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Saturday, 06 August 2011 03:19

Amines, Aliphatic: Physical & Chemical Hazards

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Chemical Name

CAS-Number

Physical

Chemical

UN Class or Division /  Subsidiary Risks

ACETALDEHYDE-OXIME
107-29-9

3

ALLYLAMINE
107-11-9

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

The substance decomposes on heating and on burning producing toxic fumes (nitrogen oxides) • Reacts violently with oxidants causing explosion hazard • Reacts violently with acids and acid anhydrides Corrosive to copper (alloys), aluminium, zinc (alloys) and steel

6.1/ 3

BUTYLAMINE
109-73-9

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

On combustion, forms carbon monoxide and oxides of nitrogen • Reacts with strong oxidants, acids

3/ 8

sec-BUTYLAMINE
13952-84-6

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

The substance decomposes on burning producing toxic fumes and gases (ammonia, oxides of nitrogen) • The substance is a weak base, forming water-soluble salts with acids • Reacts with strong oxidants and strong acids • Corrosive to tin, aluminum, and some steels

CYCLOHEXYLAMINE
108-91-8

The vapour is heavier than air

The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic gases (nitrogen oxides) • The substance is a strong base, it reacts violently with acid and is corrosive • Reacts violently with strong oxidants causing fire hazard

8/ 3

DIALLYLAMINE
124-02-7

The vapour mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed

May explode on heating • On contact with hot surfaces or flames this substance decomposes forming toxic and corrosive fumes (nitrogen oxides) • The substance is a medium strong base • Reacts violently with oxidants and acids • Attacks copper, tin, aluminium and zinc • Solutions of diallylamine in water may attack glass

6.1/ 3

DIBUTYLAMINE
111-92-2

8/ 3

DICYCLOHEXYLAMINE
101-83-7

8

DIETHANOLAMINE
111-42-2

The vapour is heavier than air

The substance decomposes on burning producing toxic fumes • The solution in water is a medium strong base • Reacts violently with oxidants • Reacts violently with strong acids and anhydrides • Attacks copper

DIETHYLAMINE
109-89-7

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

On combustion, forms carbon monoxide and oxides of nitrogen • Upon heating, toxic fumes are formed • The solution in water is a medium strong base • Reacts with oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard

3/ 8

2-DIETHYLAMINOETHANOL
100-37-8

On combustion, forms toxic gases (nitrogen oxides) • Reacts violently with oxidants, acids, acid chlorides, and isocyanates • Attacks light metals and copper

3

DIETHYLENETRIAMINE
111-40-0

The vapour is heavier than air

The substance decomposes on burning producing toxic fumes • The solution in water is a strong base, it reacts violently with acid and is corrosive • Reacts violently with strong oxidants, nitric acid, and organic nitro compounds • Attacks many metals in presence of water

8

DIISOPROPYLAMINE
108-18-9

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

The substance decomposes on heating and on burning producing toxic and corrosive fumes (eg • NOx) • The substance is a medium strong base and reacts violently with strong acids • Reacts violently with strong oxidants • Reacts with a lot of compounds like organic chlorides, nitriles, oxides, etc • Attacks many metals forming combustible gas (Hydrogen): aluminium, zinc, copper and tin

3/ 8

DIMETHYLAMINE
124-40-3

The gas is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

The substance decomposes on burning producing toxic fumes (nitrogen oxides) • The substance is a medium strong base • Reacts violently with strong oxidants, such as chlorine • Reacts violently with mercury causing fire and explosion hazard • Attacks plastics, rubber, and coatings

2.1

DIMETHYLETHANOLAMINE
108-01-0

The vapour is heavier than air

Reacts with strong oxidants and many other substances, causing fire and explosion hazard • Attacks copper

8/ 3

3,3'-DIAMINODIPROPYLAMINE
56-18-8

6.1

DIISOPROPANOLAMINE
110-97-4

Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air

The substance decomposes on heating andon burning producing toxic gases (nitrogen oxides) • The substance is a strong oxidant and reacts with combustible and reducing materials • The solution in water is a medium strong base and reacts with strong acids • Reacts violently with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard

ETHANOLAMINE
141-43-5

8

ETHYLAMINE
75-04-7

The gas is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible • Do not use compressed air when filling, emptying, or processing

