ILO Content Manager

ILO Content Manager

Chemical Name

CAS-Number

Colour/Form

Boiling Point (°C)

Melting Point (°C)

Molecular Weight

Solubility in Water

Relative Density (water=1)

Relative Vapour Density (air=1)

Vapour Pressure/ (Kpa)

Inflam.
Limits

Flash Point (°C)

Auto Ignition Point (°C)

1,3-BUTANEDIOL
107-88-0

viscous liquid; pure compound is colourless

207.5

<50

90.12

sol

1.002

3.2

8 Pa

121

394

1,4-BUTANEDIOL
110-63-4

colourless, viscid liquid

230

20.1

90.12

misc

1.0171

3.1

@ 37.7 °C

121 oc

350

DIMETHYLENE GLYCOL
513-85-9

nearly colourless liquid or solid

90.12

3.1

402

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL
111-46-6

colourless liquid; syrupy liquid

245.8

-10.4

106.1

sol

1.18

3.66

5 Pa

1.6 ll
10.8 ul

143

400

DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL
110-98-5

colourless, slightly viscous liquid

233

134.17

misc

1.0252

4.63

@ 25 °C

137

2-ETHYL-1,3-HEXANE­DIOL
94-96-2

slightly oily liquid; colourless liquid

244.

-40

146.22

sl sol

@ 22 °C/4 °C

5.03

< 0.01 mm Hg

110 oc

335

ETHYLENE GLYCOL
107-21-1

slightly viscous liquid; clear, colourless syrupy liquid

197.6

-13

62.07

misc

1.1135

2.14

7 Pa

3.2 ll
15.3 ul

111 cc

398

GLYCEROL
56-81-5

clear colourless syrupy liquid

290

18

92.09

sol

1.2613

320

392

1,6-HEXANEDIOL
629-11-8

crystals

208

42.8

118.17

sol

@ 0 °C/4 °C

4.07

@ 25 °C (est)

101

320

2,5-HEXANEDIOL
2935-44-6

216-218

43

118.17

sol

0.9610

HEXYLENE GLYCOL
107-41-5

colourless liquid

198

-50

118.2

sol

@ 17 °C

4.1

6.7 Pa

1.3 ll
7.4 ul

93

260

NEOPENTYL GLYCOL
126-30-7

208

130

104.14

sol

PENTAERYTHRITOL
115-77-5

ditetragonal crystals from diluted hydrochloric acid; white, crystalline powder

sublimes

260

136.1

sol

@ 25 °C/4 °C

PROPYLENE GLYCOL
57-55-6

colourless viscous liquid

187.6

-59

76.1

misc

1.0361

2.6

106.6 Pa

2.6 ll
12.5 ul

99 cc

371

 

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Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Physical

Chemical

UN Class or Division /  Subsidiary Risks

1,4-BUTANEDIOL
110-63-4

On combustion, forms toxic fumes (CO) • Reacts with strong oxidants

1,6-HEXANEDIOL
629-11-8

Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air

On combustion, forms toxic gases

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL
111-46-6

Reacts violently with strong oxidants • Attacks many plastics

ETHYLENE GLYCOL
107-21-1

On combustion, forms toxic gases • Reacts with strong oxidants and strong bases

HEXYLENE GLYCOL
107-41-5

The substance polymerizes • Reacts with strong oxidants

PROPYLENE GLYCOL
57-55-6

The vapour is heavier than air

Reacts with strong oxidants, eg, potassium perchlorate, causing fire and explosion hazard

For UN Class: 1.5 = very insensitive substances which have a mass explosion hazard; 2.1 = flammable gas; 2.3 = toxic gas; 3 = flammable liquid; 4.1 = flammable solid; 4.2 = substance liable to spontaneous combustion; 4.3 = substance which in contact with water emits flammable gases; 5.1 = oxidizing substance; 6.1 = toxic; 7 = radioactive; 8 = corrosive substance

 

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Sunday, 07 August 2011 06:14

Glycerols & Glycols: Health Hazards

Chemical Name

CAS-Number

ICSC Short-Term Exposure

ICSC Long-Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

1,3-BUTANEDIOL     107-88-0

eyes; skin; resp tract

Inhalation: cough

Skin: redness

Eyes: stinging sensation

1,4-BUTANEDIOL     110-63-4

eyes; resp tract; CNS; kidneys

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, headache, unconsciousness

Eyes: redness, irritant

Ingestion: unconsciousness

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL     111-46-6

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS; liver; kidneys

liver; kidneys

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: confusion, diarrhoea, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting

DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL     110-98-5

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: cough

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

ETHYLENE GLYCOL     107-21-1

eyes; skin; resp tract; kidneys; CNS

CNS; eyes

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, headache

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: abdominal pain, dullness, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; nau, vomit, abdom pain; weak; dizz, stupor, convuls, CNS depres; skin sens

1,6-HEXANEDIOL     629-11-8

eyes; resp tract

Inhalation: cough

Eyes: Irritation, redness

2,5-HEXANEDIOL     2935-44-6

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin; CNS

HEXYLENE GLYCOL     107-41-5

eyes; skin

skin; kidneys

Inhalation: cough

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting

Eyes; skin; resp sys Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; head, dizz, nau, inco, CNS depres; derm, skin sens

NEOPENTYL GLYCOL     126-30-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

lungs; kidneys

PROPYLENE GLYCOL     57-55-6

eyes

Eyes: pain

 

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Chemical Formula

Chemical

Synonyms
UN Code

CAS-Number

584032

1,2-BUTANEDIOL

1,2-Butylene glycol

584-03-2

107880

1,3-BUTANEDIOL

Butane-1,3-diol;
b-Butylene glycol;
1,3-Butylene glycol;
1,3-Dihydroxybutane;
Methyltrimethylene glycol

107-88-0

110634

1,4-BUTANEDIOL

Butanediol;
Butane-1,4-diol;
1,4-Butylene glycol;
1,4-Dihydroxybutane;
Tetramethylene 1,4-diol;
1,4-Tetramethylene glycol

110-63-4

96242

3-CHLORO-1,2-PROPANEDIOL

Chlorhydrin;
Chlorodeoxyglycerol;
1-Chloro-2,3-dihydroxypropane;
3-Chloro-1,2-dihydroxypropane
UN2689

96-24-2

111466

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL

Bis(2-hydroxyethyl) ether;
Dihydroxydiethyl ether;
2,2'-Dihydroxyethyl ether;
Ethylene diglycol;
Glycol ether;
Glycol ethyl ether;
3-Oxapentane-1,5-diol;
3-Oxa-1,5-pentanediol;
2,2'-Oxybisethanol;
2,2'-Oxydiethanol

111-46-6

513859

DIMETHYLENE GLYCOL

2,3-Butanediol;
2,3-Butylene glycol;
2,3-Dihydroxybutane;

513-85-9

110985

DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL

2,2'-Dihydroxydipropyl ether;
2,2'-Dihydroxyisopropyl ether;
1,1'-Oxydi-2-propanol;
2-Propanol, 1,1'-Oxydi

110-98-5

94962

2-ETHYL-1,3-HEXANEDIOL

Ethyl hexanediol;
2-Ethylhexane-1,3-diol;
2-Ethylhexanediol-1,3;
Ethyl hexylene glycol;
2-Ethyl-3-propyl-1,3-propanediol;
3-Hydroxymethyl-n-heptane-4-ol;
Octylene glycol

94-96-2

107211

ETHYLENE GLYCOL

1,2-Dihydroxyethane;
1,2-Ethandiol;
1,2-Ethanediol;
Ethane-1,2-diol;
Ethylene alcohol;
Ethylene dihydrate;
Glycol;
Glycol alcohol;
Monoethylene glycol

107-21-1

56815

GLYCEROL

Glycerin;
Glycerine;
Glycyl alcohol;
1,2,3-Propanetriol;
Star;
Superol;
Synthetic glycerin;
Trihydroxypropane;
1,2,3-Trihydroxypropane

56-81-5

629118

1,6-HEXANEDIOL

Hexamethylene glycol

629-11-8

2935446

2,5-HEXANEDIOL

2935-44-6

107415

HEXYLENE GLYCOL

2,4-Dihydroxy-2-methylpentane;
2-Methyl pentane-2,4-diol;
2-Methyl-2,4-pentanediol

107-41-5

126307

NEOPENTYL GLYCOL

Dimethylolpropane;
2,2-Dimethyl-1,3-propanediol;
Dimethyltrimethylene glycol

126-30-7

115775

PENTAERYTHRITOL

2,2-Bis(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-propanediol;
Methane tetramethylol;
Pentaerythrite;
1,3-Propanediol, 2,2-Bis(hydroxymethyl)-;
Tetrahydroxymethylmetane;
Tetramethylolmethane

