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Sunday, 07 August 2011 05:57

Glycol Ethers: Health Hazards

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Chemical Name

CAS-Number

ICSC Short-Term Exposure

ICSC Long-Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

1,4-BUTANEDIOL DIGLYCIDYL ETHER     2425-79-8

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL DIETHYL ETHER 112-36-7

eyes; skin; resp tract

Inhalation: cough

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: diarrhoea, headache, nausea, vomiting

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL DIGLYCIDYL ETHER     4206-61-5

lungs

skin; CNS; blood; kidneys

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER     112-34-5

eyes; skin; CNS

skin

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: headache, unconsciousness, vomiting

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOETHYL ETHER     111-90-0

lungs

skin

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER     111-77-3

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin; lungs; may impair male fertility

Skin: redness, roughness

Eyes: redness

DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL METHYL ETHER  34590-94-8

Skin: dry skin

Resp sys; eyes; CNS Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; weak, li-head, head

2-ETHOXYETHANOL     110-80-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS; liver; kidneys

skin; male fertility; birth defects

Inhalation: cough, drowsiness, headache, shortness of breath, sore throat, weakness

Skin: may be absorbed

Eyes: Blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting

Resp sys; eyes; blood; kidneys; liver; repro sys; hemato sys Inh; abs; ing; con

In animals: irrit eyes, resp sys; blood changes; liver, kidney, lung damage; repro, terato effects

ETHYLENE GLYCOL ETHYL ETHER ACETATE     111-15-9

CNS; blood

liver; kidneys

Inhalation: cough, drowsiness, headache, nausea, shortness of breath, sore throat, vomiting

Skin: may be absorbed, dizziness, headache, nausea and vomiting

Eyes: blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal pain, drowsiness, headache, nausea, vomiting

Resp sys; eyes; GI tract; repro sys; hemato sys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose; vomit; kidney damage; para; in animals: repro, terato effects

ETHYLENE GLYCOL METHYL ETHER  109-86-4

eyes; resp tract; CNS; liver; kidneys

Inhalation: confusion, dizziness, headache, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting, weakness

Skin: may be absorbed

Eyes: blurred vision

Eyes; resp sys; CNS; blood; kidneys; repro sys; hemato sys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; head, drow, weak; ataxia, tremor, som; anemic pallor, in animals: repro, terato effects

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER     111-76-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS; liver; kidneys

skin

Inhalation: cough, drowsiness, headache, nausea

Skin: may be absorbed, dry skin

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal pain, diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting

Liver; kidneys; lymphoid sys; skin; blood; eyes; resp sys; hemato sys; CNS Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; hemolysis, hemog; CNS depres, head, vomit

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER ACETATE           112-07-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; kidneys; blood

skin; liver; bone marrow

Inhalation: cough, headache, nausea

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS; hemato sys; blood; kidneys; liver; lymphoid sys imh

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; hemolysis, hemog; CNS depres, head, vomit

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER ACETATE           110-49-6

CNS

skin; liver; kidneys;blood

Inhalation: Confusion, dizziness, headache, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting, weakness.

Skin: Dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting

Eyes: Blurred vision.

Ingestion: Abdominal pain, burning sensation, confusion, dizziness, headache, nausea, unconsciousness.

Eyes; resp sys; kidneys; brain; CNS; PNS; repro sys; hemato sys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; kidney, brain damage; in animals: narco; repro, terato effects

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOPROPYL ETHER     2807-30-9

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

blood; spleen; kidneys

Inhalation: confusion, cough, headache, nausea, sore throat, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: redness, burning sensation

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: confusion, diarrhoea, headache, nausea, vomiting

ETHYLENE GLYCOL PHENYL ETHER  122-99-6

eyes; skin

Inhalation: sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, sore throat

PROPYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER     107-98-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; nose; throat; CNS

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, headache, nausea

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: lacrimation, redness

Ingestion: diarrhoea, drowsiness, headache, nausea, vomiting, incoordination or possible unconsciousness

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; head, nau, li-head, drow, inco; vomit, diarr

 

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Contents

Preface
Part I. The Body
Part II. Health Care
Part III. Management & Policy
Part IV. Tools and Approaches
Part V. Psychosocial and Organizational Factors
Part VI. General Hazards
Part VII. The Environment
Part VIII. Accidents and Safety Management
Part IX. Chemicals
Part X. Industries Based on Biological Resources
Part XI. Industries Based on Natural Resources
Part XII. Chemical Industries
Part XIII. Manufacturing Industries
Part XIV. Textile and Apparel Industries
Part XV. Transport Industries
Part XVI. Construction
Part XVII. Services and Trade
Part XVIII. Guides