Sunday, 07 August 2011 00:33

Azides: Health Hazards

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Chemical Name


ICSC Short-Term Exposure

ICSC Long-Term Exposure

ICSC Routes of Exposure and Symptoms

US NIOSH Target Organs & Routes of Entry

US NIOSH Symptoms

1,1'-AZOBIS(FORMAMIDE)     123-77-3

eyes; resp tract

skin; resp tract

Inhalation: cough, headache, fatigue, shortness of breath, sore throat, cramps

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness, pain


eyes; resp sys Inh; con (liq)

Irrit eyes; cough, short breath; head, ftg; flush skin, fever; chest pain, pulm edema, pneuitis; asthma; liq: frostbite


Liver; skin; bladder; kidneys; resp sys (in animals: liver &bladder tumors) Inh; abs; ing; con

Enlarged liver; liver, kidney dysfunc; contact derm; cough, wheez, dysp; bloody sputum; bronchial secretions; frequent urination, hema, dysuria; (carc)

EDETIC ACID     60-00-4

eyes; skin; resp tract

Inhalation: burning sensation, cough

Skin: redness

Eyes: redness

Ingestion: burning sensation

HYDRAZINE       302-01-2

eyes; skin; resp tract; liver; kidneys; CNS

skin; liver; kidneys; CNS; genes

Eyes; skin; resp sys; CNS; liver; kidneys (in animals: tumors of the lungs, liver, blood vessels & intestine) Inh; ing; abs; con

Irrit eyes, skin, nose throat; temporary blindness; dizz, nau; derm; eye, skin burns; in animals: bron, pulm edema; liver, kidney damage; convuls; (carc)

METHYLHYDRAZINE        60-34-4

CNS; resp sys; liver; blood; CVS; eyes; skin Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin, resp sys; vomit, diarr, tremor, ataxia; anoxia, cyan; convuls; (carc)


eyes; skin; resp tract; blood; kidneys

skin; blood

Inhalation: cough, laboured breathing, sore throat, cyanosis

Skin: may be absorbed, dry skin, redness, pain

Eyes: redness, pain, blurred vision

Ingestion: abdominal pain, diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, weakness, vertigo

Blood; resp sys; liver; kidneys; skin (in animals: tumors of the lungs, liver, blood vessels & intestine)Inh; abs; ing; con

Skin sens, hemolytic anemia, dysp, cyan; jaun; kidney damage; vascular thrombosis; (carc)

SODIUM AZIDE   26628-22-8

eyes; skin; resp tract; CNS

CNS; genes

Inhalation: cough, headache, nasal stuffiness, blurred vision, shortness of breath, unconsciousness, slowing heartbeat, fall in blood pressure

Skin: redness, blisters

Eyes: redness, pain

Ingestion: abdominal pain, headache, nausea, unconsciousness, sweating

Eyes; skin; CNS; CVS; kidneys Inh; abs; ing; con

Irrit eyes, skin; head, weak, dizz, blurred vision; dysp; low BP, bradycardia; kidney changes


eyes; skin; resp tract; lungs

skin; lungs

Inhalation: cough, dullness, headache, nausea, shortness of breath, sore throat, vomiting, symptoms may be delayed

Skin: redness, skin burns, pain

Eyes: redness, pain, loss of vision, severe deep burns

Ingestion: burning sensation, cough, headache, sore throat

1,2,4-TRIAZOLE  288-88-0

eyes; skin



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Part I. The Body
Part II. Health Care
Part III. Management & Policy
Part IV. Tools and Approaches
Part V. Psychosocial and Organizational Factors
Part VI. General Hazards
Part VII. The Environment
Part VIII. Accidents and Safety Management
Part IX. Chemicals
Part X. Industries Based on Biological Resources
Part XI. Industries Based on Natural Resources
Part XII. Chemical Industries
Part XIII. Manufacturing Industries
Part XIV. Textile and Apparel Industries
Part XV. Transport Industries
Part XVI. Construction
Part XVII. Services and Trade
Part XVIII. Guides
Guide to Occupations
Guide to Chemicals
Guide to Units and Abbreviations