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Friday, 12 August 2011 01:20

Phenols & Phenolic Compounds: Health Hazards

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Chemical Name    

CAS-Number

ICSC Short-Term Exposure

ICSC Long-Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

CATECHOL        120-80-9

eyes; skin; resp tract; GI tracts; CNS; blood

skin

Inhalation: cough, laboured breathing

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal pain, diarrhoea, vomiting,

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS; kidneys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; skin sens, derm; lac, burned eyes; convuls, incr BP, kidney inj

p-CHLOROPHENOL     106-48-9

eyes; skin; resp. tract; CNS; bladder

liver; lungs; kidneys; blood; heart

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: abdominal pain

o-CRESOL         95-48-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS

skin; lungs; liver; kidneys

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, vomiting

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, pain, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, burning sensation, collapse

Eyes, skin, resp sys, CNS, liver, kidneys, pancreas, CVS Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, muc memb; CNS effects: conf, depres, resp fail; dysp, irreg rapid resp, weak pulse; eye, skin burns; derm; lung, liver, kidney, pancreas damage

m-CRESOL         108-39-4

CNS

skin; lungs; liver; kidneys; CNS

Inhalation: cough, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, unconsciousness

Skin: may be absorbed, roughness

Eyes: severe deep burns

Ingestion: dizziness, dullness, headache, unconsciousness

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS; liver; kidneys; CVS; pancreas Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, muc memb; CNS effects: conf, depres, resp fail; dysp, irreg rapid resp, weak pulse; eye, skin burns; derm; lung, liver, kidney, pancreas damage

p-CRESOL         106-44-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS

skin; lungs; liver; kidneys

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, vomiting

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, pain, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, burning sensation, collapse

Eyes, skin; resp sys; CNS; liver; kidneys; pancreas; CVS Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, muc memb; CNS effects: conf, depres, resp fail; dysp, irreg rapid resp, weak pulse; eye, skin burns; derm; lung, liver, kidney, pancreas damage

CRESOL, ALL ISOMERS     1319-77-3

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS

skin; lungs; kidneys; liver

Inhalation: confusion, cough, dizziness, headache, shortness of breath, sore throat, unconsciousness, weakness, US NIOSH Symptoms may be delayed

Skin: may cause toxic effects within 20-30 minutes after skin contact, may be absorbed, redness, serious skin burns, pain

Eyes: irritation, pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal pain, diarrhoea, vomiting

2,6-DI-tert-BUTYL-p-CRESOL     128-37-0

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: cough, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, pain

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, diarrhoea, dizziness, headache, vomiting

Eyes, skin Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin; in animals: decr growth rate, incr liver weight

2,4-DICHLOROPHENOL     120-83-2

Ingestion: dizziness, headache, convulsion, body temperature change

2,5-DICHLOROPHENOL     583-78-8

eyes; skin; resp. tract

Inhalation: see ingestion

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, skin burns, pain

Eyes: redness, pain, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal pain, burning sensation, diarrhoea, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, vomiting, weakness, loss of coordination

3,5-DICHLOROPHENOL     591-35-5

skin; eyes; resp. tract

Inhalation: see ingestion

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, skin burns, pain

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, burning sensation, diarrhoea, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, vomiting, weakness, loss of coordination

DINITRO-o-CRESOL     534-52-1

CVS; endocrine sys; eyes Inh; abs; ing; con

Sense of well being; head, fever, lass, profuse sweat, profuse thirst, tacar, hyperpnea, cough, short breath, coma

HYDROQUINONE     123-31-9

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: cough, laboured breathing

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: blue skin, dizziness, headache, nausea, shortness of breath, convulsions, vomiting, ringing in the ears

Eyes; resp sys; skin; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, conj, kera; CNS excitement; colored urine, nau, dizz, suffocation, rapid breath; musc twitch, delirium; collapse; skin irrit, sens, derm

