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104. Guide to Chemicals

 


 

 

Table of Contents

General Profile


Acids, Inorganic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Alcohols

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Alkaline Materials

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Amines, Aliphatic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Azides

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Carbon Monoxide


Epoxy Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Esters, Acrylates

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Ethers

Ethers Tables:

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties

Halogen and Ethers Tables:

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Fluorocarbons

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Glycerols and Glycols

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Heterocyclic Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Hydrocarbons, Aliphatic and Halogenated

Halogenated Saturated Hydrocarbons Tables:

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties

Halogenated Unsaturated Hydrocarbons Tables:

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Hydrocarbons, Aliphatic Unsaturated

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Hydrocarbons, Halogenated Aromatic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Isocyanates

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Nitrocompounds, Aliphatic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Peroxides, Organic and Inorganic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Phosphates, Inorganic and Organic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties

 


 


Acids and Anhydrides, Organic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Aldehydes and Ketals

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Amides

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Aromatic Amino Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Boranes

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Cyano Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Esters, Acetates

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Esters, Alkanoates (except Acetates)

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Glycol Ethers

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Halogens and Their Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Hydrocarbons, Saturated and Alicyclic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


 

Hydrocarbons, Aromatic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Hydrocarbons, Polyaromatic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Ketones

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Nitrocompounds, Aromatic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Phenols and Phenolic Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Phthalates

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Silicon and Organosilicon Compounds

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Sulphur Compounds, Inorganic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


Sulphur Compounds, Organic

Chemical Identification

Health Hazards

Physical and Chemical Hazards

Physical and Chemical Properties


 


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Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Physical

Chemical

UN Class or Division /  Subsidiary Risks

BENZYL BENZOATE
120-51-4

The vapour is heavier than air

On combustion, forms toxic and irritating fumes

BUTYL FORMATE
592-84-7

The vapour mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed • As a result of flow, agitation, etc, electrostatic charges can be generated

The substance decomposes on heating or on burning producing acrid and irritating fumes • Reacts violently with strong oxidants

BUTYL PROPIONATE
590-01-2

Reacts with strong oxidants

CARBAMIC ACID, ETHYL ESTER
51-79-6

The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic fumes (nitrogen oxides)

CARBOFURAN
1563-66-2

The substance decomposes on heating on burning

DIETHYL CARBONATE
105-58-8

The vapour mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed

Reacts with reducing material and strong bases • Reacts violently with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard • Attacks many plastics and resins

3

DIETHYLENE BENZYL BENZOATE
120-55-8

The vapour is heavier than air

On combustion, forms acrid fumes

DIMETHYL CARBONATE
616-38-6

3

ETHYL CHLOROFORMATE
541-41-3

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

On contact with hot surfaces or flames this substance decomposes forming hydrogen chloride and phosgene • The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic and irritating fumes including hydrogen chloride and phosgene • Reacts on contact with water or steam producing toxic and corrosive hydrogen • Reacts violently with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard • Attacks many metals especially in the presence of moisture

6.1/ 3/ 8

ETHYL FORMATE
109-94-4

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

Reacts violently with strong oxidants, acids, and bases

ETHYL PROPIONATE
105-37-3

3

METHYL BENZOATE
93-58-3

6.1

METHYL CHLOROFORMATE
79-22-1

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

On combustion, forms toxic fumes (HCl, phosgene) • The substance decomposes on heating or on burning on contact with hot surfaces or flames, this substance causes fire hazard producing toxic and corrosive fumes (hydrogen chloride, phosgene) • Reacts with strong oxidants • Reacts gradually with water, forming corrosive substance (hydrogen chloride)

6.1/ 3

METHYL FORMATE
107-31-3

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible • The vapour mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed

Reacts vigorously with oxidants

3

METHYL PROPIONATE
554-12-1

3

SODIUM FORMATE
141-53-7

The substance decomposes on heating over 253°C into sodium oxalate, hydrogen and carbon monoxide, and on contact with acids producing formic acid vapours

For UN Class: 1.5 = very insensitive substances which have a mass explosion hazard; 2.1 = flammable gas; 2.3 = toxic gas; 3 = flammable liquid; 4.1 = flammable solid; 4.2 = substance liable to spontaneous combustion; 4.3 = substance which in contact with water emits flammable gases; 5.1 = oxidizing substance; 6.1 = toxic; 7 = radioactive; 8 = corrosive substance

 

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Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Colour/Form

Boiling Point (°C)

Melting Point (°C)

Molecular Weight

Solubility in Water

Relative Density (water=1)

Relative Vapour Density (air=1)

Vapour Pressure/ (Kpa)