115-77-5

57556

PROPYLENE GLYCOL

1,2-Dihydroxypropane;
Methylethylene glycol;
Methyl glycol;
Monopropylene glycol;
1,2-Propanediol

57-55-6

 

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Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Colour/Form

Boiling Point (°C)

Melting Point (°C)

Molecular Weight

Solubility in Water

Relative Density (water=1)

Relative Vapour Density (air=1)

Vapour Pressure/ (Kpa)

Inflam.
Limits

Flash Point (°C)

Auto Ignition Point (°C)

1,4-BUTANEDIOL DIGLYCIDYL ETHER
2425-79-8

266

-202.28

@ 25 °C

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL DIETHYL ETHER
112-36-7

colourless liquid

189

-44.3

162.22

v sol

0.907

5.6

79 Pa

71 cc

174

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER
112-34-5

colourless liquid

230.4

-68.1

162.2

misc

0.9553

5.58

2.99 Pa

78

225

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER ACETATE
124-17-4

clear liquid

245

-32

204.30

sol

0.985

< 0.01 mm Hg

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOETHYL ETHER
111-90-0

colourless liquid

196

134.17

misc

0.9881

4.62

@ 25 °C

@ 135 °C ll

96 oc

204

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER
111-77-3

colourless liquid

193

< -84

120.1

misc

1.0270

4.14

30 Pa

1.6 ll
18.1 ul

93 oc

215

DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL METHYL ETHER
34590-94-8

colourless liquid

190

-80

148.2

misc

@ 25 °C

5.11

@ 26 °C

1.3 ll
10.4 ul

85 cc

270

2-ETHOXYETHANOL
110-80-5

colourless liquid

135

-70

90.12

v sol

0.9297

3.1

0.5

@ 93 °C ll

44 cc

235

ETHYLENE GLYCOL DIETHYL ETHER
629-14-1

colourless liquid

123.5

-74

118.2

2 %

0.8484

4.07

9.4 mm Hg

ETHYLENE GLYCOL ETHYL ETHER ACETATE
111-15-9

colourless liquid

156

-61.7

132.2

v sol

0.9740

4.72

0.16

1.7 ll
13.0 ul

52 cc

379

ETHYLENE GLYCOL METHYL ETHER
109-86-4

colourless liquid

125

-85.1

76.09

misc

0.9647

2.62

0.83

2.3 ll
24.5 ul

42 cc

285

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER
111-76-2

colourless liquid

171-172

-75

118.2

misc

0.9015

4.1

0.10

@ 93 °C ll

61 cc

238

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER ACETATE
112-07-2

colourless liquid

192.3

-64.5

160.24

1.1 g/100 g

0.9422

5.5

30-40 Pa

@ 93 °C ll

71 cc

340

ETHYLENE GLYCOL, MONOMETHYL ETHER ACETATE
110-49-6

colourless liquid

143

-65.1

118.13

v sol

@ 19 °C/19 °C

4.1

0.44

1.7 ll
8.2 ul

45 cc

394

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOPROPYL ETHER
2807-30-9

volatile liquid

149.8

<-70

104.1

sol

0.9112

3.6

200 Pa

5.5 ll
23 ul

49

230

ETHYLENE GLYCOL PHENYL ETHER
122-99-6

oily liquid; colourless liquid

245

14

138.16

insol

1.1094

4.8

5.2

1.4 ll
9.0 ul

121

PROPYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER
107-98-2

colourless liquid

@ 740 mm Hg

-96.7

90.1

v sol

0.9620

3.11

1.6

1.6 ll
13.8 ul

38 oc

 

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Chemical Name

CAS-Number

Physical

Chemical

UN Class or Division / Subsidiary Risks

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL DIETHYL ETHER
112-36-7

The substance can form explosive peroxides. •On heating or on burning producing acrid smoke and irritating fumes. •Reacts with strong oxidants

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER
112-34-5

Reacts with strong oxidants, causing fire and explosion hazard

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL METHYL ETHER
111-77-3

The substance can presumably form explosive peroxides. •Reacts with strong oxidants

DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL METHYL ETHER
34590-94-8

The substance can presumably form explosive peroxides in contact with air. •Reacts violently with strong oxidants

2-ETHOXYETHANOL
110-80-5

The substance can form explosive peroxides. •The substance decomposes on burning producing toxic gas. •Reacts with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard. •Attacks many plastics and rubber

