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Sunday, 07 August 2011 07:06

Halogenated Saturated Hydrocarbons: Health Hazards

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Chemical Name    

CAS-Number

ICSC Short-Term Exposure

ICSC Long-Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

BROMOFORM     75-25-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; may effect CNS; liver; kidneys; heart; blood

skin

Inhalation: reddening of the face, salivation, disturbance of movements, convulsions, cough, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, unconsciousness, loss of memory, shock, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: burning sensation

Eyes; skin; liver; kidneys; resp sys; CNS Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; CNS depres; liver, kidney damage

CARBON TETRABROMIDE     558-13-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS; liver; kidneys

liver

Inhalation: sore throat, cough, laboured breathing, dullness, drowsiness, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: redness, pain, serious skin burns

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: sore throat, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, dullness

Eyes; skin; resp sys; kidneys; liver Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; lac; lung, liver, kidney inj; in animals: corn damage

CARBON TETRACHLORIDE     56-23-5

eyes; CNS; liver; kidneys

skin; CNS

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, headache, nausea

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, pain

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, diarrhoea

CNS; eyes; lungs; liver; kidneys; skin (in animals: liver cancer) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin; CNS depres; nau, vomit; liver, kidney inj; drow, dizz, inco; (carc)

CHLOROBROMOMETHANE     74-97-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

kidneys; liver

Inhalation: confusion, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, unconsciousnessSkin: dry skin, redness, roughnessEyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Skin; liver; kidneys; resp sys; eyes; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, throat; conf, dizz, CNS depres; pulm edema

CHLOROFORM   67-66-3

eyes; skin; resp tract; may effect CNS; CVS; GI tract; liver; kidneys

skin

Inhalation: cough, drowsiness, headache, nausea

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, pain

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, vomiting

Liver; kidneys; heart; eyes; skin; CNS (in animals: liver & kidney cancer) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin; dizz, mental dullness, nau, conf; head, ftg; anes; enlarged liver; (carc)

2-CHLORO-2-METHYLPROPANE          507-20-0

Eyes; skin; resp sys

1,2-DIBROMO-3-CHLORO­PROPANE          96-12-8

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; liver; kidneys

liver; kidneys

Inhalation: extremely irritating, burning sensation, cough, headache, shortness of breath, sore throat, weakness

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: burning sensation, nausea, sore throat, vomiting

CNS; skin; liver; kidneys; spleen; repro system; GI tract; resp sys; digestive sys (in animals: cancer of the nasal cavity, tongue, pharynx, lungs, stomach, adrenal & mammary glands) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; drow; nau, vomit; pulm edema; liver, kidney inj; sterility; (carc)

DIBROMOETHANE          74-95-3

eyes; skin; resp tract; may effect CNS; kidneys; liver

skin

Inhalation: dizziness, respiratory failure, nausea, headache, vomiting, narcosis.diarrhoea, dullness

Skin: may be absorbed, dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: gastro-intestinal irritation

1,2-DIBROMOETHANE     106-93-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

lungs; liver; kidneys; carcinogenic to humans; human reproduction

Inhalation: Burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, shortness of breath, unconsciousness.

Skin: May be absorbed! Pain., redness, blisters

Eyes: Pain, redness, severe deep burns.

Ingestion: Abdominal cramps, confusion, diarrhoea, headache (further see Inhalation).

Resp sys; liver; kidneys; skin; eyes; repro sys (in animals: skin & lung tumors) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; derm with vesic; liver, heart, spleen, kidney damage; repro effects; (carc)

1,1-DICHLOROETHANE    75-34-3

eyes; resp tract; CNS

skin; liver; kidneys

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, dullness, nausea, unconsciousness

Skin: dry skin, roughness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: burning sensation

Skin; liver; kidneys; lungs; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit skin; CNS depres; liver, kidney, lung damage

1,1-DICHLOROPROPANE 78-99-9

aerosol irritates eyes and skin

Skin: redness, pain

1,2-DICHLOROPROPANE 78-87-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; nervous system

dermatitis; liver ; blood; malformations in human babies

Inhalation: Anorexia, diarrhoea, drowsiness, headache, sore throat.

Skin: Dry skin, redness, pain.

Eyes: Redness, pain.

Ingestion: Abdominal pain, diarrhoea, drowsiness, headache, nausea, vomiting.

Eyes; skin; resp sys; liver; kidneys; CNS (in animals: liver & mammary gland tumors) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; drow, li-head; liver, kidney damage; in animals: CNS depres; (carc)

1,3-DICHLOROPROPANE 142-28-9

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; may effect blood; CNS; liver

skin

Skin: redness, pain

ETHYL BROMIDE            74-96-4

Skin; liver; kidneys; resp sys; CVS; CNS; eyes Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; CNS depres; pulm edema; liver, kidney disease; card arrhy, card arrest

ETHYL CHLORIDE           75-00-3

Inhalation: abdominal cramps, dizziness, dullness, headache

Skin: may be absorbed, on contact with liquid: frostbite

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Liver; kidneys; resp sys; CVS Inh; abs (liq); ing (liq); con

Inco, inebri; abdom cramps; card arrhy, card arrest; liver, kidney damage

ETHYL IODIDE   75-03-6

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS; kidneys; thyroid; liver

Inhalation: unpleasant taste, confusion, cough, drowsiness, shortness of breath, unconsciousness, pain in extremities

Skin: may be absorbed, skin burns, blisters

Eyes: vapour will be absorbed, severe deep burns

ETHYLENE DIBROMIDE   106-93-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

lungs; liver; kidneys; reproduction system

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, shortness of breath, unconsciousness