Inflam.
Limits

Flash Point (°C)

Auto Ignition Point (°C)

BENZYL FORMATE
104-57-4

202-203

136.14

insol

1.081

BUTYL BUTYRATE
109-21-7

166

-91.5

144.21

insol

0.8700

BUTYL PROPIONATE
590-01-2

liquid

146

-89

130.2

sl sol

0.8754

4.5

0.38

32

425

BUTYLFORMATE
592-84-7

liquid

106

-91.5

102.13

sl sol

0.8885

3.5

@ 31.6 °C

1.7 ll
8.0 ul

18 cc

322

ETHYL CHLOROFORMATE
541-41-3

water-white liquid

95

-80.6

108.5

insol

1.1403

3.7

5.5

3.2 ll
27.5 ul

16 cc

500

ETHYL FORMATE
109-94-4

mobile liquid water-white liquid

54.4

-80

74.1

sol

0.9168

2.56

25.6

2.8 ll
16.0 ul

-20 cc

440

ETHYL OXALATE
95-92-1

colourless, oily liquid

@ 760 mm  Hg

-38.5ºC

146.14

slightly sol ; decomp

@ 20 ºC /4 ºC

5.04

@ 47 ºC

ETHYL PROPIONATE
105-37-3

colourless liquid

99

-73

102.1

sl sol

0.891

3.5

1.9 ll
11 ul

12 cc

440

GLYCEROL TRIBUTYRATE
60-01-5

colourless; oily liquid

305-310

-75

302.4

insol

1.0350

0.5 ll
? ul

ISOAMYL FORMATE
110-45-2

123.5

-93.5

116.15

sl sol

0.8857

METHYL CHLOROFORMATE
79-22-1

clear liquid

71

-61

94.50

insol

1.223

3.26

13.7

6.7

13 cc

510

METHYL FORMATE
107-31-3

colourless liquid

32

-99.8

60.05

v sol

0.9742

2.07

64

5 ll
23 ul

-19 cc

449

METHYL PROPIONATE
554-12-1

colourless liquid

79.7

-87

88.10

sl sol

0.915

3.03

@ 25 °C

2.5 ll
13.0 ul

-2 cc

469

PROPIONIC ACID, SODIUM SALT
137-40-6

white granular powder; transparent crystals, granules

96.07

sl sol

a-PROPYLENE­GLYCOL DIACETATE
623-84-7

190.5

160.16

v sol

1.059

SODIUM FORMATE
141-53-7

colourless monoclinic crystals; white granules or crystalline powder

253 decomp

253

68.02

97.2 g/100 ml

1.92

 

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Sunday, 07 August 2011 01:52

Ethers: Chemical Identification

Written by

Chemical Formula

Chemical

Synonyms
UN Code

CAS-Number

1746130

ALLYL PHENYL ETHER

Benzene, (2-propenyloxy);
USAF DO-23

1746-13-0

100663

ANISOLE

Methoxybenzene;
Methyl phenyl ether;
Phenyl methyl ether
UN2222

100-66-3

103504

BENZYL-ETHER

Dibenzyl ether

103-50-4

25013165

tert-BUTYL-4-HYDROXYANISOLE

Antioxyne B;
Antrancine 12;
BHA;
Butylated hydroxyanisole;
Butylhydroxyanisole;
tert-Bbutylhydroxyanisole;
1,1-Dimethylethyl-4-methoxyphenol;
Embanox;
Nipantiox 1-F;
Protex;
Premerge plus;
Sustane;
Sustane 1-F;
Vertac;
Tenox BHA

25013-16-5

557404

DIALLYL ETHER

Allylether;
Diallylether;
3,3'-Oxybis(1-propene);
Propenyl ether
UN2360

557-40-4

142961

DIBUTYL ETHER

1-Butoxybutane;
Butyl ether;
Dibutyl oxide;
1,1'-Oxybis(butane)

142-96-1

60297

DIETHYL ETHER

Diethyl oxide;
Ethoxyethane;
Ethyl ether
UN1155

60-29-7

111433

DIPROPYL ETHER

Dipropyl oxide;
1,1'-Oxybispropane
UN2384

111-43-3

628819

ETHYLBUTYL ETHER

Butyl ethyl ether
UN1179

628-81-9

540670

ETHYLMETHYL ETHER

Ethane, methoxy-;
Methane, ethoxy;
Methyl ethyl ether
UN1039

540-67-0

108203

ISOPROPYL ETHER

Diisopropyl ether;
Diisopropyl oxide;
2-Isopropoxypropane;
Isopropyl ether
UN1159