3

ETHYLENE GLYCOL DIETHYL ETHER
629-14-1

3

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER
111-76-2

The substance can form explosive peroxides. •The substance decomposes, producing toxic fumes. •Reacts with strong oxidants, causing fire and explosion hazard

6.1

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER ACETATE
112-07-2

The vapour mixes well with air

Reacts with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard

ETHYLENE GLYCOL, ETHYL ETHER ACETATE
111-15-9

The vapour is heavier than air

Reacts with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard

3

ETHYLENE GLYCOL, MONOMETHYL ETHER ACETATE
110-49-6

3

ETHYLENE GLYCOL METHYL ETHER
109-86-4

The substance can form explosive peroxides. •The substance decomposes on burning and on contact with strong caustics, producing toxic gas. •Reacts with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard

3

ETHYLENE GLYCOL PHENYL ETHER
122-99-6

The vapour is heavier than air

Reacts with oxidants

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOPROPYL ETHER
2807-30-9

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

PROPYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER
107-98-2

The substance can presumably form explosive peroxides. •Reacts with strong oxidants

For UN Class: 1.5 = very insensitive substances which have a mass explosion hazard; 2.1 = flammable gas; 2.3 = toxic gas; 3 = flammable liquid; 4.1 = flammable solid; 4.2 = substance liable to spontaneous combustion; 4.3 = substance which in contact with water emits flammable gases; 5.1 = oxidizing substance; 6.1 = toxic; 7 = radioactive; 8 = corrosive substance

 

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Sunday, 07 August 2011 05:57

Glycol Ethers: Health Hazards

Chemical Name

CAS-Number

ICSC Short-Term Exposure

ICSC Long-Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

1,4-BUTANEDIOL DIGLYCIDYL ETHER     2425-79-8

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL DIETHYL ETHER 112-36-7

eyes; skin; resp tract

Inhalation: cough

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: diarrhoea, headache, nausea, vomiting

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL DIGLYCIDYL ETHER     4206-61-5

lungs

skin; CNS; blood; kidneys

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER     112-34-5

eyes; skin; CNS

skin

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: headache, unconsciousness, vomiting

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOETHYL ETHER     111-90-0

lungs

skin

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER     111-77-3

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin; lungs; may impair male fertility

Skin: redness, roughness

Eyes: redness

DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL METHYL ETHER  34590-94-8

Skin: dry skin

Resp sys; eyes; CNS Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; weak, li-head, head

2-ETHOXYETHANOL     110-80-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS; liver; kidneys

skin; male fertility; birth defects

Inhalation: cough, drowsiness, headache, shortness of breath, sore throat, weakness

Skin: may be absorbed

Eyes: Blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting

Resp sys; eyes; blood; kidneys; liver; repro sys; hemato sys Inh; abs; ing; con

In animals: irrit eyes, resp sys; blood changes; liver, kidney, lung damage; repro, terato effects

ETHYLENE GLYCOL ETHYL ETHER ACETATE     111-15-9

CNS; blood

liver; kidneys

Inhalation: cough, drowsiness, headache, nausea, shortness of breath, sore throat, vomiting

Skin: may be absorbed, dizziness, headache, nausea and vomiting

Eyes: blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal pain, drowsiness, headache, nausea, vomiting

Resp sys; eyes; GI tract; repro sys; hemato sys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose; vomit; kidney damage; para; in animals: repro, terato effects

ETHYLENE GLYCOL METHYL ETHER  109-86-4

eyes; resp tract; CNS; liver; kidneys

Inhalation: confusion, dizziness, headache, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting, weakness

Skin: may be absorbed

Eyes: blurred vision

Eyes; resp sys; CNS; blood; kidneys; repro sys; hemato sys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; head, drow, weak; ataxia, tremor, som; anemic pallor, in animals: repro, terato effects

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER     111-76-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS; liver; kidneys

skin

Inhalation: cough, drowsiness, headache, nausea

Skin: may be absorbed, dry skin

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal pain, diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting

Liver; kidneys; lymphoid sys; skin; blood; eyes; resp sys; hemato sys; CNS Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; hemolysis, hemog; CNS depres, head, vomit

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER ACETATE           112-07-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; kidneys; blood

skin; liver; bone marrow

Inhalation: cough, headache, nausea

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS; hemato sys; blood; kidneys; liver; lymphoid sys imh

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; hemolysis, hemog; CNS depres, head, vomit

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER ACETATE           110-49-6

CNS

skin; liver; kidneys;blood

Inhalation: Confusion, dizziness, headache, nausea, unconsciousness, vomiting, weakness.