Skin: may be absorbed, pain, redness, blisters

Eyes: pain, redness, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, confusion, diarrhoea, headache

Resp sys; liver; kidneys; skin; eyes; repro sys (in animals: skin & lung tumors) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; derm with vesic; liver, heart, spleen, kidney damage; repro effects; (carc)

ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE  107-06-2

Kidneys; liver; eyes; skin;CNS; CVS (in animals: forestomach, mammary gland & circulatory sys cancer) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, corn opac; CNS depres; nau, vomit; derm; liver, kidney, CVS damage; (carc)

HEXACHLOROCYCLOHEXANE     608-73-1

eyes; skin; resp tract; may effect CNS

skin; CNS; bone marrow; liver; sex hormones; genitalia

Inhalation: confusion, dizziness, headache, vomiting, weakness, irritability, tremors, paresthesia

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: dizziness, drowsiness, laboured breathing, vomiting, tremors, muscles spasms, convulsions, depression

a-HEXACHLOROCYCLOHEXANE     319-84-6

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

blood; liver

Inhalation: weakness, tremors

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: diarrhoea, dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting

b-HEXACHLOROCYCLOHEXANE     319-85-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

blood; liver; kidneys

Inhalation: weakness, tremors, convulsions

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: diarrhoea, dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting

HEXACHLOROETHANE    67-72-1

CNS

liver; kidneys; CNS

Skin: may be absorbed

Eyes; skin; resp sys; kidneys (in animals: liver cancer) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, muc memb; in animals: kidney damage; (carc)

ISOBUTYL CHLORIDE     513-36-0

eyes; skin; resp tract; may effect CNS

ISOPROPYL CHLOROFORMATE          108-23-6

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

lungs

METHYL BROMIDE          74-83-9

eyes; resp tract; lungs; may effect CNS

skin; lungs; CNS; liver; kidneys; brain

Inhalation: dizziness, headache, abdominal pain, chest pain, vomiting, weakness, hallucinations, loss of speech, incoordination, laboured breathing, lungs oedema, convulsions

Skin: may be absorbed, itching, tingling, burning sensation, redness, blisters, pain, on contact with liquid: frostbite

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision, temporary loss of vision, blindness for 12 hours

CNS; resp sys; skin; eyes (in animals: lung, kidney & forestomach tumors) Inh; abs (liq); con (liq)

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; musc weak, inco, vis dist, verti; nau, vomit, head; mal; hand tremor; convuls; dysp; skin vesic; liq: frostbite; (carc)

METHYL CHLORIDE        74-87-3

CNS: resulting in brain damage; liver; kidneys; bone marrow

Inhalation: confusion, diarrhoea, dizziness, headache, staggering gait, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting, convulsions and respiratory failure

Skin: may be absorbed, on contact with liquid: frostbite

CNS; liver; kidneys; repro sys (in animals: lung, kidney & forestomach tumors) Inh; con (liq)

Dizz, nau, vomit; vis dist, stagger, slurred speech, convuls, coma; liver, kidney damage; liq: frostbite; repro, terato effects; (carc)

METHYL IODIDE 74-88-4

CNS; skin; eyes; repro sys (in animals: lung, kidney & forestomach tumors) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; nau, vomit; verti, ataxia; slurred speech, drow; derm; (carc)

METHYLENE CHLORIDE  75-09-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin; CNS; liver; brain

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, headache, nausea, unconsciousness, weakness, death

Skin: dry skin, redness, burning sensation

Eyes: redness, pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal pain

skin; CVS; eyes; CNS (in animals: lung, liver, salivary & mammary gland tumors) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin; ftg, weak, som, li-head, numb tingle limbs; nau; (carc)

1,1,2,2-TETRACHLOROETHANE   79-34-5

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin; liver; kidneys; CNS

Skin; liver; kidneys; CNS; GI tract ( in animals: liver tumors) Inh; abs; ing; con

Nau, vomit, abdom pain; tremor fingers; jaun, hepatitis, liver tend; derm; monocy; kidney damage; (carc)

1,1,1-TRICHLOROETHANE     71-55-6

eyes; skin; resp tract; inhalation may cause shortness of breath; may effect CNS; liver; kidneys

skin; liver; kidneys

Skin; CVS; CNS; eyes; liver Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin; head, lass, CNS depres, poor equi; derm; card arrhy; liver damage

1,1,2-TRICHLOROETHANE     79-00-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; may effect CNS; liver; kidneys

skin

CNS; eyes; nose; liver; kidneys; kidneys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose; CNS depres; liver, kidney damage; derm; (carc)

1,2,3-TRICHLOROPROPANE     96-18-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; may effect liver

Inhalation: headache, unconsciousness

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Eyes; resp sys; skin; CNS; liver; kidneys (in animals: forestomach, liver & mammary gland cancer) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; CNS depres; in animals: liver, kidney inj; (carc)

 

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Read 2993 times Last modified on Friday, 09 December 2011 19:21

Contents

Preface
Part I. The Body
Part II. Health Care
Part III. Management & Policy
Part IV. Tools and Approaches
Part V. Psychosocial and Organizational Factors
Part VI. General Hazards
Part VII. The Environment
Part VIII. Accidents and Safety Management
Part IX. Chemicals
Part X. Industries Based on Biological Resources
Part XI. Industries Based on Natural Resources
Part XII. Chemical Industries
Part XIII. Manufacturing Industries
Part XIV. Textile and Apparel Industries
Part XV. Transport Industries
Part XVI. Construction
Part XVII. Services and Trade
Part XVIII. Guides