108-20-3

557175

METHYLPROPYL ETHER

1-Methoxypropane;
Metopryl;
Neothyl
UN2612

557-17-5

1634044

METHYL-tert-BUTYL ETHER

tert-Butyl methyl ether;
2-Methoxy-2-methylpropane;
Methyl 1,1-dimethylethyl ether
UN2398

1634-04-4

107255

METHYLVINYL ETHER

Ethene, methoxy-;
Vinyl methyl ether
UN1087

107-25-5

115106

METHYL ETHER

Dimethyl ether;
Wood ether
UN1033

115-10-6

693652

PENTYL ETHER

Amyl ether;
Diamyl ether;
Dipentyl ether;
1,1'-Oxybispentane

693-65-2

143226

TRIETHYLENE GLYCOL-n-BUTYL ETHER

Butoxytriethylene glycol ButoxytriglycolTriethylene glycol monobutyl ether

143-22-6

 

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Sunday, 07 August 2011 01:56

Ethers: Health Hazards

Written by

Chemical Name

CAS-Number

ICSC Short-Term Exposure

ICSC Long-Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

DIETHYL ETHER 60-29-7

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS

CNS

Inhalation: drowsiness, headache, narcosis, unconsciousness, vomiting, anesthesia

Skin: dry skin

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: dizziness, drowsiness, vomiting

CNS; skin; resp sys; eyes Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, upper resp sys; dizz, drow, head, excited, narco; nau, vomit

DIBUTYL ETHER 142-96-1

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS; liver

skin

Inhalation: cough, drowsiness, sore throat

Skin: dry skin, redness

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: burning sensation in the mouth, mouth and abdominal irritation, nausea, sore throat

ISOPROPYL ETHER     108-20-3

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: cough, drowsiness, sore throat

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Resp sys; skin; eyes; CNS Inh; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose; resp discomfort; derm; in animals: drow, dizz, uncon, narco

METHYL-tert-BUTYL ETHER     1634-04-4

Inhalation: cough, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea

Skin: unconsciousness, weakness

Eyes: dry skin

Ingestion: redness, painabdominal pain, dizziness, nausea, vomiting

TRIETHYLENEGLYCOL-n-BUTYL ETHER    143-22-6

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin

Inhalation: cough, irritation

Skin: may be absorbed, roughness

Eyes: irritation, pain, blurred vision, erosion

Ingestion: cough, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea

 

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Sunday, 07 August 2011 01:57

Ethers: Physical & Chemical Hazards

Written by

Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Physical

Chemical

UN Class or Division /  Subsidiary Risks

ANISOLE
100-66-3

3

DIETHYL ETHER
60-29-7

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible • As a result of flow, agitation, etc, electrostatic charges can be generated

The substance can form explosive peroxides under the influence of light and air • Reacts violently with oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard

3

DI-n-BUTYL ETHER
142-96-1

As a result of flow, agitation, etc, electrostatic charges can be generated

The substance can form explosive peroxides, especially in anhydrous form • The substance decomposes on heating producing acrid smoke and fumes • Reacts with oxidants • Reacts violently with nitrogen trichloride (NCl3)

3

DIPROPYL ETHER
111-43-3

3

ETHYLBUTYL ETHER
628-81-9

3

ETHYLMETHYL ETHER
540-67-0

2.1

ISOPROPYL ETHER
108-20-3

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

The substance can readily form explosive peroxides if unstabilized and explode on shaking

3

METHYLPROPYL ETHER
557-17-5

3

METHYL-tert-BUTYL ETHER
1634-04-4

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible • The vapour mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed • As a result of flow, agitation, etc, electrostatic charges can be generated

Reacts violently with strong oxidants causing fire hazard

3

METHYLVINYL ETHER
107-25-5

2.1

PHENYL ETHER
101-84-8

Reacts with strong oxidants, causing fire and explosion hazard

For UN Class: 1.5 = very insensitive substances which have a mass explosion hazard; 2.1 = flammable gas; 2.3 = toxic gas; 3 = flammable liquid; 4.1 = flammable solid; 4.2 = substance liable to spontaneous combustion; 4.3 = substance which in contact with water emits flammable gases; 5.1 = oxidizing substance; 6.1 = toxic; 7 = radioactive; 8 = corrosive substance

 

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Sunday, 07 August 2011 01:59

Ethers: Physical & Chemical Properties

Written by

Chemical Name

CAS-Number

Colour/Form

Boiling Point (°C)

Melting Point (°C)

Molecular Weight

Solubility in Water

Relative Density (water=1)

Relative Vapour Density (air=1)

Vapour Pressure/ (Kpa)

Inflam.
Limits

Flash Point (°C)

Auto Ignition Point (°C)

