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Tuesday, 09 August 2011 00:49

Hydrocarbons, Aromatic: Health Hazards

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Chemical Name    

CAS-Number

ICSC Short-Term Exposure

ICSC Long-Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

BENZENE          71-43-2

skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS

skin; blood; liver; immune system

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, headache, nausea, shortness of breath, convulsions, unconsciousness

Skin: may be absorbed, dry skin

Ingestion: abdominal pain, sore throat, vomiting

blood; CNS; skin; bone marrow; eyes; resp sysinh, abs, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, resp sys; gidd; head, nau, staggered gait; ftg, anor, lass; derm; bone marrow depres; (carc)

BIPHENYL         92-52-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; liver

skin; CNS ; liver

Inhalation: cough, nausea, vomiting

Eyes: redness, pain

liver; skin; CNS; upper resp sys; eyesinh, abs, ing, con

Irrit eyes, throat; head, nau, ftg, numb limbs; liver damage

p-tert-BUTYLTOLUENE 98-51-1

CVS; CNS; skin; bone marrow; eyes; upper resp sys; liver; kidneysinh, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin; dry nose, throat; head; low BP, tacar, abnor CVS stress; CNS, hemato depres; metallic taste; liver, kidney inj

CUMENE            98-82-8

eyes; upper resp sys; skin; CNSinh, abs, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, muc memb; derm; head, narco, coma

p-CYMENE         99-87-6

eyes; skin

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, vomiting, inhalation

DIETHYLBENZENE     25340-17-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS

skin; kidneys; liver

Inhalation: dizziness, dullness, headache, nausea

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, dizziness, dullness, headache, nausea

DIVINYL BENZENE     1321-74-0

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: cough, sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

eyes; skin; resp sys; bloodinh, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; skin burns; in animals: CNS depres

DODECYL BENZENE     123-01-3

skin; eyes

skin

Inhalation: cough, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, irritant

Eyes: redness, irritantIngestion: nausea

ETHYL BENZENE     100-41-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS

skin

eyes; upper resp sys; skin; CNSinh, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, muc memb; head; derm; narco; coma

D-LIMONENE     5989-27-5

eyes; skin; resp tract

skin

Inhalation: cough

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

METHYL NAPHTHALENE      1321-94-4

eyes; resp tract

Inhalation: cough

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

METHYLSTYRENE     25013-15-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

skin; liver

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, dullness, headache, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, pain

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting

eyes; skin; resp tract inh, ing, con

Eyes, skin, resp sys, CNS

a-METHYL STYRENE     98-83-9

eyes; skin; resp tract

Inhalation: cough, sore throat

eyes; resp tract; skininh, ing, con

Eyes, skin, resp sys, CNS

o-METHYLSTYRENE     611-15-4

eyes; skin; resp tract; kidneys; CNS

skin

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, dullness, headache, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, irritant

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting

m-METHYLSTYRENE     100-80-1

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

skin

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, dullness, headache, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting

p-METHYLSTYRENE      622-97-9

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

skin

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, dullness, headache, sore throat

Skin: may be absorbed, redness, skin irritant

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting.

NAPHTHALENE   91-20-3

eyes; blood; liver; kidneys; skin; CNSinh, abs, ing, con

Irrit eyes; head, conf, excitement, mal; nau, vomit, pain; irrit bladder; profuse sweat; jaun; hema, hemog, renal shutdown; derm; optical neuritis, corn damage

PROPENYLBENZENE     873-66-5

skin

STYRENE          100-42-5

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin; lungs; CNS

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, headache, nausea, weakness

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain

CNS; resp sys; eyes; skininh, abs, ing, con

Irrit eyes, nose; resp sys; head, ftg, dizz, conf, mal, drow, weak, unsteady gait; narco; defatting derm; possible liver inj, repro effects

TOLUENE          108-88-3

eyes; resp tract; lungs; CNS; CVS

skin; CNS ; heart

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, headache, nausea, unconsciousness

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, burning sensation

CNS; liver; kidneys; skin; eyes; resp sysinh, abs, ing, con

Irrit eyes, nose; ftg, weak, conf, euph, dizz, head; dilated pupils, lac; ner, musc ftg, insom; pares; derm; liver, kidney damage

o-XYLENE          95-47-6

throat; eyes; lungs; CNS

skin; lungs ; CNS

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, headache, unconsciousness

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, burning sensation

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS; GI tract; blood; liver; kidneysinh, abs, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; dizz, excitement, drow, inco, staggering gait; corn vacuolization; anor, nau, vomit, abdom pain; derm

m-XYLENE         108-38-3

throat; eyes; lungs; CNS

skin; lungs; CNS

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, headache, unconsciousness

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, burning sensation

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS; GI tract; blood; liver; kidneysinh, abs, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; dizz, excitement, drow, inco, staggering gait; corn vacuolization; anor, nau, vomit, abdom pain; derm

p-XYLENE          106-42-3

throat; eyes; lungs; CNS

skin; lungs; CNS

Inhalation: dizziness, drowsiness, headache, unconsciousness

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, burning sensation

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS; GI tract; blood; liver; kidneysinh, abs, ing, con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose, throat; dizz, excitement, drow, inco, staggering gait; corn vacuolization; anor, nau, vomit, abdom pain; derm

 

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Read 2908 times Last modified on Friday, 09 December 2011 19:08

Contents

Preface
Part I. The Body
Part II. Health Care
Part III. Management & Policy
Part IV. Tools and Approaches
Part V. Psychosocial and Organizational Factors
Part VI. General Hazards
Part VII. The Environment
Part VIII. Accidents and Safety Management
Part IX. Chemicals
Part X. Industries Based on Biological Resources
Part XI. Industries Based on Natural Resources
Part XII. Chemical Industries
Part XIII. Manufacturing Industries
Part XIV. Textile and Apparel Industries
Part XV. Transport Industries
Part XVI. Construction
Part XVII. Services and Trade
Part XVIII. Guides