2-HYDROXYBIPHENYL    90-43-7

eyes; skin; resp tract

Inhalation: see ingestion

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, abdominal pain, cough, laboured breathing

NONYLPHENOL, ALL ISOMERS          25154-52-3

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, laboured breathing, sore throat, unconsciousness

Skin: redness, skin burns, pain

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal pain, diarrhoea, nausea, sore throat

PENTACHLOROPHENOL  87-86-5

eyes; skin; resp. tract; lungs; heart

skin; lungs; CNS liver; kidneys

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, laboured breathing, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, diarrhoea, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting, weakness

CVS; resp sys; eyes; liver; kidneys; skin; CNSInh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; sneez, cough; weak, anor, low-wgt; sweat; head, dizz; nau, vomit; dysp, chest pain; high fever; derm

PENTACHLOROPHENOL, SODIUM SALT    131-52-2

eyes; skin; resp. tract; lungs

skin; CNS; lungs; liver; kidneys

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, perspiration, laboured breathing, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, skin burns, burning sensation

Eyes: redness, pain, loss of vision

Ingestion: fever, perspiration, excitement, convulsion, coma

PHENOL            108-95-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS; liver; kidneys

skin; kidneys; liver

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, dizziness, headache, nausea, shortness of breath, unconsciousness, vomiting, US NIOSH Symptoms may be delayed

Skin: may be absorbed, serious skin burns, shock, collapse, coma, convulsion, local anesthetic effect, death

Eyes: permanent loss of vision, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal pain, convulsions, diarrhoea, shock or collapse, sore throat, smoky, greenish-dark urine,

Liver; kidneys; skin; eyes, resp sys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; anor, low-wgt; weak, musc ache, pain; dark urine; cyan; liver, kidney damage; skin burns; derm; ochronosis; tremor, convuls, twitch

PYROGALLIC ACID         87-66-1

eyes; skin; resp tract; liver; kidneys; blood

skin

Inhalation: blue lips or finger nails, blue skin, cough, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, shortness of breath, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, pain, local discoloration

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, weakness

2,3,5,6-TETRACHLOROPHENOL     935-95-5

Inhalation: cough, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, pain

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, diarrhoea, dizziness, headache, nausea, fatigue, muscular spasms, increased body temperature and sweating

2,3,5-TRICHLOROPHENOL     933-78-8

skin

Inhalation: cough, sore throat

Skin: redness, pain

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: convulsion, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, dizziness, headache, vomiting, weakness, fatigue, muscular spasms, increased body temperature and sweating

2,3,6-TRICHLOROPHENOL     933-75-5

eyes; skin; resp. tract

skin

Inhalation: cough, sore throat

Skin: redness, pain

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, diarrhoea, dizziness, headache, vomiting, weakness, fatigue, muscular spasms, increased body temperature and sweating

2,4,5-TRICHLOROPHENOL     95-95-4

eyes; skin; resp. tract

skin; liver; kidneys

Inhalation: cough, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness, blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal pain, diarrhoea, dizziness, headache, vomiting, weakness, fatigue, sweating

2,4,6-TRICHLOROPHENOL     88-06-2

eyes; skin; resp. tract

liver

Inhalation: cough

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, weakness

 

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Read 3160 times Last modified on Friday, 09 December 2011 18:24

Contents

Preface
Part I. The Body
Part II. Health Care
Part III. Management & Policy
Part IV. Tools and Approaches
Part V. Psychosocial and Organizational Factors
Part VI. General Hazards
Part VII. The Environment
Part VIII. Accidents and Safety Management
Part IX. Chemicals
Part X. Industries Based on Biological Resources
Part XI. Industries Based on Natural Resources
Part XII. Chemical Industries
Part XIII. Manufacturing Industries
Part XIV. Textile and Apparel Industries
Part XV. Transport Industries
Part XVI. Construction
Part XVII. Services and Trade
Part XVIII. Guides