ALLYL ETHER
557-40-4

94

98.14

insol

0.8260

ALLYL PHENYL ETHER
1746-13-0

191.7

134.17

insol

0.9811

ANISOLE
100-66-3

mobile liquid, clear straw colour

155

37.3

108.13

insol

0.9961

3.72

@ 42.2 °C

475

BENZYL ETHER
103-50-4

colourless liquid; very pale yellow

298

3.6

198.25

insol

1.0428

DIETHYL ETHER
60-29-7

transparent, colourless, mobile liquid

34.6

-116.3

74.12

sl sol

0.7134

2.55

58.6

1.9 ll
36.0 ul

-45 cc

180-190

DIMETHYL ETHER
115-10-6

-24.8

-141.5

46.07

sol

DI-n-BUTYL ETHER
142-96-1

colourless liquid

142

-95.3

130.2

insol

0.7689

4.48

0.64

1.5 ll
7.6 ul

37

194

DIPROPYL ETHER
111-43-3

mobile liquid

90

-122

102.17

sl sol

0.7360

3.53

@ 25 °C

21 cc

188

ETHYLBUTYL ETHER
628-81-9

92.3

-124

102.17

insol

0.7490

ETHYLMETHYL ETHER
540-67-0

colourless

10.8

-113

60.1

sol

@ 0 °C/0 °C

2.1

@ 7.5 °C

2 ll
10.1 ul

ISOPROPYL ETHER
108-20-3

colourless liquid

68.5

-60

102.17

sl sol

0.7258

3.5

15.9

1.4 ll
7.9 ul

-18 F

443

METHYLPROPYL ETHER
557-17-5

39.1

74.12

sol

0.738

METHYL-tert-BUTYL ETHER
1634-04-4

colourless liquid

55.2

-109

88.1

sol

0.7405

3.0

@ 25 °C

1.6 ll
15.1 ul

-28

224

METHYLVINYL ETHER
107-25-5

colourless, compressed gas, or colourless liquid

12

-122

58.08

sl sol

@ 0 °C/4 °C

2.0

1052 mm Hg

2.6 ll
39 ul

287

PHENYL ETHER
101-84-8

monoclinic, rhombic crystals; colourless liquid or crystals

258

28

170.20

insol

1.075

5.86

2.8 Pa

0.8 ll
1.5. ul

115

618

PHENYL ETHER-BIPHENYL MIXTURE
8004-13-5

colourless to straw coloured-liquid

257.4

12

324.42

insol

@ 25 °C/ 25 °C

@ 25 °C

124 oc

TRIETHYLENE­GLYCOL-n-BUTYL ETHER
143-22-6

liquid

278

-35.2

206.3

misc

0.9890

@ 25 °C

143 cc

 

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Chemical Formula

Chemical

Synonyms
UN Code

CAS-Number

28434868

BIS(4-AMINO-3-CHLOROPHENYL) ETHER

3,3'-Dichloro-4,4'-diaminodiphenyl ether;
4,4'-Oxybis(2-chloroaniline);
4,4'-Oxybis(2-chloro-benzenamine)

28434-86-8

542881

BIS(CHLOROMETHYL) ETHER

Chloro(chloromethoxy)methane;
Chloromethyl ether;
1,1'-Dichlorodimethyl ether;
Dimethyl-1,1'-dichloroether;
Methane, oxybis(chloro-)
UN2249

542-88-1

31242930

CHLORINATED DIPHENYL OXIDE

Ether, hexachlorophenyl;
Hexachlorodiphenyl ether;
Hexachloro diphenyl oxide;
Trichloro diphenyl ether;
Trichloro diphenyl oxide

31242-93-0

107302

CHLOROMETHYL METHYL ETHER

Dimethylchloroether;
Methylchloromethyl ether;
Monochlorodimethyl ether
UN1239

107-30-2

111444

DICHLOROETHYL ETHER

Bis(2-chloroethyl) ether;
1-Chloro-2-2,2'-dichlorethyl ether;
2,2'-Dichlorodiethyl ether ;
Di(2-chloroethyl) ether;
Dichloroethyl oxide;
1,1'-Oxybis(2-chloro)ethane
UN1916

111-44-4

108601

DICHLOROISOPROPYL ETHER

Bis(2-chloroisopropyl) ether;
Bis(2-chloro-1-methylethyl) ether;
Bis(1-chloro-2-propyl) ether;
(2-Chloro-1-methylethyl) ether;
UN2490