Skin: Dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting

Eyes: Blurred vision.

Ingestion: Abdominal pain, burning sensation, confusion, dizziness, headache, nausea, unconsciousness.

Eyes; resp sys; kidneys; brain; CNS; PNS; repro sys; hemato sys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, nose, throat; kidney, brain damage; in animals: narco; repro, terato effects

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOPROPYL ETHER     2807-30-9

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

blood; spleen; kidneys

Inhalation: confusion, cough, headache, nausea, sore throat, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: redness, burning sensation

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: confusion, diarrhoea, headache, nausea, vomiting

ETHYLENE GLYCOL PHENYL ETHER  122-99-6

eyes; skin

Inhalation: sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, sore throat

PROPYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER     107-98-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; nose; throat; CNS

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, headache, nausea

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: lacrimation, redness

Ingestion: diarrhoea, drowsiness, headache, nausea, vomiting, incoordination or possible unconsciousness

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; head, nau, li-head, drow, inco; vomit, diarr

 

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Sunday, 07 August 2011 05:54

Glycol Ethers: Chemical Identification

Chemical Formula

Chemical

Synonyms
UN Code

CAS-Number

2425798

1,4-BUTANEDIOL DIGLYCIDYL ETHER

1,4-Bis(2,3-epoxypropoxy)butane;
1,4-Bis(glycidyloxy)butane;
1,4-Butane diglycidyl ether;
Butanediol diglycidyl ether;
Butane-1:4-diol diglycidyl ether;
2,2'-(1,4-Butanediylbis(oxymethylene))bisoxirane;
1,4-Diglycidloxybutane

2425-79-8

112367

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL DIETHYL ETHER

Bis(2-ethoxyethyl) ether;
Diethyl carbitol;
3,6,9-Trioxaundecane

112-36-7

4206615

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL DIGLYCIDYL ETHER

Ether, bis(2-(2,3-epoxypropoxy)ethyl);
Oxirane, 2,2'-(oxybis(2,1-ethanediyloxymethylene))bis-;
2,2'-(Oxybis(2,1-ethanediyloxymethylene))bisoxirane

4206-61-5

112345

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER

Butoxydiethylene glycol;
Butoxydiglycol;
2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethanol;
Butyl carbitol;
Glycol-n-butyl ether;
Diglycol monobutyl ether

112-34-5

124174

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER ACETATE

Acetic acid 2-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethyl ester;
2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethyl acetate;
Butyl carbitol acetate;
Diethylene glycol butyl ether acetate

124-17-4

111900

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOETHYL ETHER

Carbitol cellosolve;
Ethyl diethylene glycol;
Ethanol, 2-(2-ethoxyethoxy)

111-90-0

111773

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER

Diethylene glycol monomethyl ether;
Dowanol DM;
Ethylene diglycol monomethyl ether;
Methoxydiglycol

111-77-3

110714

1,2-DIMETHOXYETHANE

Dimethoxyethane;
Dimethylcellosolve;
2,5-Dioxahexane;
Ethylene dimethyl ether;
Ethylene glycol dimethyl ether
UN2252

110-71-4

34590948

DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL METHYL ETHER

Arcosolv;
Dipropylene Dowanol DPM;
Dowanol-50B;
1-(2-Methoxyisopropoxy)-2-propanol

34590-94-8

1002671

2-ETHOXYETHYL 2-METHOXYETHYL ETHER

Diethylene glycol ethyl methyl ether

1002-67-1

110805

ETHYLENE GLYCOL ETHYL ETHER ACETATE

Cellosolve;
Dowanol EE;
2-Ethoxyethanol;
Ethyl cellosolve;
Glycol monoethyl ether;
Hydroxy ether
UN1171

110-80-5

629141

ETHYLENE GLYCOL DIETHYL ETHER

1,2-Diethoxyethane;
Diethyl cellosolve;
Ethylene glycol diethyl ether
UN1153

629-14-1

109864

ETHYLENE GLYCOL METHYL ETHER

Glycol monomethyl ether;
2-Methoxyethanol;
Methoxyhydroxyethane;
Methyl cellosolve
UN1188

