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Tuesday, 09 August 2011 01:25

Isocyanates: Health Hazards

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Chemical Name         CAS-Number

ICSC Short-Term Exposure

ICSC Long-Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

CYCLOHEXYL ISOCYANATE     3173-53-3

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, shortness of breath see ingestion

Skin: redness

Eyes: watering of eyes, redness, pain, blurred vision, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, diarrhoea, vomiting

HEXAMETHYLENE DIISOCYANATE  822-06-0

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, shortness of breath, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, skin burns, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, swelling of eyelids

Eyes; skin; resp sys Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; cough, dysp, bron, wheez, pulm edema, asthma; corn damage, skin blisters

ISOPHORONE DIISOCYANATE  4098-71-9

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin; lungs

Inhalation: cough, sore throat, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Eyes; skin; resp sys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; chest tight, dysp, cough, sore throat; bron, wheez, pulm edema; possible resp sens; asthma

METHYL ISOCYANATE     624-83-9

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin; lungs

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, laboured breathing, shortness of breath, sore throat, unconsciousness, vomiting

Skin: may be absorbed, skin burns, pain

Eyes: pain, loss of vision, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, sore throat, vomiting

Resp sys; eyes; skin Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; resp sens, cough, pulm secretions, chest pain, dysp; asthma; eye, skin damage; in animals: pulm edema

METHYLENE BISPHENYL ISOCYANATE     101-68-8

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: headache, nausea, shortness of breath, sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: pain, may cause corneal damage

Resp sys; eyes Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; resp sens, cough, pulm secretions, chest pain, dysp; asthma

1,5-NAPHTHYLENE DIISOCYANATE  3173-72-6

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin; lungs

Inhalation: cough, laboured breathing, sore throat

Skin: redness, pain

Eyes: redness, pain

Eyes, resp sys Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; resp sens, cough, pulm secretions, chest pain, dysp; asthma

TOLUENE-2,4-DIISOCYANATE  584-84-9

eyes; skin; resp tract; nose

skin; lungs

Eyes; resp sys; skin Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; choke, paroxysmal cough; chest pain, retster soreness; nau, vomit, abdom pain; bron. Bronchospasm, pulm edema; dysp, asthma; conj, lac; derm, skin sens; (carc)

 

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Read 2629 times Last modified on Friday, 09 December 2011 18:58

Contents

Preface
Part I. The Body
Part II. Health Care
Part III. Management & Policy
Part IV. Tools and Approaches
Part V. Psychosocial and Organizational Factors
Part VI. General Hazards
Part VII. The Environment
Part VIII. Accidents and Safety Management
Part IX. Chemicals
Part X. Industries Based on Biological Resources
Part XI. Industries Based on Natural Resources
Part XII. Chemical Industries
Part XIII. Manufacturing Industries
Part XIV. Textile and Apparel Industries
Part XV. Transport Industries
Part XVI. Construction
Part XVII. Services and Trade
Part XVIII. Guides