108-60-1

28675083

DICHLOROPHENYL ETHER

Dichlorodiphenyl ether;
Dichlorodiphenyl oxide;
Phenyl ether dichloro

28675-08-3

31242941

ETHER, TETRACHLOROPHENYL

Phenyl ether tetrachloro;
Tetrachloro diphenyl ether;
Tetrachloro diphenyl oxide

31242-94-1

42279298

PENTACHLOROPHENYL ETHER

Pentachlorodiphenyl ether;
Pentachlorodiphenyl oxide;
Phenyl ether pentachloro

42279-29-8

 

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Sunday, 07 August 2011 02:02

Halogenated Ethers : Health Hazards

Written by

Chemical Name

CAS-Number

ICSC Short-Term Exposure

ICSC Long-Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

BIS(CHLOROMETHYL) ETHER  542-88-1

eyes; skin; resp tract; skin; CNS; heart

skin

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, dizziness, headache, nausea, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: redness, burning sensation

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, sore throat, vomiting

Resp sys; eyes; skin (lung cancer) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, muc memb, resp sys; pulm congestion, edema; corn damage, nec; decr pulm function, cough, dysp, wheez; blood-stained sputum, bronchial secretions; (carc)

CHLOROMETHYL METHYL ETHER  107-30-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs; CNS

liver; kidneys

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough, dizziness, headache, laboured breathing, nausea, sore throat

Skin: redness, skin burns, pain, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision, loss of vision, severe deep burns

Ingestion: abdominal cramps, vomiting

Resp sys; skin; eyes; mucal membranes (in animals: skin & lung cancer) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, muc memb; pulm edema, pulm congestion, pneu; skin burns, nec; cough, wheez, blood-stained sputum; low-wgt; bronchial secretions; (carc)

DICHLOROETHYL ETHER     111-44-4

Resp sys; liver; eyes (in animals: liver tumors) Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit nose, throat, resp sys; lac; cough; nau, vomit; in animals: pulm edema; liver damage; (carc)

 

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Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Physical

Chemical

UN Class or Division /  Subsidiary Risks

BIS(CHLOROMETHYL)ETHER
542-88-1

The vapour mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed

The substance decomposes on heating and on contact with water, producing toxic and corrosive fumes of hydrogen chloride, formaldehyde • Attacks many metals, resins and plastics

6.1

CHLOROMETHYL METHYL ETHER
107-30-2

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

On combustion, forms toxic gases and vapours (phosgene and hydrogen chloride) • The substance decomposes on contact with water producing hydrogen chloride and formaldehyde • Attacks many metals in presence of water

6.1/ 3

DICHLOROETHYL ETHER
111-44-4

6.1

DICHLOROISOPROPYL ETHER
108-60-1

6.1

For UN Class: 1.5 = very insensitive substances which have a mass explosion hazard; 2.1 = flammable gas; 2.3 = toxic gas; 3 = flammable liquid; 4.1 = flammable solid; 4.2 = substance liable to spontaneous combustion; 4.3 = substance which in contact with water emits flammable gases; 5.1 = oxidizing substance; 6.1 = toxic; 7 = radioactive; 8 = corrosive substance

 

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Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Colour/Form

Boiling Point (°C)

Melting Point (°C)

Molecular Weight

Solubility in Water

Relative Density (water=1)

Relative Vapour Density (air=1)

Vapour Pressure/ (Kpa)

Inflam.
Limits

Flash Point (ºC)

Auto Ignition Point (ºC)

BIS(CHLOROMETHYL) ETHER
542-88-1

colourless liquid

106

-41.5

114.97

reacts

@15 ºC/4 ºC

4.0

14 Pa

<19 cc

CHLOROMETHYL METHYL ETHER
107-30-2

colourless liquid

59

-103.5

80.5

decomposes

1.0605

2.8

25.3

0 ºC

DICHLOROETHYL ETHER
111-44-4

colourless, clear liquid

178

-51.9

143.01

insol

1.22

4.93

0.7 mm Hg

63 cc

369

DICHLOROISOPROPYL ETHER
108-60-1

colourless liquid

187

-96.8 to -101.8

171.07

insol

1.103

5.9

0.71- 0.85 mm Hg

 

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Page 8 of 15

Contents

Preface
Part I. The Body
Part II. Health Care
Part III. Management & Policy
Part IV. Tools and Approaches
Part V. Psychosocial and Organizational Factors
Part VI. General Hazards
Part VII. The Environment
Part VIII. Accidents and Safety Management
Part IX. Chemicals
Part X. Industries Based on Biological Resources
Part XI. Industries Based on Natural Resources
Part XII. Chemical Industries
Part XIII. Manufacturing Industries
Part XIV. Textile and Apparel Industries
Part XV. Transport Industries
Part XVI. Construction
Part XVII. Services and Trade
Part XVIII. Guides