109-86-4

111762

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER

Butoxyethanol;
Butyl cellosolve;
2-Butoxyethanol;
Glycol butyl ether;
Glycol monobutyl ether;
Monobutyl glycol ether
UN2369

111-76-2

112072

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHYL ETHER ACETATE

112-07-2

111159

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOETHYL ETHER ACETATE

Cellosolve acetate;
Ethoxy acetate;
Ethoxyethyl acetate
UN1172

111-15-9

110496

ETHYLENE GLYCOL, MONOMETHYL ETHER ACETATE

Acetic acid 2-methoxyethyl ester;
Ethylene glycol methyl ether acetate;
Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate;
Glycol ether EM acetate;
Glycol monomethyl ether acetate;
Mecsac;
2-Methoxyethanol, acetate;
2-Methoxyethyl acetate;
Methyl cellosolve acetate;
Methyl glycol acetate;
Methyl glycol monoacetate
UN1189

110-49-6

2807309

ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOPROPYL ETHER

Ektasolve EP;
2-Propoxyethanol;
Propyl cellosolve

2807-30-9

122996

ETHYLENE GLYCOL PHENYL ETHER

Arosol;
Dowanol EP;
Dowanol EPH;
2-Phenoxyethanol;
Glycol monophenyl ether;
Phenyl cellosolve

122-99-6

107982

PROPYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER

Glycol ether PM;
Methoxy ether of propylene glycol;
1-Methoxy-2-propanol;
Propasol solvent M;
Propylene glycol methyl ether;
Propylene glycol monomethyl ether
UN3092

107-98-2

 

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Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Colour/Form

Boiling Point (°C)

Melting Point (°C)

Molecular Weight

Solubility in Water

Relative Density (water=1)

Relative Vapour Density (air=1)

Vapour Pressure/ (Kpa)

Inflam.
Limits

Flash Point (°C)

Auto Ignition Point (°C)

BENZOTRIFLUORIDE
98-08-8

water white liquid

103.46

-29.05

146.11

1.1886

5.04

@ 0 °C

12 cc

BROMOTRIFLUORO­METHANE
75-63-8

colourless gas

-57.86

-166

148.92

insol

1.5800

3.8

CHLORODIFLUORO­BROMOMETHANE
353-59-3

colourless gas

-4

-161

165.37

insol

@ 15 °C (liquid)

5.7

1,1,1-CHLORODI­FLUOROETHANE
75-68-3

colourless gas

-9.2

-130.8

@ 25 °C

@ -9 °C

@ 25 °C

6.2 ll
17.9 ul

CHLORODIFLUORO­METHANE
75-45-6

colourless gas

-40.8

-146

86.47

v sol

@ 21 °C

2.98

908

CHLOROFLUORO­METHANE
593-70-4

-9.1

-133

68.48

CHLOROPENTAFLUO­ROETHANE
76-15-3

colourless gas

-38

-106

154.47

insol

@ -20 °C

5.54

711.7

CHLOROTRIFLUO­ROETHANE
1330-45-6

6.93

-105.5

118.49

@ 0 °C/4 °C

CHLOROTRIFLUO­ROETHYLENE
79-38-9

colourless gas

-27.9

-157.5

116.47

1.305

8.4 ll
38.7 ul

CHLOROTRIFLUO­ROMETHANE
75-72-9

colourless gas

-81.1

-181

104.46

insol

1.3

3.65

@ 15 °C

DICHLORODIFLUORO­METHANE
75-71-8

colourless gas; liquified compressed gas

-29.8

-158

120.91

sol

@ -29.8 °C

4.1

568

DICHLOROFLUORO­METHANE
75-43-4

colourless heavy gas

9

-135

102.92

insol

@ 9 °C

3.82

160

522

DICHLOROTETRA­FLUOROETHANE
1320-37-2

colourless gas

3.6

-94

170.92

insol

@ 25 °C

DIFLUORODIBROMO­METHANE
75-61-6

colourless heavy liquid; colourless gas

25

-146  MEGALON -110.1

209.83 MEGALON 207.81

sol

@ 15 °C/4 °C

7.2

1,1-DIFLUOROETHANE
75-37-6

colourless gas

-24.7

-117

66.05

insol

0.95

2.3

@ 25 °C

3.7 ll
18 ul

ENFLURANE
13838-16-9

liquid

56.5

sl sol

1.52

HALOTHANE
151-67-7

colourless, volatile liquid

50.2

197.39

3900 mg/l

@ 20 ° C/4 ° C

@ 20 ° C

HEXAFLUOROACETONE
684-16-2

colourless gas

-27

-122

166.03

@ 25 °C (liquid)

