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acids and anhydrides table 1

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Acids and Anhydrides,Organic: Chemical identification

CHEMICAL

synonyms
un code

CAS-number

CHEMICAL FORMULA

ACETIC ACID

Ethanoic acid;
Ethylic acid;
Methanecarboxylic acid
UN2789
UN2790

64-19-7

 

ACETIC ANHYDRIDE

Acetanhydride;
Acetic oxide;
Acetyl anhydride;
Acetyl ether;
Acetyl oxide;
Ethanoic anhydrate
UN1715

108-24-7

<$&108247[-]>

ACETYLSALICYLIC ACID

Acetosalic acid;
o-Acetoxybenzoic acid;
2-Acetoxybenzoic acid;
Salicylic acid, acetate;
Aspirin

50-78-2

<$&50782[-]>

ACRYLIC ACID

Ethylenecarboxylic acid;
Propene acid;
Propenoic acid
UN2218

79-10-7

<$&79107[-]>

ADIPIC ACID

Adipinic acid;
1,4-Butanedicarboxylic acid;
Hexanedioic acid;
1,6-Hexanedioic acid

124-04-9

<$&124049[-]>

L-ASCORBIC ACID

3-Keto-l-gulofuranolactone;
L-3-Ketothreohexuronic acid lactone;
Vitamin C

50-81-7

<$&50817[-]>

BENZOIC ACID

Benzenecarboxylic acid;
Benzeneformic acid;
Benzenemethanoic acid;
Benzoate;
Phenyl carboxylic acid;
Phenylformic acid

65-85-0

<$&65850[-]>

BUTYRIC ACID

Butanic acid;
Butanoic acid;
n-Butyric acid;
Butyric acid;
Ethylacetic acid;
1-Propanecarboxylic acid;
Propylformic acid
UN2820

107-92-6

<$&107926[-]>

n-CAPROIC ACID

Butylacetic acid;
Capronic acid;
n-Hexanoic acid;
N-Hexoic acid;
Pentanecarboxylic acid;
Pentiformic acid;
Pentylformic acid
UN2829

142-62-1

<$&142621[-]>

CHLORENDIC ACID

1,4,5,6,7,7-Hexachloro-5-norbornene-2,3-dicarboxylic acid;
Hexachloro-endo-­Methylenetetrahydrophthalic acid

115-28-6

<$&115286[-]>

CHLOROACETIC ACID

Monochloroacetic acid;
Monochloroethanoic acid
UN1750
UN1751

79-11-8

<$&79118[-]>

o-CHLOROBENZOIC ACID

2-CBA;
2-Chlorobenzoic acid

118-91-2

<$&118912[-]>

m-CHLOROBENZOIC ACID

3-Chlorobenzoic acid

535-80-8

<$&535808[-]>

p-CHLOROBENZOIC ACID

p-Carboxychlorobenzene;
4-Chlorobenzoic acid;
Chlorodracylic acid

74-11-3

<$&74113[-]>

2-CHLOROPROPIONIC ACID

α-Chloropropionic acid
UN2511

598-78-7

<$&598787[-]>

4-CHLORO-o-TOLOXYACETIC ACID

4-Chloro-o-cresoxyacetic acid;
(4-Chloro-2-methylphenoxy)acetic acid;

94-74-6

<$&94746[-]>

CITRIC ACID

Citro;
2-hydroxy-1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic acid;
β-Hydroxytricarballylic acid

77-92-9

<$&77929[-]>

CITRIC ACID HYDRATE

1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic acid, 2-Hydroxy-, monohydrate

5949-29-1

<$&5949291[-]>

CROTONIC ACID

α-Butenoic acid;
β-Methylacrylic acid;
3-Methylacrylic acid
UN2823

3724-65-0

<$&3724650[-]>

DICHLORACETIC ACID

Bichloracetic acid;
2,2-Dichloroacetic acid;
Dichloroethanoic acid
UN1764

79-43-6

<$&79436[-]>

2,4-DICHLORPHENOXYACETIC ACID

2,4-D;
Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid

94-75-7

<$&94757[-]>

2-ETHYLHEXOIC ACID

Butylethylacetic acid;
α-Ethylcaproic acid;
2-Ethylhexanoic acid;

149-57-5

<$&149575[-]>

FLUOROACETIC ACID

Pymonic acid;
Fluoroacetate;
Fluoroethanoic acid;
Monofluoroacetate;
Monofluoroacetic acid
UN2642

144-49-0

<$&144490[-]>

FORMIC ACID

Aminic acid;
Formylic acid;
Hydrogen carboxylic acid;
Methanoic acid
UN1779

64-18-6

<$&64186[-]>

FUMARIC ACID

trans-Butenedioic acid;
trans-1,2-Ethylenedicarboxylic acid;
1,2-Ethylenedicarboxylic acid

110-17-8

<$&110178[-]>

GALLIC ACID

3,4,5-Trihydroxybenzoic acid

149-91-7

<$&149917[-]>

GLYCOLIC ACID

Hydroxyacetic acid;
Hydroxyethanoic acid

79-14-1

<$&79141[-]>

HEPTANOIC ACID

n-Heptoic acid;
Heptylic acid;
1-Hexanecarboxylic acid;
Oenanthic acid;
Oenanthylic acid

111-14-8

<$&111148[-]>

ISOBUTYRIC ACID

Dimethylacetic acid;
Isopropylformic acid;
2-Methylpropanoic acid;
2-Methylpropionic acid
UN2529

