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Sunday, 07 August 2011 06:26

Halogens & Their Compounds: Health Hazards

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Chemical Name

CAS-Number

ICSC Short-Term Exposure

ICSC Long-Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

BROMINE          7726-95-6

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin; lungs

Inhalation: corrosive, burning sensation, cough, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, sore throat

Skin: corrosive, redness, skin burns, pain

Eyes: corrosive, redness, pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: corrosive, abdominal cramps, burning sensation, sore throat, collapse

Resp sys; eyes; CNS; skin Inh; ing; con

Dizz, head; lac, epis; cough, feeling of oppression, pulm edema, pneu; abdom pain, diarr; measle-like eruptions; eye, skin burns

BROMINE PENTAFLUORIDE     7789-30-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

liver; kidneys; resp tract

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, shortness of breath, sore throat

Skin: skin burns, pain, blisters

Eyes: pain, blurred vision, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal pain, burning sensation

Eyes; skin; resp sys; liver; kidneys Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; corn nec; skin burns; cough; dysp, pulm edema; liver, kidney inj

CARBONYL FLUORIDE     353-50-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; skin

blood

Inhalation: cough, laboured breathing, sore throat, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: redness, on contact with liquid: frostbite

Eyes: redness

Eyes; skin; resp sys; bone Inh; con

Irrit eyes, skin, muc memb, resp sys; eye, skin burns; lac; cough; pulm edema, dysp; chronic exposure: GI pain, musc fib, skeletal fluorosis; liq: frostbite

CHLORINE         7782-50-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; skin

lungs

Inhalation: corrosive, burning sensation, cough, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, shortness of breath, sore throat, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: corrosive, skin burns, pain

Eyes: corrosive, pain, blurred vision, severe deep burns

Resp sys, eyes, skin Inh; con

Burning of eyes, nose, mouth; lac, rhin; cough, choking, subs pain; nau, vomit; head, dizz; syncope; pulm edema; pneu; hypox; derm; liq: frostbite

CHLORINE OXIDE     10049-04-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; skin

lungs

Inhalation: corrosive, cough, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, shortness of breath, sore throat, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: corrosive, redness, serious skin burns, pain

Resp sys; eyes Inh; ing (liq); con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; cough, wheez, bron, pulm edema; chronic bron

CHLORINE TRIFLUORIDE     7790-91-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: cough, laboured breathing, sore throat

Skin: corrosive, redness, serious skin burns, pain

Eyes: permanent loss of vision, severe deep burns, blindness

Skin; eyes; resp sys Inh; ing (liq); con

Eye, skin burns (liq or high vap conc); resp irrit; in animals: lac; corn ulcer; pulm edema

FLUORINE         7782-41-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: corrosive, cough, shortness of breath, sore throat, choking

Skin: corrosive, redness, serious skin burns, on contact with liquid: frostbite

Eyes: redness, severe deep burns

Resp sys; eyes; liver; kidneys Inh; con

Irrit eyes, nose, resp sys; lar spasm, bron spasm; pulm edema; eye, skin burns; in animals: liver, kidney damage

HYDROGEN FLUORIDE     7664-39-3

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: cough, laboured breathing, sore throat, symptoms may have delayed effects

Skin: may be adsorbed, serious skin burns

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal pain, diarrhoea, sore throat, vomiting, symptoms may have delayed effects

Eyes; resp sys; skin; bone Inh; abs (liq); ing (soln); con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; pulm edema; eye, skin burns; rhinitis; bron; bone changes

OXYGEN DIFLUORIDE     7783-41-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: cough, laboured breathing, sore throat

Skin: on contact with liquid: frostbite

Resp sys; eyes; skin Inh; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; head; pulm edema; eye, skin burns (from contact with the gas under pressure)

PERCHLORYL FLUORIDE     7616-94-6

resp tract; skin

blood

Inhalation: headache

Skin: on contact with liquid: frostbite

Eyes: severe deep burns

Resp sys; skin; blood Inh; con (liq)

Irrit resp sys; liq: frostbite; in animals: methemo; cyan; weak; dizz, head; pulm edema; pneuitis; anoxia

PHOSGENE       75-44-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

lungs

Inhalation: corrosive, burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, shortness of breath, sore throat

Resp sys; skin; eyes Inh; con (liq)

Irrit eyes; dry, burning throat; vomit; cough, foamy sputum, dysp, chest pain, cyan; liq: frostbite

SULPHUR CHLORIDE     10025-67-9

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; corrosive on ingestion

skin

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, vomiting

Skin: redness, skin burns, burning sensation, pain, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, severe deep burns

Resp sys; skin; eyes Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, muc memb; lac; cough; eye, skin burns; pulm edema

SULPHUR HEXAFLUORIDE     2551-62-4

skin

Skin: on contact with liquid: frostbite

Eyes: corneal damage

Resp sys Inh

Asphy: incr breath rate, pulse rate; slight musc inco, emotional upset; ftg, nau, vomit, convuls

SULPHUR PENTAFLUORIDE     5714-22-7

Resp sys; CNS; eyes; skin Inh; ing; con

Irrit eys, skin, resp sys; in animals: pulm edema, hemorr

 

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Contents

Preface
Part I. The Body
Part II. Health Care
Part III. Management & Policy
Part IV. Tools and Approaches
Part V. Psychosocial and Organizational Factors
Part VI. General Hazards
Part VII. The Environment
Part VIII. Accidents and Safety Management
Part IX. Chemicals
Part X. Industries Based on Biological Resources
Part XI. Industries Based on Natural Resources
Part XII. Chemical Industries
Part XIII. Manufacturing Industries
Part XIV. Textile and Apparel Industries
Part XV. Transport Industries
Part XVI. Construction
Part XVII. Services and Trade
Part XVIII. Guides