HEXAFLUOROPRO­PYLENE
116-15-4

gas

-29.4

-156.2

150.02

1.583 at -40 ° C/4 ° C

PERFLUOROISOBU­TYLENE
382-21-8

gas

7

200.03

@ 0 °C

TEFLON
9002-84-0

grayish white transparent thin sheets; soft, waxy, milk-white solid; white powder

2.25

1,1,2,2-TETRACHLO­RO-1,2-DIFLUORO­ETHANE
76-12-0

colourless liquid or solid

93

25

203.83

insol

@ 25 °C/4 °C

7.03

40 torr

1,1,1,2-TETRACHLO­RO-2,2-DIFLUORO­ETHANE
76-11-9

colourless liquid or solid

91.5

40.6

203.82

insol

1.65

7.0

40 mm Hg

TETRAFLUORO­ETHYLENE
116-14-3

colourless gas

-76.3

-142.5

100.02

insol

@ -76.3 °C

3.87

10.0 ll
50.0 ul

180

TETRAFLUOROME­THANE
75-73-0

colourless gas

-127.8

-183.6

88.01

sl sol

@ 25 °C

3.04

>1100

1,1,2-TRICHLORO-1,2,2-TRIFLUOROETHANE
76-13-1

colourless gas; volatile liquid

47.7

-36.4

187.38

0.017 g/100 g

@ 25 °C/4 °C

6.5

36

350

TRICHLOROFLUORO­METHANE
75-69-4

colourless liquid

23.7

-111

137.4

@ 25 °C

@ 17.2 °C/4 °C (liquid)

4.7

89

non flammable

TRIFLUOROMETHANE
75-46-7

colourless gas

-84.4

-160

70.02

sol

@ -100 °C (liquid)

30,000 mm Hg

VINYL FLUORIDE
75-02-5

colourless gas

-72.2

-160.5

46.05

insol

1.58

2.6 vol% ll 21.7 vol% ul

725 deg F

VINYLIDENE FLUORIDE
75-38-7

colourless gas

-83

-144

64.04

insol

0.617

2.2

3600

5.5 ll
21.3 ul

flammable gas

 

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Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Physical

Chemical

UN Class or Division /  Subsidiary Risks

BENZOTRIFLUORIDE
98-08-8

3

BROMOTRIFLUOROMETHANE
75-63-8

The vapour is heavier than air and may accumulate in low ceiling spaces causing deficiency of oxygen

The substance decomposes on heating producing hydrogen bromide, hydrogen fluoride • The substance is a strong reducing agent and reacts with oxidants • Reacts with strong oxidants, aluminium

2.2

CHLORODIFLUOROBROMOMETHANE
353-59-3

The gas is heavier than air and may accumulate in low ceiling spaces causing deficiency of oxygen

The substance decomposes on contact with open flames or very hot surfaces, producing toxic gases

2.2

1,1,1-CHLORODIFLUOROETHANE
75-68-3

2.1

CHLORODIFLUOROMETHANE
75-45-6

The gas is heavier than air and may accumulate in low ceiling spaces causing deficiency of oxygen

On contact with hot surfaces or flames this substance decomposes forming corrosive and very toxic fumes (hydrogen chloride, phosgene, chlorine, hydrogen fluoride) • Reacts violently with powdered metals such as aluminium and zinc, causing fire and explosion hazard • Attacks magnesium and its alloys

2.2

CHLOROPENTAFLUOROETHANE
76-15-3

The vapour is heavier than air and may accumulate in low ceiling spaces causing deficiency of oxygen

The substance decomposes on heating producing hydrogen chloride, hydrogen fluoride • Reacts with strong oxidants

2.2

CHLOROTRIFLUOROMETHANE
75-72-9

On contact with hot surfaces or flames this substance decomposes forming HCl, HF, Carbonyl halides • The substance decomposes in a fire or on contact with certain metals producing toxic products

2.2

DICHLORODIFLUOROMETHANE
75-71-8

The gas is heavier than air and may accumulate in low ceiling spaces causing deficiency of oxygen