79-31-2

<$&79312[-]>

ISOPHTHALIC ACID

Benzene-1,3-dicarboxylic acid;
m-Benzenedicarboxylic acid;
m-Phthalic acid

121-91-5

<$&121915[-]>

LAURIC ACID

Dodecanoic acid;
Dodecoic acid;
Duodecylic acid;
Laurostearic acid;
1-Undecanecarboxylic acid

143-07-7

<$&143077[-]>

MALEIC ACID

cis-Butenedioic acid;
cis-1,2-Ethylenedicarboxylic acid;
1,2-Ethylenedicarboxylic acid;
Maleinic acid;
Malenic acid;
Toxilic acid

110-16-7

<$&110167[-]>

MALEIC ANHYDRIDE

cis-Butenedioic anhydride;
2,5-Furandione;
Maleic acid anhydride;
Toxilic anhydride
UN2215

108-31-6

<$&108316[-]>

MALONIC ACID

Carboxyacetic acid;
Dicarboxymethane;
Methanedicarboxylic acid;
Propanedioic acid

141-82-2

<$&141822[-]>

MANDELIC ACID

α-Hydroxyphenylacetic acid;
α-Hydroxy-a-toluic acid;
Paramandelic acid;
Phenylglycolic acid;
Phenylhydroxyacetic acid

90-64-2

<$&90642[-]>

METHACRYLIC ACID

Methacrylic acid;
2-Methylpropenoic acid
UN2531

79-41-4

<$&79414[-]>

NONANOIC ACID

n-Nonylic acid;
1-Octanecarboxylic acid;
Pelargonic acid

112-05-0

<$&112050[-]>

9-OCTADECENOIC ACID

cis-9-Octadecenoic acid;
9,10-Octadecenoic acid;
Oleic acid;
Oleinic acid

112-80-1

<$&112801[-]>

OXALIC ACID

Ethanedioic acid;
Ethanedionic acid

144-62-7

<$&144627[-]>

PALMITIC ACID

Cetylic acid;
Hexadecanoic acid;
n-hexadecoic acid;
Hexadecylic acid;
1-Pentadecanecarboxylic acid

57-10-3

<$&57103[-]>

PHTHALIC ACID

Benzene-1,2-dicarboxylic acid;
o-benzenedicarboxylic acid;
1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid;
o-Dicarboxybenzene;
o-Phthalic acid

88-99-3

<$&88993[-]>

PHTHALIC ANHYDRIDE

1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid anhydride;
1,3-Dioxophthalan;
1,3-Isobenzofurandione;
Phthalandione;
1,3-Phthalandione;
Phthalic acid anhydride
UN2214

85-44-9

<$&85449[-]>

PIVALIC ACID

2,2-Dimethylpropanoic acid;
α,α-Dimethylpropionic acid;
2,2-Dimethylpropionic acid;
Neopentanoic acid;
tert-Pentanoic acid;
Propanoic acid;
Trimethylacetic acid

75-98-9

<$&75989[-]>

PROPIONIC ACID

Carboxyethane;
Ethanecarboxylic acid;
Ethylformic acid;
Metacetonic acid;
Methyl acetic acid;
Propanoic acid
UN1848

79-09-4

<$&79094[-]>

PROPIONIC ANHYDRIDE

Methylacetic anhydride;
Propanoic anhydride;
Propionic acid anhydride;
Propionyl oxide
UN2496

123-62-6

<$&123626[-]>

p-tert-BUTYL BENZOIC ACID

p-TBBA

98-73-7

<$&98737[-]>

p-TOLUENESULPHONIC ACID

p-Methylbenzenesulfonic acid;
4-Methylbenzenesulfonic acid;
p-Methylphenylsulfonic acid;
Toluenesulfonic acid;
4-Toluenesulfonic acid

104-15-4

<$&104154[-]>

SALICYLIC ACID

o-Hydroxybenzoic acid;
2-Hydroxybenzoic acid;
Orthohydroxybenzoic acid

69-72-7

<$&69727[-]>

STEARIC ACID

Cetylacetic acid;
1-Heptadecanecarboxylic acid;
Octadecanoic acid

57-11-4

<$&57114[-]>

SUCCINIC ACID

butanedioic acid;
1,2-Ethanedicarboxylic acid;
Ethylenesuccinic acid

110-15-6

<$&110156[-]>

SULPHANILIC-ACID

p-Aminobenzenesulphonic acid;
4-Aminobenzenesulphonic acid;
p-Aminophenylsulphonic acid;
Aniline-p-sulphonic acid;
Aniline-4-sulphonic acid

121-57-3

<$&121573[-]>

TARTARIC ACID

2,3-Dihydrosuccinic acid;
2,3-Dihydroxybutanedioic acid;
Threaric acid

87-69-4

<$&87694[-]>

TEREPHTHALIC ACID

p-Benzenedicarboxylic acid;
1,4-Benzenedicarboxylic acid

100-21-0

<$&100210[-]>

TRICHLORACETIC ACID

TCA
UN1839
UN2564

76-03-9

<$&76039[-]>

TRICHLOROPHENOXYACETIC ACID

2,4,5-T

93-76-5

<$&93765[-]>

TRIFLUOROACETIC ACID

Perfluoroacetic acid;
Trifluoroethanoic acid;
TFA
UN2699

76-05-1

<$&76051[-]>

TRIMELLIC ACID ANHYDRIDE

4-Carboxyphthalic anhydride;
1,3-Dioxo-5-Phthalancarboxylic acid;
5-Phthalanacarboxylic acid;
1,2,4-Benzenetricarboxylic anhydride

552-30-7

<$&552307[-]>

VALERIC ACID

Butanecarboxylic acid;
1-Butanecarboxylic acid;
Pentanoic acid;
Propylacetic acid

109-52-4

<$&109524[-]>

 

Melting Point (ºC)

10- 5

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