" DISCLAIMER: The ILO does not take responsibility for content presented on this web portal that is presented in any language other than English, which is the language used for the initial production and peer-review of original content. Certain statistics have not been updated since the production of the 4th edition of the Encyclopaedia (1998)."

Sunday, 07 August 2011 00:54

Cyano Compounds: Health Hazards

Written by
Rate this item
(0 votes)

Chemical Name

CAS-Number

ICSC Short-Term Exposure

ICSC Long-Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

ACETONITRILE   75-05-8

eyes; skin; resp tract

Inhalation: abdominal pain, convulsions, laboured breathing, sore throat, unconsciousness, vomiting, weakness, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Kidneys; liver; CVS; CNS; lungs; skin; eyes; resp sys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit nose, throat; asphy; nau, vomit; chest pain; weak; stupor, convuls; in animals: liver, kidney damage

ACRYLONITRILE 107-13-1

eyes; skin; resp tract; liver; CNS

CNS; liver

Inhalation: dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting, weakness, tremor and uncoordinated movements

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, pain, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal pain, headache, nausea, shortness of breath, vomiting, weakness

CVS; liver; kidneys; CNS; skin; brain; lungs; bowels; eyes Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin; asphy; head; sneez; nau, vomit; weak, li-head; skin vesic; scaling derm; (carc)

ALLYL ISOTHIOCYANATE     57-06-7

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: sore throat, cough, laboured breathing

Skin: redness, pain

Eyes: pain, redness, blurred vision

Ingestion: sore throat, burning sensation, nausea, vomiting

BENZONITRILE   100-47-0

eyes; resp tract;

Inhalation: headache, laboured breathing, unconsciousness

Eyes: redness, painIngestion: nausea, vomiting

CALCIUM CYANIDE         592-01-8

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS; blood; heart

skin; reproduction

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, dizziness, headache, red colouration of the skin, laboured breathing, nausea, shortness of breath, unconsciousness, vomiting, convulsions, coma, death

Skin: may be absorbed, skin burns, pain, itching, papules

Eyes: pain, blurred vision, possible permanent loss of vision, severe deep burns

Ingestion: confusion, burning sensation in the mouth, numbness or tightness in throat, salivation, convulsions followed by paralysis

CHLOROACETONITRILE  107-14-2

eyes; skin; resp tract

Inhalation: cough, headache, laboured breathing, sore throat, unconsciousness

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: burning sensation

o-CHLOROBENZYLIDENE MALONONITRILE            2698-41-1

Resp sys; skin; eyes Inh; abs; ing; con

Pain, burn eyes, lac, conj; eryt eyelids, blepharospasm; irrit throat, cough, chest tight; head; eryt, vesic skin

CYANAMIDE       420-04-2

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin; reproduction

Inhalation: cough, shortness of breath

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; eye, skin burns; miosis, salv, lac, twitch; Antabuse-like effects

CYANOGEN BROMIDE     506-68-3

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

lungs

Inhalation: abdominal pain, burning sensation, confusion, convulsions, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, shortness of breath, unconsciousness, vomiting, asphyxia, anxiety, irregular heartbeat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, pain, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, severe deep burns, tear drawing

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, burning sensation

CYANOGEN CHLORIDE   506-77-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; skin

Inhalation: confusion, drowsiness, nausea, sore throat, irritation, unconsciousness, vomiting, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: redness, pain, the liquid may be absorbed, on contact with liquid: frostbite

Eyes: on contact with liquid: frostbite, redness, pain

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS; CVS Inh; abs (liq); con (liq)

Irrit eyes, upper resp sys; cough, delayed pulm edema; weak, head, gidd, dizz, conf, nau, vomit; irreg heartbeat; irrit skin (liq)

DICYANODIAMIDE          461-58-5

Inhalation: abdominal pain, dizziness, nausea, shortness of breath

Skin: redness, skin burns

Eyes: loss of vision, severe deep burns

HYDROGEN CYANIDE     74-90-8

Inhalation: numbness or tightness in throat and stiffness in lower jaw, confusion, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting, weakness

Skin: may be absorbed

Eyes: vapour will be absorbed, see inhalation

Ingestion: burning sensation

CVS; CNS; thyroid; blood Inh; abs; ing; con

Asphy; weak, head, conf; nau, vomit; incr rate and depth of respiration or respiration slow and gasping; thyroid, blood changes

2-HYDROXY-2-METHYLPROPIONITRILE 75-86-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; intracellular oxygen metabolism

Inhalation: confusion, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting, weakness

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: confusion, dizziness, laboured breathing, unconsciousness, vomiting

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS; CVS; liver; kidneys; GI tract Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; dizz, weak, head, conf, convuls; liver, kidney inj; pulm edema, asphy

IODINE CYANIDE            506-78-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; intracellular oxygen metabolism

Inhalation: confusion, cough, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting, weakness

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: confusion, dizziness, laboured breathing, unconsciousness, vomiting

POTASSIUM CYANIDE     151-50-8

eyes; skin; resp tract

thyroid gland

Inhalation: confusion, convulsions, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, shortness of breath, unconsciousness, vomiting, weakness, asphyxiant, anxiety, irregular heart beat, tightness in the chest

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: vapour will be absorbed, redness

Ingestion: salivation, abdominal cramps, burning sensation

CVS; CNS; eyes; skin; thyroid; blood Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin; asphy; weak, head, conf; nau, vomit; incr resp rate; slow gasping respiration; thyroid, blood changes

PROPIONITRILE 107-12-0

eyes; skin; resp tract; cellular metabolism; CNS

skin; birth defects

Inhalation: confusion, asphyxia dizziness, dullness, headache, nausea, vomiting

Skin: may be absorbed, dry skin, pain

Eyes: severe deep burns

Ingestion: unconsciousness

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS; CNS; liver; kidneys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; nau, vomit; chest pain; weak; stupor; convuls; in animals: liver, kidney damage

SODIUM CYANIDE          143-33-9

Inhalation: burning sensation, headache, shortness of breath, sore throat, unconsciousness, weakness, seizure

Skin: may be absorbed, skin burns, burning sensation, pain

Eyes: pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, diarrhoea, vomiting

CVS; CNS; eyes; skin; thyroid; blood Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin; asphy; weak, head, conf; nau, vomit; incr resp rate; slow gasping respiration; thyroid, blood changes

TETRAMETHYLSUCCINONITRILE     3333-52-6

CNS

Skin: Inhalation: convulsions, dizziness, headache, nausea, unconsciousness, vomitingmay be absorbed

CNS; liver; kidneys; GI tract Inh; abs; ing; con

Head, nau; convuls, coma; liver, kidney, GI effects

 

Back

Read 3113 times Last modified on Friday, 09 December 2011 19:53

Contents

Preface
Part I. The Body
Part II. Health Care
Part III. Management & Policy
Part IV. Tools and Approaches
Part V. Psychosocial and Organizational Factors
Part VI. General Hazards
Part VII. The Environment
Part VIII. Accidents and Safety Management
Part IX. Chemicals
Part X. Industries Based on Biological Resources
Part XI. Industries Based on Natural Resources
Part XII. Chemical Industries
Part XIII. Manufacturing Industries
Part XIV. Textile and Apparel Industries
Part XV. Transport Industries
Part XVI. Construction
Part XVII. Services and Trade
Part XVIII. Guides