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Sunday, 07 August 2011 06:54

Hydrocarbons, Saturated & Alicyclic: Health Hazards

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Chemical Name    

CAS-Number

ICSC Short-Term Exposure

ICSC Long-Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

BUTANE            106-97-8

Inhalation: drowsiness

Skin: on contact with liquid: frostbite

Eyes: on contact with liquid: frostbite

CNS inh; con (liq)

Drow, narco, asphy; liq: frostbite

CYCLOHEXANE  110-82-7

eyes; skin; upper resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: dizziness, headache, nausea

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Eyes; resp sys; skin; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; drow; derm; narco, coma

CYCLOPENTANE     287-92-3

eyes; skin; upper resp tract; lungs; CNS

skin

Inhalation: dizziness, headache, nausea, unconsciousness, weakness

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: abdominal pain, diarrhoea, dizziness, nausea, sore throat

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eys, skin, nose, throat; li-head, dizz, euph, inco, nau, vomit, stupor; dry, cracking skin

DECANE            124-18-5

lungs

skin; kidneys; blood

Inhalation: confusion, drowsiness

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

ETHANE            74-84-0

skin

Inhalation: simple axphyxiant.

Skin: on contact with liquid: frostbite

Eyes: on contact with liquid: frosbite

HEPTANE          142-82-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS

skin

Inhalation: dullness, headache

Skin: dry skin, burning sensation

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting

Skin; resp sys; CNS Inh; ing; con

Li-head, gidd, stupor, verti, inco; loss of appetite, nau; derm; chemical pneu (aspir liq); uncon

HEXANE            110-54-3

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS; liver

skin; PNS; genes

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, dullness, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, unconsciousness, weakness

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Skin; eyes; resp sys; CNS; PNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose; li-head; nau, head; peri neur: numb extremities, musc weak; derm; gidd; chemical pneu (aspir liq)

2-METHYLBUTANE          78-78-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; heart

skin

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, shortness of breath, sore throat, irregular heartbeat

Skin: dry skin, defats the skin redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting

METHYLCYCLOHEXANE     108-87-2

lungs; CNS

skin

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: nausea

Resp sys; skin; eyes; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; li-head, drow; in animals: narco

2-METHYLHEPTANE     592-27-8

skin

Skin: redness

OCTANE            111-65-9

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: confusion, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, unconsciousness

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness, painIngestion: vomiting

Skin; eyes; resp sys; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose; drow; derm; chemical pneu (aspir liq); in animals: narco

PENTANE          109-66-0

lungs; CNS

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, headache, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting

Skin: dry skin

Skin; eyes; resp sys; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose; derm; chemical pneu (aspir liq); drow; in animals: narco

PROPANE          74-98-6

skin

Inhalation: simple axphyxiant.

Skin: on contact with liquid: frostbite

Eyes: on contact with liquid: frosbite

CNS Inh; con (liq)

Dizz, conf, excitation, asphy; liq: frostbite

2,2,4-TRIMETHYLPENTANE     540-84-1

eyes; skin; resp tract; kidneys; liver

skin; kidneys; liver

Inhalation: confusion, dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting

Skin: redness, pain

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: vomiting

 

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Contents

Preface
Part I. The Body
Part II. Health Care
Part III. Management & Policy
Part IV. Tools and Approaches
Part V. Psychosocial and Organizational Factors
Part VI. General Hazards
Part VII. The Environment
Part VIII. Accidents and Safety Management
Part IX. Chemicals
Part X. Industries Based on Biological Resources
Part XI. Industries Based on Natural Resources
Part XII. Chemical Industries
Part XIII. Manufacturing Industries
Part XIV. Textile and Apparel Industries
Part XV. Transport Industries
Part XVI. Construction
Part XVII. Services and Trade
Part XVIII. Guides