On contact with hot surfaces or flames this substance decomposes forming corrosive and very toxic fumes (hydrogen chloride, phosgene, chlorine, hydrogen fluoride) • Reacts violently with metals such as calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, zinc and powdered aluminium • Attacks magnesium and its alloys

2.2

DICHLOROFLUOROMETHANE
75-43-4

The gas is heavier than air

The substance decomposes on heating producing corrosive and highly toxic fumes (hydrogen chloride, hydrogen fluoride, and phosgene) • Reacts violently with chemically active metals • Reacts with acids or acid fumes producing highly toxic fumes (chlorine, fluorine) • Attacks some forms of plastics, rubber and coatings

2.2

DICHLOROTETRAFLUOROETHANE
1320-37-2

2.2

DIFLUORODIBROMOMETHANE
75-61-6

9

1,1-DIFLUOROETHANE
75-37-6

2.1

ENFLURANE
13838-16-9

The substance decomposes on heating or on burning producing toxic and corrosive fumes (hydrogen chloride, hydrogen fluoride, phosgene)

HEXAFLUOROACETONE
684-16-2

2.3/ 8

1,1,2,2-TETRACHLORO-1,2-DIFLUO­ROETHANE        76-12-0

2.2

1,1,1,2-TETRACHLORO-2,2-DIFLUO­ROETHANE
76-11-9

2.2

TETRAFLUOROMETHANE
75-73-0

The gas is heavier than air and may accumulate in low ceiling spaces causing deficiency of oxygen

On contact with hot surfaces or flames this substance decomposes forming hydrofluoric acid

2.2

1,1,2-TRICHLORO-1,2,2-TRIFLUORO­ETHANE
76-13-1

The vapour is heavier than air and may accumulate in low ceiling spaces causing deficiency of oxygen

On contact with hot surfaces or flames this substance decomposes forming corrosive and very toxic fumes (carbonylfluoride, hydrogen chloride, phosgene, chlorine, hydrogen fluoride) • Reacts violently with calcium, potassium, sodium and powdered metals such as aluminium, beryllium, magnesium and zinc, causing fire and explosion hazard • Attacks alloys containing more than 2% magnesium

TRICHLOROFLUOROMETHANE
75-69-4

The gas is heavier than air • The vapour is heavier than air and may accumulate in low ceiling spaces causing deficiency of oxygen

On contact with hot surfaces or flames this substance decomposes forming corrosive and very toxic fumes (hydrogen chloride, phosgene, chlorine, hydrogen fluoride) • Reacts violently with metals and various powdered metals, such as aluminium, barium, calcium, magnesium and sodium

TRIFLUOROMETHANE
75-46-7

2.2

VINYL FLUORIDE
75-02-5

2.1

VINYLIDENE FLUORIDE
75-38-7

The gas is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible, and may accumulate in low ceiling spaces causing deficiency of oxygen • As a result of flow, agitation, etc, electrostatic charges can be generated

The substance can form explosive peroxides • The substance can polymerize with fire or explosion hazard • Heating may cause violent combustion or explosion • The substance decomposes on burning producing hydrogen fluoride • Reacts violently with oxidants and hydrogen chloride

For UN Class: 1.5 = very insensitive substances which have a mass explosion hazard; 2.1 = flammable gas; 2.3 = toxic gas; 3 = flammable liquid; 4.1 = flammable solid; 4.2 = substance liable to spontaneous combustion; 4.3 = substance which in contact with water emits flammable gases; 5.1 = oxidizing substance; 6.1 = toxic; 7 = radioactive; 8 = corrosive substance

 

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Page 9 of 106

" DISCLAIMER: The ILO does not take responsibility for content presented on this web portal that is presented in any language other than English, which is the language used for the initial production and peer-review of original content. Certain statistics have not been updated since the production of the 4th edition of the Encyclopaedia (1998)."

Contents

Preface
Part I. The Body
Part II. Health Care
Part III. Management & Policy
Part IV. Tools and Approaches
Part V. Psychosocial and Organizational Factors
Part VI. General Hazards
Part VII. The Environment
Part VIII. Accidents and Safety Management
Part IX. Chemicals
Part X. Industries Based on Biological Resources
Part XI. Industries Based on Natural Resources
Part XII. Chemical Industries
Part XIII. Manufacturing Industries
Part XIV. Textile and Apparel Industries
Part XV. Transport Industries
Part XVI. Construction
Part XVII. Services and Trade
Part XVIII. Guides