalline powder

350

reacts

2.3

POTASSIUM PERIODATE
7790-21-8

small colourless crystals or white granular powder

582

230

sl sol

3.168

582

SODIUM
7440-23-5

light, silvery-white metal; body-centered cubic structure; lustrous when freshly cut

881.4

97.82

22.99

0.968

@ 400 °C

115 in dry air

SODIUM BICARBONATE
144-55-8

white, monoclinic prisms; white crystalline powder or granules

@ 270

84.01

@ 25 °C; 12 parts

2.159

SODIUM BROMATE
7789-38-0

colourless cubic crystals; white granules or crystalline powder

381

150.90

@ 0 °C 90.9 g/100 ml

@ 17.5 °C

SODIUM CARBONATE
497-19-8

white powder; grayish-white powder or lumps containing up to 99% sodium carbonate.

- 851

106.00

sol in 3.5 parts

2.53

SODIUM CHLORATE
7775-09-9

colourless; cubic or trigonal crystals; white powder; pale yellow to white crystals; colourless powder; colourless crystals or white granules

122

248

106.5

@ 15 °C

3.7

SODIUM CHLORIDE
7647-14-5

colourless, transparent crystals or white, crystalline powder

1413

801

58.44

@ 0 °C; 9.2 g/100 ml

@ 25 °C/4 °C

@ 865 °C

SODIUM CHLORITE
7758-19-2

white crystalline solid; crystals or flakes

180-200

90.44

@ 5 °C 39 g/100 g

2.468 g/ml in crystalline form

SODIUM ETHYLATE
141-52-6

white or yellowish powder; white powder sometimes having brownish tinge

68.06

SODIUM HYDROXIDE
1310-73-2

lumps, chips, pellets, sticks; white flakes or cake; fused solid with cryst fracture

1390

318.4

40.01

1 g/ 0.9 ml

@ 25 °C

@ 739 °C

SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE
7681-52-9

in solution only; greenish yellow liquid

74.44

sol

1.21

SODIUM IODIDE
7681-82-5

colourless, cubic crystals; white crystals or granules; white powder

1304

651

149.92

@ 25 °C

3.67

@ 767 °C

SODIUM METHYLATE
124-41-4

amorphous, free flowing powder

127 decomp

54.03

reacts

0.45

70-80

SODIUM MONOHYDROGEN PHOSPHATE
7558-79-4

colourless, or white, granular salt

141.98

sol 8 parts 25 °C

SODIUM NITRATE
7631-99-4

colourless, trigonal or rhombohedron crystals; white granules or powder

380 decomp

308

85.01

@ 25 °C

2.26

SODIUM NITRITE
7632-00-0

colourless-yellow rhombohedral prisms; white or slightly yellow granules, rods, or powder; slightly yellowish or white crystals, pellets, sticks or powder

320 decomp

271

69.00

sol

2.26

SODIUM PEROXIDE
1313-60-6

yellowish-white, granular powder; white powder turning yellow on exposure to atmosphere; yellowish-white powder turns yellow when heated

657 decomp

460 decomp

77.99

v sol

2.805

SODIUM PHOSPHATE
7601-54-9

163.94

8.8 g /100 ml

@ 17.5 °C

SODIUM TRIPOLYPHOSPHATE
7758-29-4

powder and granules; white powder

367.86

sol

TETRAMETHYLAMMONIUM CHLORIDE
75-57-0

white crystalline solid

420

109.6

sol

1.1690

 

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Contents

Preface
Part I. The Body
Part II. Health Care
Part III. Management & Policy
Part IV. Tools and Approaches
Part V. Psychosocial and Organizational Factors
Part VI. General Hazards
Part VII. The Environment
Part VIII. Accidents and Safety Management
Part IX. Chemicals
Part X. Industries Based on Biological Resources
Part XI. Industries Based on Natural Resources
Part XII. Chemical Industries
Part XIII. Manufacturing Industries
Part XIV. Textile and Apparel Industries
Part XV. Transport Industries
Part XVI. Construction
Part XVII. Services and Trade
Part XVIII. Guides