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Tuesday, 09 August 2011 01:52

Ketones: Health Hazards

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Chemical Name         

 CAS-Number

ICSC Short-Term Exposure

ICSC Long-Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

ACETONE          67-64-1

eyes; resp tract; CNS; liver; kidneys; stomach

skin; CNS; blood cells

Inhalation: salivation, confusion, cough, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, red head, sore throat, unconsciousness

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision, possible corneal damage

Ingestion: nausea, vomiting.

Resp sys; skin; eyes; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; head, dizz, CNS depres; derm

ACETYL BROMIDE     506-96-7

resp tract; skin

Inhalation: cough, sore throat, shortness of breath, laboured breathing, symptoms of delayed effects

Skin: redness, pain, skin burns

Eyes: pain, redness, blurred vision, severe deep burns

Ingestion: burning sensation, abdominal cramps, vomiting.

BENZOPHENONE     119-61-9

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

Inhalation: sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

p-BENZOQUINONE     106-51-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS; liver; kidneys

skin; resp tract; liver; kidneys

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, nose bleeds, laboured breathing, shortness of breath, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed; redness, pain, brown staining, blister

Eyes: redness, pain, loss of vision, brown staining

Ingestion: abdominal pain, burning sensation, diarrhoea, vomiting, death.

Eyes; skin Inh; ing; con

Eye irrit; conj; kera; skin irrit

1-CHLORO-2-PROPANONE     78-95-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: cough, burning sensation, laboured breathing, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, skin burns, burning sensation, pain, delayed effects: blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision.

2-CHLOROACETOPHENONE     532-27-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

skin

Inhalation: burning sensation of chest, cough, headache, laboured breathing, shortness of breath, vomiting, wheezing

Skin: redness, pain

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision, permanent partial loss of vision

Ingestion: unconsciousness, loss of reflexes.

Resp sys; skin; eyes Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; pulm edema

CYCLOHEXANONE     108-94-1

eyes; resp tract; skin

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, drowsiness, dullness, sore throat, unconsciousness

Skin: may be absorbed, dry skin, redness

Eyes: Lacrimation, redness, pain, opacity of the cornea

Ingestion: abdominal pain, burning sensation, drowsiness, dullness, unconsciousness.

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS; liver; kidneys

Irrit eyes; skin; muc memb; head; narco; coma; derm; in animals: liver, kidney damage

CYCLOPENTANONE     120-92-3

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: cough, sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness, pain.

DIACETONE       123-42-2

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS; liver Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; corn damage; in animals: narco, liver damage

DICHLORACETYL CHLORIDE     79-36-7

eyes; skin; upper resp tract

Inhalation: burning sensation , cough, laboured breathing

Skin: redness, pain, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, burning sensation, weakness.

DIETHYL KETONE           96-22-0

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

lungs

Inhalation: cough , shortness of breath

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness.

Resp sys; eyes; skin Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, muc memb, resp sys; cough, sneez

DIKETENE         674-82-8

Inhalation: cough, headache, shortness of breath, dizziness, dullness

Skin: dry skin, redness, pain

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, dizziness, dullness, headache.

2,6-DIMETHYL-4-HEPTANONE      108-83-8

eyes; resp tract; lungs

skin; liver; kidneys

Inhalation: headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, sore throat

Skin: redness, numbness

Eyes: redness

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS; liver; kidneys Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; head, dizz; derm; liver, kidney damage

ETHYL BUTYL KETONE     106-35-4

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin; liver; kidneys

Inhalation: headache, dizziness, sore throat, unconsciousness

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness, pain.

Resp sys; eyes; skin; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, muc memb; head, narco, coma; derm

ISOPHORONE    78-59-1

eyes; skin

skin

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS; liver; kidneys Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; head, nau, dizz, ftg, mal, narco; derm; in animals: kidney, liver damage

KETENE            463-51-4

Inhalation: cough, shortness of breath

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness.

Eyes, skin, resp sys Inh; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat, resp sys; pulm edema

METHYL AMYL KETONE     110-43-0

Eyes: Inhalation: headache, dizziness, blurred vision, unconsciousnessredness.

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS; PNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, muc memb; head, narco, coma; derm

METHYL BUTYL KETONE     591-78-6

eyes; skin; resp tract

Inhalation: cough, drowsiness, headache, unconsciousness

Skin: may be absorbed, dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal pain, diarrhoea, nausea, sore throat.

2-METHYLCYCLOHEXANONE     583-60-8

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

skin; CNS

CNS; skin; resp sys; liver; kidneys Inh; abs; ing; con

In animals: irrit eyes, muc memb; narco; derm

METHYL ETHYL KETONE 78-93-3

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose; head, dizz; vomit; derm

5-METHYL-3-HEPTANONE     541-85-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS

Irrit eyes, skin, muc memb; head, narco, coma; derm

5-METHYL-2-HEXANONE     110-12-3

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin; eyes

Inhalation: headache, dizziness, drowsiness

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: nausea, vomiting.

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS; liver; kidneys Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, muc memb; head, narco, coma; derm; in animals: liver, kidney damage

METHYL ISOBUTYL KETONE     108-10-1

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

skin; thymus; lungs; brain; nasal passage

Inhalation: burning sensation, diarrhoea, headache, nausea, sore throat, unconsciousness, vomiting, weakness

Skin: dry skin, burning sensation

Eyes: redness, pain.

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS; PNS Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose; peri neur; weak, pares; derm; head, drow

METHYL ISOPROPYL KETONE            563-80-4

Inhalation: cough, headache, sore throat, weakness

Skin: may be absorbed

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: nausea, vomiting .

Eyes; skin; resp sys Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, muc memb, resp sys; cough

METHYL PROPYL KETONE     107-87-9

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

skin; liver; kidneys; blood

Inhalation: dullness, drowsiness

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: nausea, vomiting.

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, muc memb; head; derm; narco, coma

2,4-PENTANEDIONE     123-54-6

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, vomiting, ataxia and tremors

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: Redness, pain

Ingestion: diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, weakness, ataxia.

Resp sys eyes; skin; CNS

 

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Read 3333 times Last modified on Friday, 09 December 2011 18:57

Contents

Preface
Part I. The Body
Part II. Health Care
Part III. Management & Policy
Part IV. Tools and Approaches
Part V. Psychosocial and Organizational Factors
Part VI. General Hazards
Part VII. The Environment
Part VIII. Accidents and Safety Management
Part IX. Chemicals
Part X. Industries Based on Biological Resources
Part XI. Industries Based on Natural Resources
Part XII. Chemical Industries
Part XIII. Manufacturing Industries
Part XIV. Textile and Apparel Industries
Part XV. Transport Industries
Part XVI. Construction
Part XVII. Services and Trade
Part XVIII. Guides