The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic gases including nitrogen oxides • The solution in water is a strong base • It reacts violently with acid, strong oxidants and organic compounds causing fire and explosion hazard • Attacks many non-ferrous metals and plastics

3/ 8

ETHYLENEDIAMINE
107-15-3

The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic fumes (nitrogen oxides) • The substance is a medium strong base • Reacts violently with chlorinated organic compounds strong oxidants

8/ 3

ETHYLENIMINE
151-56-4

The vapour is heavier than air Compilerand may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible • The vapour mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed

The substance may polymerize under the influence of aqueous acidic conditions, acids, oxidising materials • On combustion, forms toxic and irritating fumes including nitrogen oxides • The substance is a medium strong base

6.1/ 3

HEXAMETHYLENEDIAMINE
124-09-4

Upon heating, toxic fumes are formed • The solution in water is a strong base, it reacts violently with acid and is corrosive • Reacts with oxidants • Attacks many metals in presence of water

8

ISOBUTYLAMINE
78-81-9

3/ 8

ISOPHORONE DIAMINE
2855-13-2

May explode on heating • Reacts with brass, copper, zinc and tin • Reacts violently with acids • Attacks many metals

8

ISOPROPANOLAMINE
78-96-6

On combustion, forms nitrous oxide • Reacts with strong oxidants

ISOPROPYLAMINE
75-31-0

3

METHYLAMINE
74-89-5

The gas is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

The substance decomposes on burning producing toxic fumes (nitrogen oxides) • The substance is a medium strong base • Reacts violently with mercury causing fire and explosion hazard • Reacts violently with strong oxidants, such as chlorine

2.1

DIPENTYLAMINE
2050-92-2

The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic and irritating gases (nitrogen oxides) • Reacts with oxidants

PROPYLAMINE
107-10-8

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

The substance decomposes on heating or on burning producing toxic gases (nitrogen oxides) • The substance is a medium strong base • Reacts violently with oxidants and mercury causing fire and explosion hazard, Reacts violently with concentrated acids, nitroparrafins, halogenated hydrocarbons, alcohols and many other compounds • Attacks many metals and alloys, especially copper • Is corrosive to copper (alloys), aluminium, zinc (alloys) and galvanised surfaces • Solutions of propylamine in water may attack glass

3/ 8

TETRAETHYLENEPENTAMINE
112-57-2

8

TRIALLYLAMINE
102-70-5

3/ 8

TRIBUTYLAMINE
102-82-9

8

TRIETHYLAMINE
121-44-8

3/ 8

TRIETHYLENETETRAMINE
112-24-3

On combustion, forms toxic fumes of carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides • The substance is a medium strong base • Reacts violently with oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard • Reacts with acid chlorides, acid anhydrides, aldehydes, ketones, halogenated organic compounds and acrylates • Attacks metals such as aluminium, zinc, copper and its alloys

TRIISOPROPANOLAMINE
122-20-3

On combustion, forms toxic gases of carbon and nitrogen oxides • Reacts with strong oxidants and acids

TRIMETHYLAMINE
75-50-3

The gas is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

The substance decomposes on burning producing toxic gases (nitrous oxides) • The substance is a medium strong base • Reacts violently with mercury causing fire and explosion hazard • Reacts violently with strong oxidants, such as chlorine

2.1

TRIPROPYLAMINE
102-69-2

3/ 8

For UN Class: 1.5 = very insensitive substances which have a mass explosion hazard; 2.1 = flammable gas; 2.3 = toxic gas; 3 = flammable liquid; 4.1 = flammable solid; 4.2 = substance liable to spontaneous combustion; 4.3 = substance which in contact with water emits flammable gases; 5.1 = oxidizing substance; 6.1 = toxic; 7 = radioactive; 8 = corrosive substance

 

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Contents

Preface
Part I. The Body
Part II. Health Care
Part III. Management & Policy
Part IV. Tools and Approaches
Part V. Psychosocial and Organizational Factors
Part VI. General Hazards
Part VII. The Environment
Part VIII. Accidents and Safety Management
Part IX. Chemicals
Part X. Industries Based on Biological Resources
Part XI. Industries Based on Natural Resources
Part XII. Chemical Industries
Part XIII. Manufacturing Industries
Part XIV. Textile and Apparel Industries
Part XV. Transport Industries
Part XVI. Construction
Part XVII. Services and Trade
Part XVIII. Guides