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Sunday, 07 August 2011 01:04

Epoxy Compounds: Health Hazards

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Chemical Name

CAS-Number

ICSC Short-Term Exposure

ICSC Long-Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

ALLYL GLYCIDYL ETHER     106-92-3

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Eyes; resp sys; skin; liver; kidneys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, muc memb; pulm edema; in animals: liver, kidney inj

BUTYL GLYCIDYL ETHER     2426-08-6

skin

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS; blood Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose; sens; narco; possible hemato effects; CNS depres

DIGLYCIDYL ETHER     2238-07-5

Skin; eyes; resp sys; repro sys (in animals: skin tumors) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; skin burns; in animals: hemato sys, lung, liver, kidney damage; repro effects; (carc)

EPICHLOROHYDRIN     106-89-8

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS

skin; asthma; genes; reproduction system

Inhalation: pain, burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, shortness of breath, vomiting, headache, unconsciousness

Skin: may be absorbed, pain, redness, severe skin burns

Eyes: pain, blurred vision, severe deep burns

Ingestion: burning sensation, abdominal cramps, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, unconsciousness

Resp sys; skin; kidneys; eyes; liver; repro sys (in animals: nasal cancer) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin with deep pain; nau, vomit; abdom pain; resp distress, cough; cyan; repro effects; (carc)

1,2-EPOXYBUTANE      106-88-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: burning sensation, confusion, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, unconsciousness, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: abdominal pain

1,2-EPOXYPROPANE      75-56-9

Eyes; skin; resp sys (in animals: nasal tumors) Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; blisters, burns; (carc)

2,3-EPOXYPROPANOL     556-52-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS

skin

Inhalation: cough, irritant, dizziness, narcotic, laboured breathing

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, irritant

Eyes: redness, severe irritant, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, irritant

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; narco

ETHYLENE OXIDE          75-21-8

Eyes; blood; resp sys; liver; CNS; kidneys; skin; repro sys (peritoneal cancer, leukemia) Inh; ing (liq); con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; peculiar taste; head; nau, vomit, diarr; dysp, cyan, pulm edema; drow; inco; EKG abnor; eye, skin burns (liq or high vap conc); liq: frostbite; repro effects; (carc); in animals: convuls; liver, kidney damage

FURFURAL         98-01-1

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS

skin; liver; kidneys

Inhalation: cough, headache, laboured breathing, shortness of breath, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, pain

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, diarrhoea, headache, sore throat, vomiting

Eyes; resp sys; skin Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, upper resp sys; head; derm

FURFURYL ALCOHOL      98-00-0

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: cough, shortness of breath, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness, pain, lachrymation, blurred vision, swelling of the eyelids

Ingestion: unconsciousness

Resp sys; eyes; skin; CNS Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, muc memb; dizz; nau, diarr; diuresis; resp, body temperature depres; vomit; derm

ISOPROPYL GLYCIDYL ETHER  4016-14-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

Eyes; skin; resp sys; blood; repro sys Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, upper resp sys; skin sens; possible hemato, repro effects

PHENYL GLYCIDYL ETHER     122-60-1

Eyes; skin; CNS; hemato sys; repro sys (in animals: nasal cancer) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, upper resp sys; skin sens; narco; possible hemato, repro effects; (carc)

TETRAHYDROFURAN     109-99-9

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

skin; liver; kidneys

Inhalation: dizziness, headache, nausea, unconsciousness

Skin: dry skin, redness, roughness

Eyes: redness, pain

Resp sys; skin; eyes; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, upper resp sys; nau, dizz, head, CNS depres

VINYL CYCLOHEXENE DIOXIDE            106-87-6

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: laboured breathing, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, swelling

Eyes: redness

Eyes; skin; resp sys; blood; thymus; repro sys (in animals: skin tumors) Inh; abs; ing; con

In animals: irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; testicular atrophy; leupen; nec thymus; skin sens; (carc)

 

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Contents

Preface
Part I. The Body
Part II. Health Care
Part III. Management & Policy
Part IV. Tools and Approaches
Part V. Psychosocial and Organizational Factors
Part VI. General Hazards
Part VII. The Environment
Part VIII. Accidents and Safety Management
Part IX. Chemicals
Part X. Industries Based on Biological Resources
Part XI. Industries Based on Natural Resources
Part XII. Chemical Industries
Part XIII. Manufacturing Industries
Part XIV. Textile and Apparel Industries
Part XV. Transport Industries
Part XVI. Construction
Part XVII. Services and Trade
Part XVIII. Guides